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2020-05-14 inkommer med information om Portugals premiårministers död 1980, Lockerblebombningen, vapenhandeln med Iran och Nicaragua och Sydafrikanska såkerhetstjänsten
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2020-05-14
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Hej Jonas, Jag skickade ett mail till Hans för en stund enligt det han och jag kom överens om senast. Tänkte att du också kanske är intresserad, så här är en kopia.

Bästa  Vidarebefordrat brev: Från: Ämne! vuuvat material Datum: 14 maj 2020 11:01:36 CEST Till: hans.melander@polisen.se Kopia: krister.petersson@aklagare.se

Hej,

Jag lovade att skicka par rader om det jag arbetar på nu och som kan vara relevant för mordet på Olof Palme. Jag håller det kort för att spara din (och min) tid. Om ni vill så kommer jag gärna och håller ett litet föredrag för er grupp om detta.

- Camarateattacken. Den 4 december 1980 omkom Portugals premiärminister Sá Carneiro och försvarsminister Amaro da Costa när en Cessna kraschade i Lissabon. Första utredningen sade att det var en olycka, men tio parlamentariska kommissioner senare har man tekniska bevis (bl a sprängämnen) och erkännanden att det var ett attentat. Det troliga motivet var att ministrarna stoppat vapenleveranser till Iran, vilka släpptes veckan därpå. De portugiser som erkänt inblandning har pekat ut sydafrikaner och amerikaner med namn som organiserat attentatet. Se bifogad slutrapport för den tionde kommissionen på portugisiska och googleöversättning till engelska. Min uppfattning är att det hänger ihop med det som kallas Iran-Contraaffären och som pågick 1980-1987 och där Sydafrika spelade en viktig roll. Påminner om att Olof Palme också stoppade leveranser till Iran under 1985. Länk till : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1980 Camarate air crash

- Lockerbicbombningen. Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission (SCCRC) beslutade den 11 mars i år att familjen till den ende dömde libyern al-Megrahi har rätt till en ny rättegång som kommer äga rum inom ett år. Därmed är det enligt många experter sannolikt att motivet till händelsen var Irans hämnd för det av USA nedskjutna IR655, vilket betraktades som lösningen under det första året efter dådet. Se SCCRCs pressrelease bifogad. Min ingång är Olof Palmes näre medarbetare Bernt Carlssons död i katastrofen. Carlsson arbetade som diplomat i Södra Afrika, Iran och Nicaragua och kom med på Pan Am 103 efter ett snabbt påkommet möte med ett sydafrikanskt bolag i London, vilket antingen är en otrolig slump eller ett sätt att bli av med ett problem för någon som visste att katastrofen skulle ske. Länk till SCCRC press release: https://irp

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

cdn.multiscreensite.com/8f56052e/files/uploaded/11%20March%202020%20%20SCCRC%20News%20Release%20%20Application%20on%20behalf%20of%20Mr%20Abdelbaset%20Ali%20Moh med%20Al%20Megrahi dgMrLN20RqqEoEwzK4eV.pdf

Jag vill också passa på att nämna ett par saker eftersom det närmar sig er presentation av lösningen:

- Era företrädare inom polisen och Säpo utredde noga under hela 1987 ett samarbete mellan Sydafrikansk säkerhetstjänst och svenskar, se ett av många exempel i bifogad artikel från Göteborgstidningen den 28 maj 1987. Eventuellt kan Skandiamannen varit en av svenskarna ir ytterligare en möjlighet). Först när den nye spaningsledare kom i borjan av 1988 lades detta spår åt sidan och allt fokuserades på en ensam gärningsman. var fortfarande av intresse under de första månaderna 1988). - Sydafrika använda sig ofta av högerextremister för att genomföra mord

alternativt bara befinna sig i närheten, se mail med länk till artikel som  skickade till mig och som jag tolkar som ett sätt att peka i rätt

riktning när det gäller mordet på Olof Palme. Tillvägagångssättet skulle kunna vara relevant även för Skandiamannens roll. Länk: https://www.zammagazine.com/chronicle/chronicle-11/202-essay-chrishani-murder-revisited

- Vapenhandeln från 1980 med Iran och Nicaragua och en rad andra länder var extremt viktig för att avsluta Kalla kriget. Sydafrikas roll var extremt viktig i handeln och för att hemlighålla den när det höll på att avslöjas långt tidigare än publiceringen av Iran-Contra i november 1986. Den bästa sammanställningen av skeendet med tidslinjer, kartor och fotnoter finns i boken Apartheid Guns And Money av Henne Van Vuure, se bifogad pdf.

Skulle det vara intressant att jag kom till er och höll föredrag om något av detta?

Bästa hälsningar  

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

QE

hris Hani murder revisited - ZAM

fredag 8 apnl 2016 15:49

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craigmichael@gmail.com cwilliamson.craigmichael@gmail.com> Stockiassa: Nick Schmidle

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här meddelandet 2016-08-25 13:47. här meddelandet 2016-04-08 15:54. hår meddelandet 2016-04-08 18:42 ha meddelandet 2016-04-08 16:13.

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Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

MORDET PÅ OLOF PALME Torsdag 28 maj 1987

SÄPO PEKAR UT SYDAFRIKA

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Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

SCCRC secolish Ciminal cases

NEWS RELEASE

11 MARCH 2020

Application on behalf of Mr Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi

The Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission (the Commission) has today again referred the case of the late Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi to the High Court of Justiciary for determination.

As a result of the Commission's decision, Mr Megrahi's family is now entitled to instruct an appeal against his conviction on 31 January 2001 for the murders of the 243 passengers and the 16 crew on board Pan Am Flight 103 (PA 103) from London to New York, and 11 residents of Lockerbie, on 21 December 1988.

The Commission has sent a statement of reasons for its decision to the High Court. It has sent a copy of the document to Messrs Aamer Anwar & Co (whom the Megrahi family have instructed), the Lord Advocate and the Crown Agent.

The Commission is not, by law, permitted to provide members of the public with copies of its statement of reasons. However, given the continuing worldwide interest in this case, which sits uniquely within the criminal justice system in Scotland, the Commission has decided to provide a fuller news release than normal by setting out a summary of the case history and providing brief details of the application made to it, the trial court's findings and the Commission's conclusions

Announcing the decision today, the Chairman of the Commission, Bill Matthews, said:

'We recognise that the Commission plays an important role in the Scottish criminal justice system and has extensive statutory powers to enable it to carry out its duties. This is the second time that the Commission has carried out what I believe has been a rigorous and independent review of this particular conviction, and we note that since our last review further information has become available, including within the public domain, which the Commission has now been able to consider and assess. As the Chair of the SCCRC in 2007 said when the case was originally referred, our function is not to decide upon the guilt or innocence of an applicant. Our function is to examine the grounds of review identified and to decide whether any of the grounds meet the statutory test for a potential miscarriage.

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I am pleased therefore that we are now able to issue a detailed statement of reasons which addresses all of the issues raised. I am satisfied that the matter is now returning to the appropriate forum - the appeal court - to consider fully all of the issues raised in our statement of reasons.'

Gerard Sinclair, the Chief Executive of the Commission, said today:

'When we referred this case in 2007 I never expected that, over 10 years later, we would be asked not only to revisit our original decision, applying the law as currently stated, but also consider a whole new set of materials which had become available in the intervening years. I'm pleased to report that, after another lengthy investigation and review, we are now in a position to issue our decision in this unique case.

It seems important to note that, this month, an entirely new Board of the Commission from that which considered the matter in 2007 has again decided to refer this case. The 419-page decision issued today, with voluminous appendices, is a testament to the hard work and diligence of our investigating team over the last 3 years, involving us in novel and challenging court procedures along the way, and I pay tribute to them.

The Commission's involvement in the case is, once again, at an end. It is now a matter for those representing the Crown and the defence to decide how to proceed at any future appeal. Thereafter

, it will be for the appeal court to decide whether there has been a miscarriage of justice in this case.'

This news release is for information purposes only. Its content should not be treated as forming part of the Commission's decision to refer Mr Megrahi's case to the High Court.

Please note: the Commission will make no further comment on this case.

Case History

On 31 January 2001 Mr Megrahi was convicted of the murders of the 243 passengers and the 16 crew on board PA 103 from London to New York, and 11 residents of Lockerbie, on 21 December 1988.

Mr Megrahi appealed his conviction. On 14 March 2002 the High Court refused his appeal.

In September 2003 Mr Megrahi asked the Commission to review his conviction. On 28 June 2007 the Commission referred his case to the High Court for determination. On 17 August 2009 Mr Megrahi abandoned his appeal. On 20 August 2009 the Scottish Ministers approved his release on compassionate grounds and he was released from prison. He returned to Libya, where he died on 20 May 2012

In July 2017 Aamer Anwar & Co, instructed by Mr Megrahi's widow and his family, asked the Commission to review Mr Megrahi's conviction. On 27 April 2018 the Commission accepted that application for a full review. Today the case has been referred back to the High Court.

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The Application

The applicants asked the Commission to find that its original reference grounds in 2007 remain ‘valid and compelling' reasons for the Commission to refer the case again to the High Court.

The applicants raised two new matters, and asked the Commission to review the two grounds argued at the abandoned appeal, on which the High Court did not deliver its opinion: insufficient evidence and unreasonable verdict.

The Commission considered that the points raised formed the following six broad grounds of review:

Ground 1: Insufficient Evidence Ground 2: Unreasonable Verdict Ground 3: Fresh Evidence: The Christmas Lights Ground 4: Non-disclosure Ground 5: Timer Fragment PT/35(b) Ground 6: The Suitcase Ingestion

The Commission now believes that a miscarriage of justice may have occurred in Mr Megrahi's case by reason of 'Ground 2: Unreasonable Verdict' and 'Ground 4: Non-disclosure'.

The Commission does not believe that any of the other four grounds may have led to a miscarriage of justice.

A brief summary of the reasons why the Commission reached this view in respect of these six grounds is included below.

The Trial Court's Findings

The Commission has, for clarity's sake, set out here a brief summary of the trial court's findings, • The bomb that destroyed PA 103 had been contained in a Toshiba RT-SF16 Bombeat

radio-cassette player which had been in a brown hardshell Samsonite suitcase of the 26inch Silhouette 4000 range (the bomb suitcase). The scientific evidence identified 12 items of clothing and an umbrella that had been in the bomb suitcase.

The items in the bomb suitcase had been, with one exception, the items that Anthony Gauci, the owner of a shop in Sliema, Malta, described that he sold before Christmas 1988 to a Libyan man.

• Mr Megrahi was identified as the purchaser of the items in the bomb suitcase (based

upon Mr Gauci's evidence that the purchaser of the items closely resembled Mr Megrahi and evidence that Mr Gauci sold the items on 7 December 1988, a date on which Mr Megrahi was in Malta, staying in a hotel close to Mary's House).

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• Mr Megrahi was a member of the Libyan intelligence service (ISO), occupying posts of

fairly high rank, one of which was head of airline security; he was also involved in military procurement

The timer used to trigger the bomb was an MST-13 timer that a Swiss firm, MEBO, produced; MEBO had supplied a substantial quantity of such timers to Libya.

Mr Megrahi had an association with one of the partners in MEBO, Edwin Bollier, and with various members of the ISO and Libyan military who purchased MST-13 timers from Mr Bollier; and he had, along with another man, formed a company that leased premises from MEBO and intended to do business with MEBO.

• On 21 December 1988 the bomb suitcase was carried on Air Malta Flight KM 180 from

Luqa Airport to Frankfurt (KM 180), was transferred to Pan Am Flight 103A from Frankfurt to Heathrow (PA 103A), a feeder flight for PA 103, and was carried to Heathrow, where it was transferred to PA 103; there was a plain inference from the documentary record that an unidentified and unaccompanied bag travelled on KM 180 and was loaded at Frankfurt on to PA 103A.

On 20 December 1988 Mr Megrahi flew into Malta, travelling on a passport in a false name; he stayed overnight in a hotel in Sliema, registering there under a false name; on the morning of 21 December 1988 he was at Luqa Airport when the baggage for KM 180 was being checked in, immediately before flying to Libya.

Ground 1: Insufficient Evidence

At any trial, before the case may proceed for determination by the fact-finder, normally the jury, the court must be satisfied that there is a sufficiency of evidence which, if believed, would entitle the jury to return a guilty verdict. The Commission remains of the view, based upon the evidence that the trial court accepted in this case, that there was sufficient evidence in law to convict Mr Megrahi. The wholly circumstantial case against Mr Megrahi, as accepted, supported the conclusion that Mr Megrahi was guilty of the murders for which he was charged.

Ground 2: Unreasonable Verdict

A person may appeal his conviction based on the jury's having returned a verdict which no reasonable jury, properly directed, could have returned. In the unique circumstances of this case, a panel of three judges sat in place of the jury

The Commission's analysis under this ground of review required the Commission to revisit the view it took in 2007 about the trial court's conclusion that Mr Megrahi was the purchaser of the items that were inside the bomb suitcase.

There was a framework of evidence pointing to Mr Megrahi's guilt. One piece of that framework

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was Mr Gauci's evidence about the date of purchase of items bought from his shop (items that were inside the bomb suitcase) and other evidence about the date of purchase. On the basis of that evidence, the trial court concluded that the date of purchase was 7 December 1988. That conclusion, taken with Mr Gauci's evidence that Mr Megrahi closely resembled the purchaser, enabled the trial court to infer that Mr Megrahi was the purchaser. The Commission believes that no reasonable trial court could have accepted that Mr Megrahi was identified as the purchaser.

Because the court's specific conclusion that he was the purchaser was integral to the court's ultimate conclusion that he was guilty of the murders libelled, the Commission believes that, notwithstanding that the remaining chapters of evidence pointed to the involvement of operators of the Libyan state in the execution of the crime, a miscarriage of justice may have occurred because no reasonable trial court, relying on the evidence led at trial, could have held the case against Mr Megrahi was proved beyond reasonable doubt.

Ground 3: Fresh Evidence: The Christmas Lights

A person may appeal his conviction based on the existence and significance of evidence which was not heard at the original proceedings'. The fresh evidence concerning the Christmas lights in Sliema, Malta, consisted of confirmation that the lights were illuminated on 6 December 1988.

The Commission decided that the fresh evidence in question is not likely to have assisted Mr Megrahi's cause. Notably, Mr Megrahi chose not to lead it in connection with his appeal in 2002.

Ground 4: Non-disclosure

In any trial, the Crown must disclose to the defence information which might materially weaken the Crown case or which might materially strengthen the defence case. A failure to do so is a breach of process, but the significance and consequences of such a breach must be assessed. In other words, taking into account of all the circumstances of the trial, was there a 'real possibility' that the jury would have arrived at a different verdict if the undisclosed information had been before it?

The Commission considers that the Crown ought to have disclosed to the defence a statement and a police report concerning Mr Gauci's possession of photographs of Mr Megrahi before the identification parade, because that information might have materially weakened the Crown's reliance on Mr Gauci's I.D. parade and dock resemblance identifications of Mr Megrahi as the purchaser.

While the foregoing information relates only to one aspect of the overall circumstantial case against Mr Megrahi – the Crown's contention that Mr Megrahi was the purchaser – the court's finding that he was the purchaser was integral to its ultimate conclusion that he was guilty of the murders libelled. The Commission considers that the Crown's failure to disclose the information in question deprived Mr Megrahi a real chance of an acquittal.

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The Commission also considers that the Crown's failure to disclose the information about the reward money to be paid to Mr Gauci under a scheme administered by the US Department of State bolsters its conclusion that Mr Megrahi was denied a fair trial.

Ground 5: Timer Fragment PT/35(b)

The applicants' submissions under this overall ground were three-fold and were as follows:

(1) The Crown failed to disclose to the defence information about the difference in metallurgy between the timer fragment PT/35(b), recovered during the ground search, and the control circuit boards (fragment PT/35(b) being, the trial court concluded, part of the MEBO-produced MST-13 timer used to trigger the bomb); (2) There is fresh evidence about the difference in metallurgy between PT/35(b) and the control circuit boards which casts serious doubt on the trial court's conclusion that PT/35(b) was part of the MEBO-produced MST-13 timer; and

(3) If there has not been a miscarriage of justice by reason of undisclosed information or fresh evidence relating to the metallurgy issue, the defence team's decision not to investigate it amounted to a failure to present Mr Megrahi's defence. The Commission decided that the Crown did not fail to disclose the information in question to the defence. It decided also that the applicants have not provided a reasonable explanation as to why the fresh evidence concerning the metallurgy issue was not led at the trial

. In other words, it did not believe that submissions (1) and (2) are arguable. As regards submission (3), the conduct of an accused's defence may be said to amount to a miscarriage of justice only where it has deprived him of a fair trial; a fair trial is denied to an accused where his defence was not presented to the court because counsel either disregarded his instructions or conducted the defence in a way in which no competent counsel could reasonably have conducted it. The Commission decided that the decision by the defence team to proceed without investigating the metallurgy issue did not mean that Mr Megrahi's defence was not presented to the court.

In any event, the Commission was not persuaded that the evidence obtained post-trial about the metallurgy of the control circuit boards called into question the trial court's conclusion that PT/35(b) was part of the MEBO-produced MST-13 timer used to trigger the bomb.

Ground 6: The Suitcase Ingestion

The submissions in this regard arose from a theory derived from the work of the organisation Justice for Megrahi'. The issue was covered extensively in the report that 'Operation Sandwood produced (Operation Sandwood being the investigation that Police Scotland initiated in 2014 following allegations that Justice for Megrahi made about criminality on the

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part of officials involved in the Lockerbie enquiry).

The theory purported to show conclusively that the suitcase containing the bomb that destroyed PA 103 had entered the airline luggage chain at Heathrow Airport. In other words, it purported to show that the bomb had not entered airline luggage in Malta. If accepted, this would fatally undermine the Crown case.

Having excluded various other possibilities, the Commission considered that the submissions could be relevant only as a claim of defective representation. As the Commission understood them, the applicants were arguing that the failure of the defence to demonstrate that the bomb was ingested in Heathrow amounted to a failure to present the defence. The Commission concentrated on what it considered to be the most important aspect of the submissions. The theory lacked certain important information, which the Sandwood report had highlighted. In light of this, it was not arguable that the Justice for Megrahi theory could show conclusively that the bomb had entered the airline luggage in Heathrow. The Commission was satisfied that the defence team had good tactical reasons for approaching this part of the evidence in the way in which it did. It was not thus arguable that counsel had failed to present Mr Megrahi's defence.

Interests of Justice

The test that the Commission must apply in the exercise of its primary statutory function is in two parts.

The first part of the test, as applied above, is whether or not the Commission believes that a miscarriage of justice may have occurred. But before it may refer a case to the High Court, the Commission must also believe that it is in the interests of justice to do so. In this case the Commission identified during the review two issues of particular relevance to the interests of justice test. The first major issue addressed by the Commission at the outset was whether to accept the application for review at all, given Mr Megrahi's decision in 2009 to abandon his appeal. Part of the submissions in support of the request to the Commission to accept a further application from the family was an allegation that there had been an effort on the part of the Scottish Government to induce Mr Megrahi to drop his appeal in exchange for his return to Libya. After fully investigating the matter the Commission did not accept this allegation, concluding that throughout the process the message from the Scottish Government had been both consistent and uncompromising in its outward-facing neutrality. It did, however, accept that Mr Megrahi genuinely believed that his chances of being returned to Libya rested upon him dropping his appeal

. Mr Megrahi's source of information for this belief was a member of the Libyan Government under Colonel Muammar Gaddafi. The Commission

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addressed whether or not it was reasonable for Mr Megrahi to rely upon this information. It accepted that Mr Megrahi had little option but to do so. Accordingly, the Commission concluded that the abandonment of the appeal ought not to be taken as a justifiable reason not to accept the case for further review.

The second major issue was to decide whether, having concluded that there may have been a miscarriage of justice

, it would be in the interests of substantive justice' to refer the case again to the High Court.

To put the point in its sharpest terms, whether Mr Megrahi did or did not buy the items that were in the bomb suitcase would hardly matter if there was now a 'compelling and unanswerable case' indicating that he is guilty of the crime. Material the Commission obtained during its 2003–07 review reinforced the case against Mr Megrahi; other aspects yielded, potentially, further criminative circumstances on Mr Megrahi's part; while aspects of Mr Megrahi's accounts were unconvincing or implausible, displaying substantial and inherent contradictions.

The Commission, as part of the current review, obtained new information which, if believed, points at Libya, and Mr Megrahi as an operative in 1988 for that state, as being the culprits in the bombing of PA 103. The Commission considered, however, that the foregoing material did not entitle the Commission to establish a compelling and unanswerable case indicating that Mr Megrahi is guilty. As matters presently stand, the Commission was unable either to assess the nature or the circumstances under which this information was obtained or to form any conclusion about the credibility or reliability of the information. It may be that, if such matters are able to be properly considered in the future in a court of law, appropriate conclusions could be drawn about this new information.

Accordingly, and for these reasons, the Commission believes that it is in the interests of substantive justice to refer this case to the High Court,

Note for Editors The Commission was established on 1 April 1999 as an independent body to review alleged miscarriages of justice in convictions in Scotland or in sentences imposed in such convictions.

The Commission may, under s194A-T of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995, refer a case to the High Court if it believes that a miscarriage of justice may have occurred and that it is in the interests of justice that a reference should be made. After the Commission makes a reference to the High Court the case will proceed as a normal appeal. The Commission operates with a Board of eight Members (one of whom is the Chairperson), a Chief Executive, a Director of Corporate Services, a Head of Casework, two Senior Legal Officers, three Legal Officers and administrative support staff.

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For any further general information about the Commission, please contact:

Mr Chris Reddick, Director of Corporate Services,

SCCRC, 4th Floor, Portland House, 17 Renfield Street, Glasgow

Tel: 0141 270 7030

Email: creddick@sccrc.org.uk

Alternatively, please visit the Commission's website, at www.sccrc.co.uk

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Page 1

X PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEE OF INVESTIGATION ON THE CARARATE TRAGEDY

FINAL REPORT

Rapporteur: Pedro do Ó Ramos (PSD)

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Introduction

4

2. Initial considerations

62

3. Facts found

.

67

3.1.

Historical context

68

3.1.1. Testimony of Júlio Castro Caldas

...

68

3.1.2. Testimony by Francisco Pinto Balsemão

77

3.1.3. Testimony by Diogo Freitas do Amaral.

78

3.2.

Overseas Military Defense Fund

85

3.2.1. The VI and VIII Commissions of Inquiry..

85

3.2.2. The VIII Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy

85

87

3.2.3. AX Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy 3.3. Arms trade to Iran 3.4. José Moreira's death

102

111

3.4.1. Accidental death or homicide?

111

3.4.2. The death of José Moreira and Elisabete Sllva and their investigation.

114

3.4.3. The PGR disciplinary inquiry

116

3.5.

Other issues

118

3.5.1. Other testimonials

118

3.5.2. Stasi

119

3.5.3. The different versions on December 4, 1980

119

3.5.4. The difficulties of X CPITC

122

4. Conclusions

126

4.1.

The Parliamentary Commissions of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy

126

4.2.

Initial considerations

126

4.3.

The Overseas Military Defense Fund

126

4.1.

Arms exports

127

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

José Moreira's death Other testimonials

127 128

4.7.

Stasi

129

4.8.

The different versions on December 4, 1980

129

4.9.

Final conclusions

129

5. Recommendations

130

Attachments ....

131

2

3

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Introduction

The Journal of the Assembly of the Republic no. 134, 1 series, of 07/14/2012, published the approval of the Project of Resolution no. 411 / XII (1st) - Constitution of the X Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Tragedy of Camarate (PSD and CDS-PP), presented by MPs from PSD and CDS-PP, pursuant to paragraph 5 of 166 and article 178 of the Constitution of the Portuguese Republic and paragraph a) of paragraph 1 of article 2 of Law no. 5/93, of March 1, as amended by law no. 126:97, of December 10, and amended and republished by Law No. 15/2007, of April 3.

Then, the Assembly of the Republic, by Resolution No. 91/2012, published in the Diário da 142, series I, of July 24, 2012, decided to constitute the aforementioned Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry.

The Madam President of the Assembly of the Republic, through order no. 50 / XII, dated 12.19.2012. published in the Diário da Assembly da República no. 2, II series E, of 12.21.2012, fixed the number of members of the Committee of Inquiry, whose composition was established in the following terms:

Staff

Substitutes

2

Parliamentary Groups

PSD PS CDS PCP

5

2

2

1

2

1

BE

1

1

They were then appointed by the respective Parliamentary Groups to be part of the Committee on Survey the following Members:

PSD Parliamentary Group

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Effective Members José Manuel Marqués de Matos Rosa Miguel da Silva Santos Duarte Rogério Matos Ventura Pacheco Andreia Carina Machado da Silva Neto Clara Gonçalves Marques Mendes Pedro do Ó Ramos Ana Sofia Bettencourt

Substitute Members Luis Campos Ferreira Ulisses Pereira

PS Parliamentary Group

Effective Members António Braga Ferngat den Inês de bere Isabel Oneto

4

5

João Paulo Pedrosa

Substitute Members António Ramos Preto Pedro Delgado Alves

Parliamentary Group of the CDS-PP

Effective Members José Ribeiro e Castro Raúl de Almeida

Deputy Deputy João Gonçalves Pereira

PCP Parliamentary Group

Effective Members Jorge Machado Miguel Tiago

Deputy Deputy Rila Rato

BE Parliamentary Group

Deputy Ana Drago

Deputy Deputy Helena Pinto

The following deputies were substituted:

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Luís Campos Ferreira (PSD), by Pedro Lynce. - Ana Drago (BE), by Joana Mortágua

On the 10th day of January 2013 at 12.00 pm, the Commission was empowered, as in the respective attendance record sheet, the Bureau having been elected, which now has the following constitution:

President

PSD

Vice president Vice president

José Manuel Marques de Matos Rosa António Braga Raúl de Almeida

PS CDS-PP

Once the work started, the Commission adopted its internal regulations, published in the Diário da Assembly of the Republic No. 92, 11 Series - B, of 02.02.2013.

Within the scope of article 1 of the Regulation, the X Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Camarate defined as an object “to continue the thorough investigation of the causes and circumstances in thal on December 4, 1980, the death of Prime Minister Francisco Sá Carneiro, of the

5

Defense Minister Adelino Amaro da Costa and his companions, pursuant to the Resolution of the Assembly of the Republic no. 91. 2012, of 24 July, published in the Diário da República no. 142 Series 1, 07/24:2012"

By Resolution of the Assembly of the Republic No. 110/2013, published in the Diário da República, Series 1, of 19.07.2013, it was decided to extend the Commission's operating deadline for another 90 days, suspending it between July 24, 2013 and October 1, 2013.

The term was subsequently interrupted, by the Resolution of the Assembly of the Republic no. 153.2013, published in the Diário da República I series, dated 12.17.2013, having resumed its operation on April 8, 2015.

In carrying out its work, and within the scope of the Parliamentary Inquiry, the Commission held meetings at which the following interviewees were heard:

Year 2013

DATE

Dr. Jálio Castro Caldas

02-05-2013

Dr. Nuno Melo

NAME Minister of National Defense of the XIV Government Constitutional President of the VH Parliamentary Committee of Camarate Tragedy Survey Minister for Foreign Affairs of the VI Government Constitutional

2:14/2013

Prof. Doctor Freitas do Amaral

19-02-2013

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Dr. António Lino Gonçalves Coelho, Chief Finance Inspector

27-02-2013

Finance Inspector

Dra. Maria da Conceição Ferreira Rodrigues, Dr. Belmiro Augusto Morais Dra. Maria da Conceição Ferreira Rodrigues

2:28:2013

Chief Finance Inspector Finance Inspector

March 14, 2013

+16 2015

Dr. João Gomes Miguel Reis Frederico Duarte de Carvalho Dr." Isahel Duarte

Farmer Director, in 1980, of the newspaper "Portugal Hoje" ex-journalist from Portugal Hoje" journalist widow of Celestino Amaral, journalist, in 1980, of "Portugal Hoje“ newspaper

Narch 20, 2013

24-04-2013

07-05-2013

05-05-2013

Fernando Farinha Simões Carlos Miranda Vítor Pereira José António dos Esteves

former Judicial Police Inspector

05/14/2013 OS 16/2013 521/2013 05 28 2013

Lieutenant- Colonel António Lencastre Bernardo Elza Simões Dr. Acácio José Azevedo de Brito Lieutenant Colonel Lencastre Bernardo

former Asilitary Deputy Director-General of Police Judiciary Fernando Farinha Simões's wife Witness former Military Deputy Director-General of Police Judiciary

06-06-2013 06-06-2013 07-06-2013

José Esteves Commander António Manuel Paula Living Penagulão

25-06-2013

6

7

José Esteves

25-06-2013

Former Judicial Police Inspector journalist al Jornal de Noticias

Carlos Miranda Gonçalves José da Cruz Marques Monteiro Rui Ochoa, Fernando Farinha Simões Commander Carlos Alberto d'Orey Juzarte Rolo Hernani Santos

06:28 2013 07:16 2013 7/17/2013 718/2013

former administrator of the Explosives factory in Trafaria, between 1978 and 1986 journalist and ſummer Information Director of RIP2 Former Judicial Police Inspector

Deputy State Secrelary for Budget VI Constitutional Government (1980-1981) of former Director of Explosivos da Trafaria

19-07-2013 7/24/2013

Pedro Amaral Prof. Dr. Rui Carp

10-10-2013

Commander Guilherme Almor de Alpoim Calvão Pedro Varanda de Castro

10/17/2013

10:22 2013

Dr. Laureano dos Santos

journalist former Coordinator of the Multidisciplinary Experts

10/24/2013

Dr. Fernando Lobo do Vale,

Dr." Conceição Rodrigues

Experts from the General Inspection of Finance

1030/2013

Dr." Ana Filipa Gonçalves Diana : Indringa

KTP journalist between 1978 and 1998

(1-11-2013

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Professor Duarte Nano Vieira Prof. Rosa Gouveia Dr. Joaquim Vieira General Loureiro dos Santos,

06-11-2013

07-11-2013

Isabel Mesquita Velga de Macedo,

11/14 2013

National Institute of Forensic Medicine and Sciences Forensics, IP journalist Minister of National Defense of the IV Government Constitutional Secretary of Mr. Dr. Francisco Sá Carneiro, in 1980, Chief of the General Staff of the Forces Armed Forces (CEMGFA) between March 1, 1984 and 8 March 1989 former Deputy Attorney General of the General of the Republic (retired) former Deputy Attorney General of the General of the Republic (retired)

General José Lemos Ferreira

11/20/2013

Dr. Ribeiro Afonso

11/28/2013

Dr. João Dias Borges

April 2015

NAME

DATE

Experts from the General Inspection of Finance

07-01-2015

Dr. Fernando Lobo do Vale Dr. Conceição Rodrigues Dr.* Ana Filipa Gonçalves Dr. Joaquim Gonçalves Paulo Condesso Franco, Herculano Lourenço Morgado Mário Jorge Coimbra Mendes Eduardo Dias da Costa Simões Flour José Esteves Carlos Miranda Colonel António Dellim Simões Oliveira March

EX- Judiciary Police Inspectors

07-01-2015

08-01-2015

Report of the examination of the wreckage of CESNA 421THE

7

8

Prof. Fag.Henrique Botelho de Miranda Annex 21 of the Report of the examination of the wreckage of the Prof. Eng. José Cavalheiro

CESNA 21-A Colonel João Santos Fernandes

Heard at your request Chief Inspector Francisco José Guerreiro

Former Judicial Police Inspectors da Silva Inspector Samuel Antunes Teixeira

04.04.2015

António Conceição Moura Mário Inácio Costa Dra. Inês Serra Lopes Conceição Monteiro

10-04-2015

Chief Inspector Commissioner Journalist Former Secretary of Prime Minister Francisco Sá Aries

Dr. João Múrias

+1+2015

Dr. José Manuel Anes Colonel António Delfim de Oliveira March Commander Georgino Silva Jim Hunt

Report of the examination of the wreckage of CESNA 421THE Aviator pilot Possible involvement of Frank Sturgis Lawyer

Alan Weberman

415 2015

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

+16:2015

Colonel António Gaspar Correia Vasco Robert Montez Prof. Diogo Freitas do Amaral Lieutenant Colonel José Bernardo do Canto e Castro Arminda Albuquerque Filipa de Melo and Castro Lavanchy

Member of the Revolution Council

21-04-2015

423.2015

Widow of Pilot Mário Albuquerque Secretary of the Minister of National Defense Adelino Amaro da Costa Former Judicial Police Inspector

Paulo Bernardino,

06/23/2015

Following requests made and at the initiative of the Commission, within the scope of the Inquiry Parliamentary Committee, carried out the following

No. Office Addressee

Subject matter

Response sent

to XCPITC

Dispatch of President

OBS

Sent

for

TC

know nie

Dra. Inês Serra

nto

53/2015

Collaboration request in order to authorize, for written, TVI to make it available il to the Commission.

Send copy or letter sent to RTP to be granted authorization for liſting the professional secrecy

Lopes

knowledge to Messrs. Members

Messrs. Members

in 1-62015

hearing fulfilled the 18-62015

57/2015

Dr. Duarte Figueiredo

Addition to letter no. 27/XCPITC / 2015, Botification under paragraph 3 of aricle 13 of Law no. 5193, of March 1, with the changes

introduced by Laws No. 126.97, of 10 December, and 15/2007, of April 3 to attend in the Assembly of the Republic, at 4:00 pm on the 9th of April 2015 in order to be heard in statements at

Returned letter by unknown at address

(at

sequence

contact

elep!

8

9

Sent

Sent certificats

for

that Survey Parliamentary Addition to letter no. 16 / XCPITC. 2015. notification under paragraph 3 of article 13 of Law no. 5:93, of March 1, with the changes

introduced by Laws No. 126:97, of 10 December, and 15 2007, of April 3 to attend in the Assembly of the Republic, at 7 pm on the 7th of April 2015 in order to be heard in statements at

TC

know me

nlo

56/2015

Nuno Moreira

doctor a Confirm inability to move to XCPITC

knowledge jo Messrs. Members

Messrs. Members

on 8+ 2015

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

MENE

that Survey Parliamentary Addition to letter no. 12 / XCPTC / 2014, in the sense photocopy must be provided of "letter 319. of 28Nov80, of $/ G of MNE and does attachments "as referred to within the framework of the correspondence sheet no 542, entry No. 678, 2Dez80, as well as copies of all the mentioned trades in sheets

in correspondence 542543 and 552553, the subject of which refers the embargo and for the arms exports to the Iran and Iraq (whose photocopies are attached). Addition to letter no. 11/ XCPITC! 2014, in the sense photocopy must be provided of "letter 319, of 28Nov80, of S : G of MNE and docs attachments “as referred to within the framework of the correspondence sheet no 542, entry No. 678, 2Dez80 , as well as copies of all offices referred to in matching sheets 542/513 and 552/553, whose subject refer to the embargo and / or arms exports for Iran and Iraq (whose photocopies if attached).

54/2015

MIDN

and

$3/2015

MENE

Addendum to Official Nr. 10/XCPITC/2014 44: XCPITC / 2015, in the sense information is provided

9

10

about any eventual general trade embargo, and specifically of mililary material, to and from Iraq siniring the 1980, namciy dates start and survey, as well as information on to determine the date of embargo lifting of arms to Iran, in the same

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

date.

52/2015

MDN

answer

of

MENE

de 166

2015: reports that

Addition to letter no. 9; XCPIEC 2014, in the sense information is provided about any eventual general trade embargo, and specifically of military material, to and from Iraq during the 1980, namely dates start and survey, as well as information on to determine the date of embargo liſting of arms to Iran, in the same date, Addendum to No. 05 / XCPITC/2014, in the sense whether the due diligences priorities taken I end up in sense of locating the checked documentation in points b) and c) of the letter No. 154 / XCPITC/2014, of 4 November 2013, referent

(The) lifting of the embargo arms sales to Iran, decided in January 1981 and (h) correspondence mentioned in the Audit to Accounts of the Office of the CEMGFA, at the period understood between the years from 1974 to 1981, with the entry number 677 and 678, of December 2 and 9, 1980 (page 218), and 42, of January 22, 1981 (page 223), as well as the correspondence involving

MDN, CEMGFA DNA and MNE / SG on material trade military with Iran - gave result and what was that

to

51/2015

MENE

to

requests referred have already been answered through the craft 154/ XCPITC/2013 and OS 2014 of XCPITC: “Despite of all the efforts developed, it was not possible get clements referring

al points b) and c) of of 154: Survey of embargo

in arms sale to Iran, decided in January 1981: Correspondence mentioned in Audit Accounts

of Cabinet

of CEMGFA,

al

at the

10

11

result

period understood between the years of 1974 to 1981, with the number of entry 677 and 678, of 2 and 9 of

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

December 1980 (page 218), and 12 out of 22 January 1981

(page 223), as well as The correspondence involving MDN CEMGFA DNA and MNE: SG on trade

in military supplies with Iran (in attachment)"

Sent for

know me

wake up

nto

S0/2015

Ministry of economy

no

Messrs. Members

on 29-5$

2015

49/2015

MENE

Addition to letter no. 152 / XCPITC / 2013, in which

VE's response: required that it be provided

on 5:19:2015:

TC indication, by the entities

informs that,

Knowledge airport airports

cm 10 Messrs. Portela, relating to all

conformation already Coordinator the movements (landings

s of and take-offs), on the night of 4 exist

the Parlamentare December 1980, between

records 18.00 and 24.00

requested. hours. Addition to letter no. 85 / XCPITC/2013, in which required the good offices of Your Excellency towards to make a request to the Embassy of States Linited States of America with a view obtaining information logging and Oliver's departures from Portugal North during the year 1980. Addendum to Official Nr. 170/XCPITCI 2013, 171/XCPITC/2013

and 172/ XCPITC/2013.

THE Commission requested The obtaining collaboration of the embassies of the states United States of America, the United Kingdom and the Federal Republic from Germany towards carry out the investigation facts and situations

48/2015

MENE

12

alleged by Femandu Simões flour.

Addition to lclter no.

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

MENE

46/2015

PAIR

gives

Delivered

copy of

52/XCPITC 2013, in which asked the Government to conducting a survey about the disappearance of dexcuments, dated 1980, related to the export of material war for Iran and the Iraq Request for extension of term and suspension of work Request for copy of preliminary report from General direction Civil Aeronautics on the causes of plane crash that on the night of 4 December in

1980 carving the Prime Minister Francisco Sá Carneiro, the Minister of National Defense, Adelino Amaro da Costa, and companions. presented at the meeting or Council of Ministers of 11 December 1980 Request to send this Commission, with the possible urgency, photocopy of "letter 319, of 28 November 1980 from SIG of the MNE and attached docs" as referred to in constant leaf frame letter No. 542 entry nº 678, 2De780 (photocopy attached).

Minister of Presidency and of Affairs Parliamentarians

46/2015

Report Submission on 5-5-2015

Report

to Messrs. Coordinator

ures

44/2015

MENE

Request for response to question "Do you remember the name of the vessel whose operation next to the Alcântara, at times of 1980, reported in his testimony to the Commission? What was this called ship? Remember some other detail about that

Dr. João

43/2015

Did not raise the f. 43/2015

gives XCPITC that by be leaving the Country say no remember the name from the ship

Murias

and

your

Vessel crew?"

42/2015

PAIR

Send copy of Deliberation CAE approved by X

12

13

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

MENE

Parliamentary Committee of Survey at the meeting that took place on April 15th 2015, sent to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Foreigners Sending the CAE Resolution approved by the X Commission Parliamentary Inquiry in the meeting that took place the day April 15, 2015, sent to the Ministry of Business Foreigners. Request to TVI, with urgency, sending the images, recorded in documentation cassette delivered by Dr. João Miguel Múrias Bessone Míauritti, in 1995, about how to processed the event Camarate, meetings preparatory, the authors morals and materials, the sketches of the plane and all the lists delivered, among others documents as well as statements

per si produced in the same occasion.

Was given know me It to RTP gives authorization the of

40/2015

TVI

Response to Or. 40 / XCPITC / 2015. Informa

what unknown

The delivery

in documentation and images by Mír. John Miguel Murias Bessone Mauritti.

RTP Summons secrecy professional journalists involved

get up nto

secrecy professional Tout of 3 journalists involved

39/2015

Colonel Anthony Gaspar belt

Call for hearing on 9.1.2015

Comparec me in the day and hour indicated

38/2015

General direction Reinsertion and Services Prisoners

Request for photixopy of identification card Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), of which he mentioned holder as well as the photocopy of the dedication handwritten by the Lord Henry Kissinger in the book that, in due time, you offered.

Response to craft 38 / XCPITC/2015. Informs that the inmate Fernando Simões Flour informed no disport

From documents requests but what will get them to Cooking soon you get them. A certificate appears on the Following declaration of said inmate:

"10 the Assembly and the Commission. The book from Kissinger I will photoenpy The page

gives dedication,

and

13

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

as soon as possible, I'll make it to X Commission. Fernando Farinha Simões

37/2015

MENE

Request that, through gives

collaboration gives Embassy of States United States of America Ordered, with urgency, the reliability of copy of a letter, dated September 27, 2013, deriving gives Central Intelligence Agency (CLA), addressed to Mr Alan Weberman in response to a letter of 4 July 2013. containing information about Mr. Fernando Flour Simões e José António Esteves.

36/2015

Prof. Doctor Diogo Freitas do Amaral

Call for bearing on 16-4-2015

Comparec er in the day and hour indicated Comparec er in the day and

Carlos Manuel Miranda

35/2015

Call for hearing on & +2015

hour

Goncalves

indicated

Call for hearing

34/2015

Prof. Doctor Diogo Freitas do Amaral

Responded, for cmail, requesting the postponement of hearing for the day 16-4-2015

Hearing changed for the day 16-1-2015

on 14.4-2015

33/2015

Dr. João Murias

Call for hearing on 14+2015

2015/2016

Dr. José Manuel Fanes

Call for hearing on 14+2015

2013/2015

Commander Georgino Silva

Call for hearing on 14-4.2015

Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated passed on

2015/2015

Conception Monteiro

Call for hearing on 10-2015

29/2015

Dr. João Murias

Call for hearing on 14-1-2015

28/2015

Dra. Inês Serra Lopes

Call for hearing on 9-2015

for day

10, the

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Dr. Duarte Figueiredo

Call for hearing on 9-1-2015

26/2015

Call for hearing on 9-+2015

23/2015

Agent Francisco José Warrior of Silva Agent Anthony Conception Moura Agent Samuel Antunes Teixcira

Call for hearing on 9-7-2015

requested from deponent No attend u on the day and hour indicated. Hearing rescheduled a for 18 6-2015 Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated

24/2015

Call for hearing on 9-2015

23/2015

Colonel John Saints Fernandes

Call for hearing on 8+2015

2015/2015

Prof. Eng. José Gentleman

Call for hearing on 8-+2015

21/2015

Prof. Henrique Botelho de Miranda

Call for hearing on 8+2015

contact

Colonci Oliveira

Send updated

Call for hearing

20/2015

on 8-+2015

March

Sent of 35 2015 a

19/2015

Managing Director Reinsertion and Services Prisoners

Carlos Call Manuel T. Miranda Gonçalves for hearing in day 84-2015

Informa

what Carlos Manuc) T. Miranda Goncalves

if finds

in regime freedom conditional

in

summon up for dia& 4-2015

18/2015

José Esteves

Call for hearing on 8-42015

Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour

Managing Director Reinsertion and Services

17/2015

Fernando's call Simões flour for hearing on 8+2015

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Prisoners

16/2015

Call for hearing on 7+2015

Nuno Moreira

indicated Scnt the to inform

He reported, for phone that

15

16

was

unable to

move.

Sent the. to give

contact

2015/2015

Inspector Eduardo Dias da Costa

Call for hearing on 7-7-2015

updated

Inspeto Mário Coimbra

14/2015

Call for hearing on 7.4.2015

Mendes

what, timely mind, will send attestation doctor Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated Compare me in the day and hour indicated Comparec me in the day and hour indicated

13/2015

Inspector Herculaneum Morgado

Call for hearing on 7-4-2015

Call for hcaring

12/2015

Inspector Countess Franco

on 7-1-2015

11/2015

Dr. Joaquim Goncalves

Call for hearing on 7-1-2015

10/2015

IGF

Hearing scheduling of Inspectors for the 7th 4-2015, following the presentation of the report Final on FDMU: - Dr. Fernando Lobo do Vale (Team Leader) - Dra. Conceição Rodrigues - Ana Filipa Gonçalves Restart information XCPTC activity on 7-4 2015

Comparec were in day and hour indicated

09/2015

PAIR

No

08/2015

Witness #2

Information that will be scheduled, in due course, hearing before XC-PITC

answered at address indicated Hearing fulfilled per videoconfe reference in day 21-+ 2015

07/2015

Major Canto and Castro

Inform that it is available to responded to XCPITC:

Information that will be scheduled, in due course, hearing before XCPITC

Informs that the

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

PGR

Attorney

Joaquim Contact request tor Dr.

Goncalves Joaquim

Gonçalves,

is in Ministry Magistrate

situation Public.

retired provides contact uplated

Comparec me at hearing chetken for dia7. 7.2015

in

and

16

17

Informa

what Maria Cecilia Quintanilha passed away on 7-12007

Service of

OS/2015

Registration Contributors

04/2015

Institute of Safety Social

Contact request for - Maria Cecilia Quintanilha, company secretary Trafaria explosives in 1980; - Dr. Joaquim Gonçalves, Ministry Magistrate Public. Contact request for - Maria Cecília Quintanilha, company secretary Trafaria explosives in 1980; - Dr. Joaquin Gonçalves Ministry Magistrate Public. Contact request for - Maria Cecilia Quintanilha, company secretary Trafaria explosives in 1980; - Dr. Joaquim Gonçalves, Ministry Magistrate Public.

Contactless

Deceased

03/2015

Institute of Records and Notary

Informs that no has elements about requested

Viewed by Messrs. Members on 3-1203/2015

Reinforcement of the shipping order following images Judgment of the STJ

RTP

2014

in

Secretary of the Council of

in

19/2014

Solicitation forwarding Written questions to Dr. Francisco Pinto Balsemão

Testimonial the received at XCPITC

state

Sent 1 DVD with images not displayed from tragedy

in Camarale Informs that the EC deliberated authorize

0 testimony by written Informs that the EC deliberated authorize

0 testimony by written Informs that the EC deliberated

uthorize testimony hy written

in

in

Secretary of the Council of

18/2014

Testimonial the received at XCPITC

statc

Solicitation forwarding Written questions to the Prof, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa Solicitation forwarding Written questions

the (ieneral Antonio Ramalho Eanes

in

in

Secretary of the Council of

17/2014

Testimonial the received at XCPITO

state

Ansivered

Dr. Francisco Chick

Question list submission

16/2014

on 13-1

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Balsemão

in writing

2015

Prof. Marcelo Rebellion of

15/2014

Question list submission in writing

Answered on 7-12015

Sousa

General Ramalho

14/2014

Question list submission in writing

Eanes

13/2014

Answered on 23-012015 Viewed by Messrs. Members on 3-12

Request to send images following Judgment of the STJ

RIP

Sent 1 DVD with images not displayed from tragedy

in

17

18

Camarate

2014

12/2014

MNE

11/2014

MDN

10/2014

MINE

Request to send to Photocopy commission of "letter 319, of 28Nov&0, of MNES G and attached docs" request to send to Photocopy commission of "letter 319, of 28Nov80, of MNESG and attached docs", Information Request on possible embargo of arms to Iran and Iraq Information Request on possible embargo of arms to Iran and Iraq Requesting the names of Direction elements that organism Police in 1980 and 1981, with specification of the respective positions": Copy of. n. 3 sent to MNE Copy of. n. 3 sent to MNE

9/2014

MDN

Sent

8/2014

PJ

Send names of directors, according requested

to Messrs. Congressperson on 03-122015

7/2014

filed

M. Defense National M. Subjects Parliamentarians

6/2014

Filed

Answered on

answer

of

Insist with the MNE on to determine whether the diligences that then transcribe, gave result and what was that result:

"In response to the request this Parliamentary Group in the sense of obtaining information arms sales embargo 10 Iran, enacted in 1980, lifting it embargo in January 1981

MENE from 16-62015: reports that the

request referred have already been answered: namely to

craft 154. XCPITC/2013 and 05:2014 of XCPITC: Despite TC To Messrs. of all the

Coordinator efforts

$ of Groups developed.

Parlamentare it was not possible s, which should

on

Copy of craft delivered in hand

10 lessrs.

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

MNE

Members Coordinator pray in the day 8 of January 2015

and mail order related, refers to in GMENE 006123, of 2013-11-22 (which we attach along with on craft original), that "as for requests in the subparagraphs b) and c), that have already been promoted priority steps in the sense of locating the documentation marked on Your office, in order to satisfy orders on it constant".

get elements

have in referring

at attention o points b) and c) of referred to in of. 154:

2nd puragraph Surycy of

of the present embargo in craft. arms sale to Iran, decided in January 1981; Correspondence mentioned in Audit

al Accounts

of Cabinet

of CEMGFA, period

at the

18

19

understood between the years of 1974 10 1981, with the number of entry 677 and 678 of 2 and 9 of December

in 1980

(page 218), and 42 out of 22 January 1981

(page 223), as well as The correspondence involving MDN CEMGFA / DNA and MNE SG on trade

in military supplies with Iran (in attachment);

Council of

Hearing Dr. Francisco Pinto Balsemão.

4/2014

Authorization of testimony by written

state

Addition to the official letter 179 / XCPITC/2013, or 6 January 2014 that forwarded the Minutes of the meetings no. 16 and 31, of May 7 and 17 of July, 2013, respectively, in which reproduced are statements by the deponent Fernando Farinha Simões before the X Commission of

3/2014

MNE

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Padiamentary inquiry Camarate Tragedy we break down the pages containing the imputations related to citizens or agents of State entities United States of America, the United Kingdom and the Federal Republic from Germany Request for access to confidential documents

The process was

sent by TRL Lifting the secret

to the STJ on 24+ professional and delivery of

2014 images

requested, STJ: Sending of brought by RTP - Rádio e Summary decision Televisión de Portugal, SA

without lifting / Breach of confidentiality (RTP images)

2/2014

PAIR

182/2013

Court of Relation of Lisbon - 3rd Section

Sent to Messrs. Members Coordinator ores in 22-102011

19

20

According with information

181/2013

Dr. Fernando Sending the Opinion of Wolf Of The Valley, Commission Constitutional Head of

36:81 and Res. 274/81 and DL Team of

S1880

telephone of the Chief of the Team IGF, the report will stay ready on end of month of March of 2017

IGF experts

2 - the Judgment of the TRL was

sent to

$

180/2013 RTP

Sending a copy of the Judgment of the Court of Appeal of Lisbon

TC 1. to Messrs. Coordinator s of Groups

Parlamentare RTP reports that filed an appeal 2. Request the for the STJ

RTP as images, alluch fo request the Judgment of the

TRL MNE requests shipping

TC to Messrs. in

an

Coordinator formulation of

s of Groups

RTP by Services of AR (Division of support

at

Commissions )

Sent

Ministry of

Business

179/2013 Foreigners Deponent statements (US Embassics, United Kingdom

lo Messrs. Coordinator

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

United Kingdom and Germany)

Parlamentare

(Boss of Cabinet)

ores in 21-03.

2014

issues that the XCPITC intends see clarified TRL reports that was

issued Judgment for RTP deliver

at images of plane crash on +12-1980

Sent

for

Court of Relation of Lisbon

TC to Messrs. Coordinator s of Groups Parlamentare

to Messrs. Coordinator

178/2013

Application lifting secret professional (RTP - Images)

ores in

21-033

2014

On 03:18:2014 the TRL reports that was admitted resource brought by RTP

177/2013 PAR

Letter to SEXA PAR requesting suspension of work of the Commission. Request for identification of "Witness

nº?" deponent at the VIII Commission Parliamentary Inquiry Camarate tragedy

176/2013 PAR

FRIDAY dispatch PAR to authorize the access

The documentation classified

20

21

175/2013

Minister of Justice

Sending legal copy addressed to the National Director of the Judiciary Police, sent per it is Commission Parliamentary Inquiry Camarate tragedy. Request to send to Commission as a maller of urgency copy of original reports histological exams subscribed by said on that date and together

Inquiry Preliminary, on April 1 ! 1983.

On 7-1-2014, the PJ sent of. The

Director

174/2013

National Police Judiciary

request extensiou of deadline for shipment Irom exams histological

to

Request, under the terms of deliberation of the plenary of Commission, for conservation from the plane wreckage victim (who carried the Prime Minister, Dr. Francisco Sá Carneiro, the Minister of Defense, Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa de anong other passengers and crew)

what are deposited in the

answer

of Ministry

gives Justice; Send information Cabinet

of Secretary

in State of Culture (SEC)

on destiny to give to wreckage

gives aircraft, getting TC SEC available TO Messrs. to receive the doc. concerning

Sent

Judge President of the Court Judicial County of Loures

173/2013

to Messrs. Members

if

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

au port hangar Lisbon, by the end of operation

this Parliamentary Committee of Survey, expected to will take place in February next year.

to

Sent

to Messrs.

Deponent Statements Fernando Farinha Simões - US Embassy

172/2013

Coordinator

ores in

21-03$

process "Camarate" (52 volumes and 221 Friendship except for vols. 50 to 52). How much wreckage, MNE requests shipping

TC 10 Messrs. in

an

Coordinator formulation of

s of Groups issues that the

Parlamentare XCPITC intends see clarified MNE requests shipping

TC to Messrs. in

an

Coordinator formulation of

s of Groups issues that the

Parlamentare XCPTC intends see clarified MNE requests shipping

TC to Messrs. in

Coordinator formulation of

s of Groups issues that the

Parlamentare XCPITC intends see clarified Informs that the process

it is available to

171/2013

Ministry of Business Foreigners

Deponent Statements Fernando Farinha Simões - United Kingdom Embassy

2014 Sent to Messrs. Coordinator ores in 21-032014

S

Sent

an

to Messrs. Coordinator

170/2013

Deponent Statements Fernando Farinha Simões - Embassy of Germany

ores in

s

21-032014

169/2013

Attorney Adjunct of the Court

Application for authorization consultation with the 93.83 survey -B

Sent of with

names of

21

22

Judicial

Query

advisors

GP

County of Ociras

It gives notice that, in President of the Commission, directed Office No. 167 XCPITC/2013, of 13 November - which is allached - the Hon. Afr. Director National gives Police Judiciary.

Minister of Justice

168/2013

Response to the of. 167 XCPTIC / 2013 whal forwarded all does, what integrate

O booty

gives Commission

at the regarding the Case José Moreira and Lifemate": inform that you are going to proceed

The

Sending to DNP) all documents that integrate the our estate, with regard part of the process that

Director

Sent to Messrs. Members

National

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Police Judiciary

We call Case José Moreira and Companheira" (Attachments).

Coordinator ores in 66-2014

revaluation

gives investigation of José's death Moreira

and Lifemale; On 7-1-2014, the PJ sent of. The request extension of deadline for shipment From exams histological Response to the letter 166 XCPITC: 2013 (request for appreciation urgent

through the AttorneyGeneral

gives Republic,

at the sense reassessment of "Case

Joseph Moreira

and Lifemate" with the inherent determination of diligences that if impose and that bc

still possible

in accomplish, WC cool plans and

gives

166/2013

SearcherGeneral of Republic

Sending to PGR all documents that integrate the our estate, with regard to part of the process that we call "Case José Moreira and Companheira ". (Attachments).

22

23

material. Like mode, it is requested explanation for accurrence

in

errors Apparently so stark in interpretation and evaluation From medical evidence legal, and other elements in material pool for explanation of Joseph's death Moreira

and Lifemate. Infocentral the subdeserved the bese ditention

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

and will be subject to analyze

Nothing to object

Scarcher

Request for. Messrs. Ministry inspectors Dr. Ribeiro Afonso and Dr. João Dias Borges appear before this Commission of Inquiry, for effect of carrying out hearing, at a date yet to be

TC TO Messrs. Coordinator

165/2013

General of Republic

Hearing ſulfilled on the 28th 11-2013

S

wake up.

in

Director National Police

164/2013

Request for Agents from Judicial Police Herculano, Paulo Franco and Mário Coimbra

Mendes appear before the Commission of Inquiry, for effect of carrying out hearing, at a date yet to be

Response to the letter 164/XCPTC2013 (request for that Agents of the PJ Herculano, Paulo Franco and Mario Coimbra Mendes attend towards

it is Commission Inquiry, for It is made

in achievement in hearing on date still waking up following the new registration data relating to circumstances involved in deaths of the Lord José Moreira (José Manuel da Silva Moreira)

and Lifemate

TC TO services

Judiciary

wake up

23

24

(Elisabete gives Piedade Silva) COMMUNICATES THAT THE REFERRED AGENTS

SE FIND IN SITUATION IN RETIRED AND INDICA RESPECTIVE ADDRESSES Response to the letter 163 XCPITC 2013 (request for availability identification

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

for

gives

For

Solicitation availability identification of all Agents involved in investigation of the deaths of Mr. José Moreira and Companion, occurred in 1983, in Carnaxide.

Director National Police Judiciary

163/2013

schedule before auditions

of all the Agents involved

at investigation of deaths of the Lord José Moreira and Lifemate, occurred

in 1983, Carnaxide). INFO ABOUT NAMES AND ADPREESES KNOWIEBENDEN AGENTS INVOLVED BY INVESTIGATION

162/2013

General José We read Ferreira

Hearing fulfilled

Request to appear d towards The Commission Parliamentary in order to be heard on hearing, on next November 20 2013, Wednesday at 15.00 hours, Altendance request before the commission Parliamentary in order to be heard at the hearing next 1701 November 2013, Thursday al 10.30 am in the room 1, at the São Bento Palace.

161/2013

Dr. Maria Isabel Veiga from Macedo

Hearing fulfilled

160/2013 PAR

Transeript of the minutes of X Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry into the Tragedy of Camarate.

They are transcribed all minutes of auditions

159/2013 PAR

Hearing of deponents through videoconference

DISPATCH IN FRIDAY PAR (243 XCPITCI 2013)

24

25

158/2013 PAR

IGF-Charges associated with audit (IGF) requested by the X Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry into the Tragedy of Camarate INMLCF

Charges associated with the reassessment of slides and study blocks histological - Eng. José Moreira and Companion requested by the X Conimission Parliamentary Inquiry

157/2013 PAR

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Camarate tragedy

an

Sent

DG

156/2013

Reinsertion and Services Prisoners

to Messrs. Members on 2-122013

Response to the of.

156 XCPITC/2013 Request for information on

reports that the TC sense of knowing possibility

Knowledge Spanish citizen in

Ramón Francisco fo small delegation of

Amau Nuez no longer Mr. Coordinates members of parliament

is trapped

pains of Commission, carry out a

in Portugal and that Groups visit to the prisoner concerned,

was delivered to Parlamentare Mr. Ramón Francisco

Cabinet Arnau Nues.

National

gives

Interpol. Request for information on: Arms sale embargo Iran, enacted in 1980); Lifting the embargo arms sales to Iran, decided in January 1981; Correspondence mentioned in the Audit to Accounts of the Office of the CEMGFA, at the period understood between the years from 1974 to 1981, with the entry number 677 and

Informs that no 678, of December 2 and 9,

TC

it was possible lo obtain 1980 (page 218), and -12, of

TO Messrs.

elements January 22, 1981

Coordinator referring

at (page 223), as well as the

s of Groups

points b) and c) of correspondence

Parlamentare

request involving

MDN

Commission CEMGFA DNA and MNE SG on material trade military with Iran (in attachment); Official Notice Note, published at the

newspaper "Portugal Hoje”, from 12 November 1980, where it is said that the Government authorized authorize, ary sale of armament or ammunition Portuguese to Iran and,

Sent

Minister of

155/2013

Subjects Parliamentarians

to Messrs. Members on 81. 2014

gives

.

nor

would go

25

26

well so the process administrative annex with the issue of that note. It is essential that the Government do locate and immediately send to this Committee of luquiry

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

in

reference and, well, if necessary, order strict urgent inquiry as to its eventual deviation

and disappearance. Request for information on: Accepts reception Arms sale embargo

of Iran, enacted in 1980;

of. 154/XCPITC/20 Lifting the embargo

13, which deserved the arms sales to Iran,

better attention. decided in January 1981;

to transmit Correspondence

Following: mentioned in the Audit to

4. As for lhe Accounts of the Office of the request CEMGHA, at the period documentation understood between the years constant

gives from 1974 10 1981, with the point (a), refer enry number 677 and

if for the craft 678, of December 2 and 9,

Sent

fur 1980 (page 218), and 42, of

Cabinet

of January 22, 1981

Minister (page 223), as well as the

of State and correspondence

Business involving

MDN Forcigners to X CEMGFA / DNA and MNE I SG Commission on material trade

Parliamentary military with Iran (in

Inquiry

TheTC to Messrs. attachment);

Tragedy

in Members Official Notice/ Note,

Camarate, with n. published

at the

newspaper 003153, from 24 "Portugal Hoje", from 12

June 2013, November 1980, where it is

that joins in said that the Government

attachment; authorized

would go As for the authorize, any sale of

requests armament or ammunition

contained in the Portuguese to Iran and,

points b) and c), well so the process

inform that administrative annex with the were

already issue of that note.

promoted It is essential that the

diligences Government do locate and

priority

at the immediately send to this

sense

in Committee of Inquiry

to locate

The documentation

in documentation reference and, well,

checked

at the if necessary, order

Your office, for strict urgent inquiry

in order to satisfy as to its eventual

the orders in it

154/2013

Minister of Business Foreigners

Sent to Messrs. Members on 2-122013

nor

26

27

and constants:

deviation disappearance.

6.

THE

documentation

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

requested in d) is attached

to

gift

craft.

по

on:

at

153/2013

Minister of Defense National

answer of. 153: XCPITC 20

13: informs that Request for information on:

Were Arms sale embargo

found Iran, enacted in 1980:

documents Lifting the embargo arms sales to Iran,

Embargo

in decided in January 1981;

arms sale Correspondence

to Iran, decreed mentioned in the Audit to

in 1980); Accounts of the Office of the

Survey of CEMGFA, at the period

embargo

in understood between the years

arms sale from 1974 to 1981, with the

to Iran, decided entry number 677 and

in January 678, of December 2 and 9,

1981; 1980 (page 218), and 42, of

Correspondence January 22, 1981

mentioned in (page 223), as well as the

Audit correspondence

Accounts

of involving

MDN, Cabinet

of CEMGFA / DNA and MNE: SG

CEMGFA,

at the on material trade

period military with Iran (in

understood attachment);

between the years of Official Notice Note,

1974 to 1981, with published at the

newspaper

the number of “Portugal Hoje“, from 12 November 1980, where it is

entry 677 and

678, of 2 and 9 of said that the Government

December in authorized,

would go

(page authorize, any sale of

218), and 42 out of 22 armament or ammunition

January Portuguese to Iran and,

1981 (page well so the process

223), as well as administrative annex with the

The issuc of that note.

correspondere It is essential that the

involving MDN Government do locate and

CEMIGFA: DNA and immediately send to this

MNE: SG on Committee of Inquiry

trade

in documentation

in

military supplies reference and, well, if necessary, order

with Iran (in

attachment); strict urgent inquiry

Press Release Not as to its eventual

The Qidce deviation

and published

at the disappearance.

newspaper "Portugal Today" of 12 November

in

Seni fu Messrs. Members on 2-122013

nor

9980

27

28

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

where it is said that the government not authorized nor would l authorize,

any sale

weapons or ammunition Portuguese for Iran and, well so, the process administrative attachment with cmission of that Rote. It is indispensable that the government do locate and submit

in immediate to this Commission in Inquiry

The documentation in reference and well so being required order strict urgent inquiry as for your eventual deviation disappearance.

and

Minister of

152/2013

Informs that no there are records with information of movements requested

Sent to Messrs. Members on 11-092013

economy

President of the Institute

Request for nomination by airport entities of the Portela Airport, relating to all movements (landings and take-offs) on the night of 4 December 1980, between 18.00 and 24.00 that day. Hearing of Prof. Doctor Duarte Nuno Vicira and Mrs. Prof. Female doctor Henriques de Gouveia, de according to the established over the phone, next 5th of november 2013, Tuesday at 10.30 hours at the Palace of São Bento, in Lisbon Response to request for address infomation by José Esteves

rose

151/2013

National Medicine Cool and Sciences

bearing ſulfilled on date indicated

at the

Forensics

Searcher

150/2013

Adjunct

fur

149/2013

President of the Court of Relation of Lisbon

Application lifting secret professional

Response to the of. TC 149: XCPITC/2013 1 - TO Messrs. : Judgment of the Coordinutor Court

gives of Groups Lisbon Relationship Parlaunenure

28

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

S;

so that RTP delivered to XCPTC the images in gross requested with breaking professional secrecy

Ask the RTP as images, attach to request the gift Accordion

Request to listen on stateret de experts et ap for the final audit to the Overseas Military Defense for, following the accreditation process mentioned in the letter of that General Inspection - 2095 - 1507-2013

Proc. 2013 154 AS938, information about the point of situation of referred process.

Inspector General of Finance

148/2013

Hearing scheduled for 3010-2013

for

Response to the of. 147: XCPITCI 2013

gives

President of Commission Wallet Professional Journalist

Sent to Messrs. Members

147/2013

Request for the Commission gives Wallet Journalist Professional examine the referred documents towards evaluate the possibility of be made available to Commission members Parliamentary, for consultation

Informs that it is understanding of Secretariat of Commission Wallet Professional Journalist (CCPJ)

TC 10 Messrs. whal,

Members regarding published texts and signed by journalist already deceased,

Dr. Celestino Amaral, don't put yourself any question, because they are from public domain

on 6-112013

Dr. Carlos

146/2013

Call for Dr. Carlos Macedo provide testimony before this Parliamentary Committee of Survey on 18 October 2013 at 15.00 hours

confirmed

Canceled

Macedo

Director-General of the Cabinet

in

145/2013

Call for 10r. Rui Carp testify before this commission Parliamentary Inquiry in the on October 10, 2013, at 6.30 pm

Planning Strategy Evaluation and Relations

condimet

Hearing anticipated

o the 17h00

29

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

International

144/2013

Commander Alpoim Calvão

Hearing fulfilled on date indicated

143/2013

Eng. Pedro Balcony and Castro

Icaring postponed for 2210-2013

Commander

Changed for 17142/2013

Alpojm Calvão

10-2013

MAY 141/2013

Call for hearing Your Excellency, if possible, on the day October 17, 2013,

confirmed Thursday at 6 pm at the São Bento Palace, in Lisbon. Call for hearing on October 15, 2013, Tuesday, 16.00 hours at the Palace of São

confirmed Bento, in Lisbon, for what contact was established prior. Call for hearing on Oclober 8, 2013,

confirmed Tuesday at 10.30 am. Contact request nationality etizen American

William Hasselberg (who, in time, exercised functions at Embassy of States United States of America Lisbon).

Response to the of

140 / XCPITC/2013 Contact request

iaforms thal no nationality citizens

70 American

i will be possible at William

To Messrs.

authorities Hasselberg (who, in time,

Coordinator

american exercised functions

provide

s of Groups Embassy of States

Parlamentare

information about United States of America

the whcrcabouts of rebon). .

US citizens

Americans. Request to send to Commission members to copy of the interview he had held in 1975 in Madrid,

to Sir Commander Alpoim Calvão, being that it had published by "Jornal", with the title "I will eat the French toast”, in following the 19. 7-2013 Reinforcement to proceed with

TC a rcassessment and reanalysis of the blades and blocks of the

- copy 10

Messis.

Sludy submission histological study carried out

listological

Members and during autopsies of the

(reply to ofs. Family members Eng. José Moreira and

108 XPTC 2013 and Victims in order to

140/2013 MNE

at

$

139/2013

Hernani Saints

Sent lo Messrs. Members on 17-20Prof. Duxtor Duarte Nuno Vicira

138/2013

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

produce an explanation

138. XPITC 2013 clear and reasoned to the worrying results

foservices

2013

payment

30

31

obtained in 1983.

137

DX Reinsertion and Services Prisoners

Response to the of. 137 / XCPITC/2013 : informs about the situation of the inmate Ramon Arnau Nuez

Request for Information urgent about the situation of the Mr. RAMÓN-FRANCISCO ARNAU DE LA NUEZ, citizen of the Canaries, bearer of Identity card Spanish - DNI nº 42.828.266, Order reinforcement made through

of

n.of. 52/XCPITCI 2013: nos

and disappearance

in information export of material war for Iran and the Iraq

Or

136/2013

Minister of Presidency and of Affairs Parliamentarians

On

Response to the of. 135: XCPITC/2013

- Identification of listing

in visitors

to recluse

Carlos Manuel

T. Miranda Gonçalves, at your stay

at the Establislunent Prison

in Coimbra, despite of the same having been closed in 2009 (from according to Official No. 76-18 DSEMIPL, of 21-05-2013, addressed to Hon. Mr. Head of Sua Office Excellence

The Minister

gives Justice). - Identification of listing

in visitors

to inmate Fernando

Reinforcement - Addendum to 11.of.

124/XCPITC 2013: reiterates

request in listing information of visitors to prisoners Carlos MT Miranda, al EPCoimbra and Fernando Four Simões, in Vale de Jews.

EM 1-102013, Thc MJ informed that the order was Torward hado à

Minister of

135/2013

Justice

GRSP

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

at the

Flour Simões, at your stay Establishment Vale Prison of Jews.

31

32

answer

Dr. Luís

134/2013

Questionnaire submission

deceased

Fontoura

phone in 2009-2013, stating thal if

finds hospitalized, there months but that will answer the requested through the Commission, therefore get high hospital.

Communicate to reception of photos to Messrs. Members TC

for Send information

knowledge address

to Messrs. Lieutenant Colonel Canto e Castro:

Deputies in FIRST

Fernando

133/2013

Flour

Relvrning photographs sent to the X Commission Parliamentary Inquiry Camarate tragedy

Simões

On

132/2013

Caixa Geral de Retirements

Request for indication of Ten.Coronel's address Canto e Castro, or other contact available at CGA

MEETING OF Commission TC

For

Send address of Lieutenant Colonel

131/2013

Institute of Mobility and From Transportation

Request for indication of Ten.Coronel's address Canto e Castro, or other contact available on Institute

Canto e Castro

knowledge to Messrs. Deputies in FIRST MEETING OF COMMISSION

TC

Institute of Records and Notary

Request for indication of Ten.Coronel's address Canto e Castro, or other contact avajlable on Institute of Records and Notary

130/2013

Send information on

address Lieutenant Colonel Canto e Castro

knowledge to Messrs. Members

Hearing fulfilled

129/2013

InspectionGeneral of Finances

Alteration of the hearing of Inspectors from 23 10 2+0+ 2013

on 7:24

2013

Dr. Luís

To coniment on the reporter's statements Miguel Rcis at the hcaring that

128/2013

deceased

Fontoura

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

tee place on 4'16'2013

email from

127/2013

Pedro Balcony of Castro

Call for hearing on 247-2013, at 10:30

You are in Coreigner not having still date for return

answer sent to lesers. Members on 724 2013

126/2013

Inspector Pedro Amaral Director of Unity of

Call for bearing on the next 24-07-2013. Request for information on the contact of Inspector Pedro

hearing fulfilled Hearing effected

125/2013

Informs that Mr. Advisor

in

32

33

Resources

on 7/24

2013

Human and Relations Public Dr. Ilda Pação Police Judiciary

Amaral, in order to provide

Investigation testimony before this

Criminal,

Dr. Commission, on the 24th

Pedro Maria July 2013, Wednesday

Santos e Silva de at 10.30 am on the

Amaral is São Bento Palace in

if in the situation of Lisbon. In case you don't

retired, be able to allend the

since date indicated, want 06:01 2006, inform us

gives your by having it is availability to gather

Unit tried with the Commission by the end contact you through next week.

of

cell phone, diligence it is who didn't success; the address existing in this Unit, to date of Retirement Mr Advisor Investigation Criminal is the next: Rua da Eira Velha, no. 15 -RC-2795076 LINDA-AOLD.

was To Messrs.

Minister of

124/2013

To request from the Directorate-General for Services Prisoners the identification of listing of visitors to inmate Carlos Miranda when staying at regional establishment of Coimbra (although the even having been terminated in 2009. it is understood of Parliamentary Groups PSD and CDS that the sequested registralivu will liave to exist) Request to send this

Informs that the subject matter forwarded for the DG of Reinsertion Prison Services

Justice

Members

Sent for and7/24/2013

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

+ 18

That

123/2013

Police Judiciary

The Commission, as a matter of urgentes, confidential documentation

Send copy of what, second

"Documentation institution is

Confidential deposited in the collection

Proc' Camarate" of this Police, through the guide in deposit 15-1.920 inserted in the records in the Orth volume, pages 2143". I send this commission, with

On 07:25. 2013. urgency copy of all

Response to Or. process

relative to 122 XCPITC! 2013 Camarate process,

repons that the namely

to subject matter was process in which the

forwarded

Sent

Court

to Messrs. Members on 07:262013

Judicial County of

122/2013

Loures

33

34

fall investigation in Camarate, from the plane that carrying the Prime Minister, Dr. Francisco Sá Carneiro, the Minister of Defense, Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa among others passengers and crew.

for knowledge and appreciation to Mm Head judge of the process. Clarifies that it is in agreement with the position that the said judge come to take. Judge's response on 07/31/2013: (Criminal Judges and in

Small Criminal Court Loures) informs that gifts records

are 52 compounds vol. And more 221 vol. Joined. O:

121/2013 Rui Ochoa

Requesting copies of photographs taken on day + 12-1980, at the Camarate accident

Infomos that after consulted

0

Solicitation availability of address in London, by Míajor José Bernardo do Canto e Castro and information about existence of mandate judicial national international

Minister of Defense National

EMFA, Lieutenant gives Colonel Joseph

TC Bernardo

1-To Messrs. Canto e Castro

Deputies; finds

at

2-Request the retirement since 31CG pensions ij 12-1992,

Lieutenantor not knowing

Colonel if your current

receive address

and

Shipping to Messrs. Members

120/2013

on 19-072013

same person,

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

any court order national International Informs that ofs.

were

to

resent gives National Director gives

Police Judiciary.

Minister of

Solicitation availability of address, in London, by Major José Bernardo do Canto e Castro and information about existence of mandate judicial national international same person.

Sent to Messrs. Members in

119/2013

Justics

and

or

PJ informs about location mandate detention (entry 197)

in

9.11.2013

TC

TO Messrs. Members

8/13 2013entry 205: PJ : informs about

34

35

existence

in gåndency in mandate

ip national detention major Canto e Castro Informs that it was sent of. The our Embassy

in London with gives

knowledge 10 DG Affairs and Communities Portuguese: On 09:23 2013: informs that the citizen José Bernardo do Canto e Castro have pending mandates in European catch and International

Solicitation availability of address in London, by Major José Bemardo do Canto e Castro and information about existence of mandate judicial national international

Minister of State and Business Foreigners

118/2013

OT

same person.

DG of

Request to be the presence of Fernando Farinha Simões to give testimony to the closed door, before this Commission on the 17th July 2013 at the Palace of São Bento, in Lisbon, armed

117/2013

Réinsertion and services Prisoners

Hearing fulfilled on 17-072013

in

documentation that is understood as relevant.

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Information

on

The extension of the deadline functioning of the Commission and the suspension of this period in period

understood between 24 July and 1 October 2013. In

Response to Of

TC following this in the

116/ XCOPITC/201

1 Copy to letter 63 / XCPITC/2013, of

3: informs that the

Messrs. 07-05-2013, and respective

team

svas

deputies; Inspector General allached, it is necessary to request

accredited by 116/2013

2- Notify of Finance clarification on the

EMGFA

at

the Messrs constraints what week of 15-07Inspectors can to tease at 2013, having already

for listening final audit to the

started yours

urgent Overseas Military Defense

works. (FDMU) which is be carried out by the experts designated by InspectionGeneral Finance and on the state of play of

said audit. 115/2013 Secretary of the Request for Response to of.s

Hearing scheduled for 2307-2013

35

36

Council of

19/ XCPTC/2013

state

shid

115/ XCPITC: 2013

submut the sabject to State Council, in the pursuant to Article 2 (2) 12 of its Rules of Procedure, sense of deliberating about the necessary authorization so that the Lord General, as a member of Council, can provide testimony before the Committee of Inquiry, at a meeting to be scheduled soon, and that will have place in the Palace of São Bento, in Lisbon.

request authorization for installment in testimony by written,

From Gentlemen Advisers State General António Ramalho Eanes and Prof. Doctor Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa.

Secretary of the Council of

Request to become submit the subject to Council of State, in the sense of deliberating about the necessary authorization so that the lord General, as a member of Council, can provide testimony before the Conmittee of Inquiry at a meeling to be scheduled soon, and that will have place in the Palace of São

Response to of.s 114: XCPITC/2013 and 115 XCPITC: 2013 : request authorization for installment

in testimony by written,

From Gentlemen Advisers State General António Ramalho Eanes and Prof.

1112013

state

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Bento. in Lisbon.

and

TC

andło communicute

Doctor Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa. Informs that no there are records of movements (landings take-offs) (landings take-offs) Airport Francisco Aries, on the 4th December 1980, among 09.00 hours and 23.00 hours.

Request that, with urgency, be provided indication of movements (landings and take-offs) at the airport Francisco Sá Carneiro, on the December 4. 1980, between 9.00 am and 23.00 hours.

Minister of Economy and Job

113/2013

to Messrs.

Coordinator þá s of Groups

Parlamenture

$

Request to be urgently required with the Judiciary Police the statements from the various witnesses questioned in the scope of the investigation of death of Eng. José Moreira, occurred in 1983.

Acknowledging the reception of

of.

TC 112 / XCPITC: 2013

To Messrs. : request

Members statements of witnesses in the

Messrs. scope

gives

Members investigation of

on 7131 death of Eng

2013 José Moreira and

Minister of Administration Internal

Sent to

112/2013

reyuests that the

36

37

same

be

to

forwarded Ministry gives Justice for itself deal with matter of competence of that Alinistry informs that ofs. resent National Director gives Police Judiciary. Reiterates information through of (entry 197)

were

Sent to

Request to be urgently required with the Judiciary Police the statements from the various witnesses questioned in the scope of the investigation of death of Eng. José Moreira, cxccurred in 1983,

Minister of Justice

111/2013

Messrs. 813.2013

Members input 205 XCPITC / 2013

9111/2013 : PJ:

reiterates information

without retum ol

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

to gives

Process Court County Ociras and

in

Minister of Defense

Request to be referred to this Commission complete list of members of the former Minister of Defense, Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa, proceeding if necessary, to consultation of-the payroll of respective members of the cabinet.

110/2013

National

Members on 16-072013

Informs that the ADN is not holder

gives information requested (listing

TC TO Messrs. complete From

Members members

of Former office Minister

gives Defense, Adelino Amaro da Coast informs that ofs. Have been resent to

Director

TC National

gives

To Messi's. Judiciary Police.

Members

Eng.

109/2013

Minister of Justice

Urgent request with the Judiciary Police identification of two agents mentioned by the Lord José António dos Santos Esteves (in hearing performed before this Committee of Inquiry) as having witnessed a meeting he had at Judiciary Police in 1980, with the names of Agent Modesto and Agent Paulo. More was required that, in the in case there is more than

8/13/2013 input 205/ XCPTTC 2013

send

1 PJ: information about "Agent Modest "Agent Haules

and

37

38

an Agent Paulo, or known as Agente Paulo, indication of all agents who have the said name in principle, in the middle, or at the end of name).

Information about Agente Pauto" and "Agent Modest"

Prof. Dr. Duarte Nuno

Request to proceed reassessment and reanalysis of the slides and histological study blocks cavsied out at the time of autopsies of Eng. José Moreira and companion, in order to produce a explanation clear reasoned for worrying

results obtained in 1983.

108/2013

Vicira

and

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

FRIDAY dispatch Request for extension of

PAIR term and suspension of XCFIQC serik

RAR 110 2013, 5-7.

107/2013 XCPITC

Inspector March Monteiro

106/2013

2013 Confrontation fulfilled on date intended i

Call for services testimony before the Commission, on 06:28 2013, at 2 pm.

105/2013 The applicant

Confrontation fulfilled on date intended

Call

José dos

idem

104/2013

Santos Esteves

Confrontation fulfilled

103/2013

Director-General Reinsertion and Services Prisoners

on date

intended

Call for services testimony before the Commission, on (16:27 2013, at 6 pm.

for confrontation with Mr. Carlos Miranda Gonçalves, on the 25-06-2013, at 10h30. Solicitation for

what arrange for the presence of Sir Carlos Miranda Gonçalves for confrontation with Mr. José Esteves, at 25 06 2013, at 10:30 am. Addendum to the Call addressed to the Lord General Eanes branch to testify before XCPTTC (amendment articulated) Call addressed to Mr. General Ramalho Eanes to testify before the XCPITC Request to he required to the files of the former secret police RDA, STASI, any information related to

102/2013

General Ramalho Eanes

General Ramalho

101/2013

No effect

Eanes

Informs that it was

sent

Note

100/2013

Minister of State and Business Foreigners

Verbal for Emb. Germany

gives

38

39

the Camarate tragedy for send to this Commission Inquiry. To thal end, a document was attached, in German language, in it with contacts relating to the recipient, which information is requested about those files. Likewise, it is attached to documcat translation for the Portuguese language.

B

Lisbon,

with knowledge to our Embassy in Berlin; On 09:16 2013: Reply from MNE and Emb.

gives Germany to the of. 100 XCPITC/2013 :

send communication Emb.

gives Germany on request files secret police of former GDR, the

gives

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

President of the Council of Administration from RTP

STASI, any information related to tragedy

in Camarate for Send to this Commission in

Inquiry. Request to RTP to send

Invokes articles 38, of the journalistic pieces of + n2 b) CRP and Ilth December 1980, there

of the Statute of edited, as well as all the

Journalist images collected on site of the accident and not edited, about the plane crash that victimized, among others, the Prime Minister

Dr. Francisco Sá Carneiro and the Defense Minister Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa. Request to be

Informs that the requested from the Police

XCPITC request Judicial death certificate,

was as well as final report

forwarded about José's death

to

Director Manuel Silva Moreira and

National PJ Agent Militão, for effect sending to this Commission of Inquiry

TC copy to Messrs.

answer to the of. 98 received on 16-072013 and sent to Messrs. Coordinator

98/2013

Coordinator s Copy of doc. delivered to Messrs. Coordinator s at the meeting in

Minister of Justice

ores na

same

date.

TC com in

answer to the of. 97 received

on 16-07Request to be requested from the Police Judicial copy of all process

relative Camarate, for the purpose of send to this Commission Inquiry

Minister of Justice

97/2013

Informs that the XCPITC request

Messrs. was

Coordinator forwarded

$ Copy of The to

Director doc. delivered National PJ

to Messrs. Coordinator s at the meeting of 18.6.2013;

2013 and

sent to Messrs. Coordinator

Ores na

39

40

Same

dale.

answer

to the of. 96 received

Informs that the XCPITC request was forwarded to

Director National PJ: answered

Request that it be asked

The Pulice Judiciary has in its possession, and where, the leather and its contents, found on the night of + December 1980 us wreckage of the plane that crashed in Camarate and that carrying the Prime on 16-072013 and

TC copy to Messrs. Coordinator s Copy of doc. delivered to Messrs. Coordinator s at the meeting

Minister of Justice

96/2013

Sent

Lo Messrs.

Coordinator

Ores na

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

of 6/18/2013

same date.

Clippings copies Froπι

newspapers

sent

National defense. The folder, from hellows and brown in color it contained several documents. Request to be required at the Hemeroteca National all information relative The attacks bombers,

abductions and murders between 1978 and 1981 purpose of consignment to this Commission of Inquiry

Delivered

at

95/2013

President of Chamber Municipal Lisbon

advisory services GP

Informs that it was

sent of, to the Policy DG Justice; On 09.23.2013

Request is required together EUROPOL's whereabouts citizen Sinan Lee Rodrigues for the purpose of referral to this Committee of Inquiry.

Minister of State and Business Foreigners

94/2013

informs about the whereabouts Sinan

in

L.

at the

Sent

Rodrigues, United Kingdom Informs that SG MDN is not detainer information requested.

gives

Minister of Defense National

TC TO Messrs. Coordinator

93/2013

to Messrs. Members in Juno 25,613

s

Informs that the

Solicitation what be referred to this Commission complete list of members of the former Minister of Defense, Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa. Request is required from the Judicial Police - for effect sending to this Commission - the case B3-B : 83 (opened following the investigation of the death of Eng. José Manuel Moreira and his accompanying person, January 4, 1983), requested by tūs me on 10.08.1995, to the Court Of Oeiras.

XCPITC request

Sent

was

TC copy to Messrs. Coordinator

to Messes. Coordinator

Minister of Justice

92/2013

ores in

forwarded lo

Director National of the PJ. Responded that isponded on 1607-2013)

$

16-072013

Sent

91/2013

MNE

Henry enters and exits Kissinger - reiterates the request

Response to the TC to Messrs. 26 XCPITC/2013 and Members

to Messrs.

40

41

in letter 26/XCPITC/2013

Members on 25-62013 (email)

91 XCPTTC / 2013: informs

what due to absence in

systems computer input data and exits from foreign, no

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Was

possible Confirm

The existence.

Lo inputs and outputs foreigners.

90/2013

José Esteves

Facing between LieutenantColonel Lencastre Bernardo and José Esteves

Confrontation fulfilled on 7-62013

89/2013

LieutenantColonel Lencastre Bernardo

Facing between LieutenantColonel Lencastre Bernardo and José Esteves

Confrontation fulfilled on 7-62013 Hearing fulfilled

88/2013

Dr. Aeácio Brito

Convocation of Dr. Acácio Brito

on 6-62013

Mrs. D. Elza

Convocation of Mrs. D. Elza

87/2013

-6-2013

Simões

Simões on 16-2013 Charges associated with displacement by XCPTC

Authorized on May 31, 2013

86/2013

FRIDAY PAR

gives

85/2013

Minister of Slate and Business Foreigners

Letter to the Minister of State and Foreign Affairs in order to make available to Commission, through US Embassy, the registration of entries and exits from Oliver Nunh Purtugal, during the year 1980.

gives

Informs that it was made the order in information (Verbal note for a Bem, from the USA in Lisbon, with knowledge to Our Emb, in Washington MAI response (through SEAPI): informs that in the records Service Foreigners

and Borders nothing on the register

in inputs and outputs front Portugal from Oliver North, during the year 1980.

Seni

84/2013

Minister of Administration Internal (SEF)

Official letter to MAI make available to the Commission, through SEF, registration of inputs and outputs Oliver North Portugal, during the year 1980.

to Messrs. Members

LieutenantColonel Anthony Lencastre Bernardo

83/2013

Hearing fulfilled on 28-01Licutenant Colonel Hearing António Lencastre Bernardo.

2013

41

42

Response to the of. 82/XCPITC 2013: request copies recordings of

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Administration from RTP

interviews granted by Gentlemen

Fernand) Farinha Of To request sending to

Simões and José Commission copy

of Anthony From interview recordings

Santos Esteves granted by you

journalist Sandra Fernando Farinha Simões and Felgueiras: José Esteves to the Joumalist, Mrs. informs

what Dr. Sandra Felgueiras, at

taking into account under the "Sixth

countless at 9", on the subject matter

contradictions that this

Commission resulted from these Parliamentary

interviews as well as of all facts collected It was determined do not issue the program that, nol even came to be edited.

Information the sent to Alessrs. Coordinator ores of GP, according dispatch of President gives Commission, from 8-72013

in

81/2013

José Esteves

Call for José Esteves for continuation testimonial on 05/21 2013

Hearing effected on 05/21 - 2013

Informs that IDD started his

- כנכון

Distribution

80/2013

idem

Industry Demilitarization and Defense SA

oto Messrs. Members on 30-52013

79/2013

Montagrex - Optagrex - Society Portuguese Imports and Exports, Lda

Iden'

Idem

activity

in TC 1997. so

Knowledge no

by havingo Messrs. knowledge of

Members subjeci, there is no nothing to declare. Informs that company started your activity in

TC 20-10-2013, at

Knowledge titat questions

10 Messrs. made in the of.

Members 79 / XCPTTC/2013, stay harmed. Unknown in address Informs that company never TC manufactured, tuned Knowledge or sold weapons

to Messrs. Members

Distribution oto Messrs. Members On 30-52013

78/2013

Idem

A. Paukner Lda. Browning Viana - Factory Weapons and Articles from Esporte, SA OXFE77/2013

Idem

Distribution o to Messrs. Members on 30-52013

of war

76/2013

Idem

Responds

at

42

43

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Workshops General Uniform and Equipment

75/2013

OGMAIndustry Aeronautics from Portugal

Questions made on selling material military inform that no have

which are transactions concerning The

selling material Idem

military,

what can

Tue occurred

at the periods

indicated. Request to send

Returned letter: information on: this

unfamiliarity Commission the following of the existence of information:

company

at the For which countries does COMEINA Address sold military stuff,

recipient between early 1979 and

(see of. 1984? That Portuguese military participated between 1978 and 1987, in contacts between Your company and customers final sales military material? in 1980 they received Any Portuguese government indication to suspend The sale of military equipment to any country? There was some interruption in the sale of military equipment, in 1980, for any country? Who authorized it and how legally sued the material trade military?

74/2013

COMETNA Company Metallurgical Nacional, SA

Sent

Request to send copy of autopsy report made to Mr. Eng José Moreira and his lifemate,

claborate by Mr. Dr. Fernando Fonseca, as well as the histological analyzes of both.

Send copy of report

gives autopsy of Joseph

TC TO Messrs. Manuel

Silva Coordinator Moreira and

s of Groups Elisabete givesParlamenture Piedade Silva

if Petitioners

Prof. Dr. Duarte Nuno Vicira (Institute Medicine Nice)

73/2013

on 31-5. 2013

Dr. Laureano

72/2013

Request to send line suggestions investigation

(aspects technicians of the tragedy of Camarate, related to

Saints

13

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

the aircraft).

(see of. 92 XCPrrc

2013. 07062013, at MJ

Informs that the process

No. 93 83-B (open following the investigation of death of Eng Joseph Manuel Moreira and his companion, occurred on + January

in 1983), was requested by Judiciary Police on 10-08-95, no having returned to

archive of that Court. By the. 180 of 1111-2013, reports that the Inu grito already TC if finds Knowledge available

10 Messrs. Members

Request for authorized to process confidence no 93-B / 83 (Open at following the investigation of the death of Eng. José Manuel Moreira

and

your accompanying person, January 4, 1983).

Judge President of the Court Judicial County of Oeiras

71/2013

Sent of 169 / XCPIT C/2013 a ask authorization the of Query to Inquiry 9383-B, hair advisors GP

70/2013

Jim Hunt

Sending a questionnaire about Frank Sturgies

TC Distribute to Messrs. Members

Given away know me against Messrs. Congressperson on 20-112013 and sent of. Hearing fulfilled on 16-052013 Hearing fulfilled on 5 14 2013

José dos

69/2013

Call for hearing of Mr. José Esteves on the 16th 05-2013

Santos Esteves

68/2013

Victor Pereira

Call for hearing by Mr. Victor Pereira on the 05:14 2013

in

6772013

Director of Reinsertion and Services Prisoners

Conmunication anticipation of the time of hearing of Carlos Miranda Gonçalves, from 6 pn, to at 171100.

Contact phone number Carolina Oliveira a inform thal there strike

From Prison Guards on 9-5-2013 ends at 17hoo. It suggests that Keep

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

pm.

TC Copy of clippings from Newspapers to Messrs. Deputies.

Cutout

in

Authorization request for consultation of the journalist Celestino Amaral.

Dr. Isabel Duarte

66/2013

press documents delivered on 1106-2013. Handed out AHP guard

andr Inform

Messrs. Coordinator

$that can Theonsult the

tukens Works journalist Celestino AmarUL

Director of Weekly Express

65/2013

Sending card greetings with cutouts about "FP 25"

TC Distribute to Messrs.

Distributed on S/17 2013

Members

Informs that the

Copies of News handed out

Request to make available this Commission, copies of all published texts and signed by the journalist Celestino Amaral during the 1980 3 first 1981 quarter. Request to make available this Commission, through Municipal Hemeroteca of Lisbon, copies of all daily newspaper news national NEWSPAPER IN NEWS and PORTUGAL TODAY, whose theme is the kidnapping of boat fishing vessel "Rio Vouga" for Polisario Front and subjects related

and or consequential namely the Republic Democratic Saharawi Arab and its recognition international, in the period of May to December 1980, including

TC 10

to

request

was forwarded to the Cabinet of Mrs. Council woman Catherine Vaz Pinto, responsible for Culture,

Services. Copy of clippings of newspapers sent the Commission

TC copy to Messrs. Members

64/2013

President of Chamber Municipal Lisbon

Advisors From Groups Parlament ares. More News

delivered

on 3-72013.

On 06:27

2013, the Services were informed s by IGF that: 1 - it was already nominated

Informs that of was forwarded for Messrs. Ministers of TC Finance and

Knowledge National defense;

10 Messrs.

Deputies. On 5 20/2014:

Distribution Send copy of

to Messrs. n. 598 of Members Cabinet

giveson 5/30/2013 Minister

Minister of Presidency and of Affairs Parliamentarians

63/2013

Final audit request The FDML; find out if there is relationship or movement between the FDMU and the export

in

weapons cxccurred in the period belween 1974 and the effective liquidation or lası movements of TDM balances.

an

team

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Relative Finance to the final audit

Gencral of Finances

45

46

to

FDM (reply to of. 63 XCPITC: 2013)

for perform the audit: 2 - is elapse respective process in accreditation no, in

sequence of

contact ef etuado through the InspectionGeneral of Finances

next to

CEMGFA.

Announces that the

was

and

express request in the craft of XCPITC forwarded to Eurocontrol and

NAV companies Information Request

Portugal and AnaAirports 10 about the existence of a

request

in aviation company

information. In called "African Air

24-07-2013, SE Charters", which operated in

Construction late 1970s,

Public, early 80s, and in case

TC TO Messrs.

Transportation so, when was

Members

Communication founded: 1f the said

through INAC and company operated in

ANA, laforma, Portugal between January

through INAC and 1980 and December 1981 and,

ANA, that if there are records of

airline movements in space

African

Air air

and

Charters are not airports airfields bas

finds Pituguese aircraft

referenced in company, be

ICAO document made available to this

8585 Commission access copy those records.

"De

62/2013

Minister of Economy and Job

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Aeronautical Authorities and Services

in cditions from 1978 to 1983. EUROCONTROL E

46

47

SHIP Communicates that following of the request for it.formation requested

The LUROCONTROL and NAV Portugal, no have records historical

in movements of aircraft operated between 1980-1981, by African

Air

Charters

Testimonial

61/2013

Director-General Reinsertion and Services Prisoners

the done

60/2013

Director-General Reinsertion and Services Prisoners

Request for the presence of Carlos Gonçalves for testify at next May 9 2013, at 6 pm Request for the presence of Simões flour to provide testimonial next day May 7, 2013, at 10.30 hours, Thank you for sending the "Study gives legislation national export weapons, since the 70".

Testimonial the done

59/2013

Prof. Freitas do Amaral

Informs that the

TC 10 Messrs was Deputies of

Commission

Distributed ando Messrs.

Members

Request to get to the Commission, through the Directorate-General for Prison Services, copy of record of visits to prisoners Fernando Farinha Simões, in the Prison establishment Pinheiro da Cruz.

request forwarded for the DG of Reinsertion services Prisoners;

Minister of Justice

58/2013

Answered thc on 1607-2013 and Sent to Messrs. deputies in the same date

on 15-52013.

Informs thal the

Minister of

Request for copy of record of visits to prisoners Carlos Manuel T. Miranda Gonçalves bearer of the BI No.

2992 161, Prison establishment Coimbra.

request forwarded for the DG of Rcinsertion Prison Services

57/2013

TC to Messrs was Deputies of

Commission

Distributed ando

Messrs. Members en 5775/2013

Answered the on 1607-2013 and Sent to Messrs. deputies in the same date

Justice

at the

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Dr. Filipe Mimosu's Freitas

Information that the letter directed The Commission Parliamentary, was received and forwarded

for members' knowledge members of the Commission. Hearing wnfirmation scheduled for 18-04-2013. Hearing confirmation scheduled for 16-01-2013. Solicitation in note Send

55/2013

Dr. Isabel Duarte Dr. Miguel Kings MDN

54/2013

53/2013

TC note to

Distributed

47

48

Coordinator s of GP

10 Messrs. Members

on 15-52013

on

52/2013

SEPCM

General's biographical

biographical Fernando Pinto de Resende, 2nd Region Commander Air Force at the beginning of 1960s. Officiating the government towards of conducting a inquiry disappearance

From documents requested by Commission to the Government and EMGFA (copies of several crafts dated 1980, related

with The export of material war for Iran and the Iraq on several occasions mentioned in the Reports gives General Inspection in Audit Finance at accounts of the Office of the CEMGFA and IDMU). Request registration of entries and Informs that Frank's departures from Portugal SEF records Anthony Sturgis (whose name nothing about true will be Frank

the citizen Frank Angelo Fiorini), between 1977 and Anthony Sturgis 1981.

Distributed

51/2013

MNE

TC to Messrs Deputies of Commission

to Messrs. Members on 15-52013

Request registration of entries and Frank's departures from Portugal Anthony Sturgis (whose name true will be Frank Angelo Fiorini), between 1977 and 1981.

Informs that SEF records nothing about the citizen Frank Anthony Sturgis

Distributed to Messrs. Members on 15-5

50/2013

TC to Messrs Deputies of Commission

ΑΜΑΙ

2013

to

Documentation request relative The

any movements of a name "Sheersburg", or Cherbourg" or "Cherburg“; or "Scheersberg 4”, in Port of Setúbal, including the

Infoms that, after Query collection documentary Captaincy Port of Setúbal, it was found

of

Distributed

"The

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

MN

Coordinator

.

Members in 2-5 2013

cargo manifest and the

inexistence of confirmation of dates and

information exact entry times and

intended. leaving the ship during the the last senkster of 1980; er, on the same date, ship movements registered at the port of Cherbourg Request for Information, through the Control

in Traffic Maritime (CCTM), on all documentation on the movements of the

48/2013

MAMAOT

48

49

"Malvern Prince" ship: since entering the Port of Setúbal and until the exit, including the manifest of loading and confirmation of exact dates and times of entry and exit of the ship:

47/2013

MDN

Acknowledgment

fur host received by parliamentary delegation, in meetings that took place at the Ministry of Defense National and in unity located in Paço de Arcos, during the visit of the Commission (Defense Fund Overseas Military). Copy MDN request authentic of the referred craft in the table pages 47 of the Inspection-General report Audit Finance at accounts of the Office of the 1974 CEMGFA lo 1981, whose content is export of material war for Iran, namely: . letter from the MDNMinister's Office of 2 December in 1980, accompanied by letter 319, of November 28, 1980 of the S. G of the MINE and attached documents; Request to copy MNE authentic of the referred craft in the table pages 47 of the

Requirement

2013

MDN

repeated

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Sent

TC 10 Messrs.

io Messrs. Members

45/2013

MENE

Members

in June 25, 2013

Inspection-General report Audit finance at

Informs that no accounts of the Office of the

were found 1974 CEMGFA

at the Archive to 1981, whose content is

Historic

of export of material

MENE

the War for Iran,

documents namely:

requested , letter from the MDNin those Minister's Office of 2

communications December

in 1980, accompanied by letter 319, of November 28, 1980 of the S/G of the MNE and attached documents; Copy request for

Informs that file relating to

files Seem gives Commission existing in the TC, Constitutional No. 36/81,

from the

Sent

44/2013

TC

TC Knowledge to Messrs. Coordinator

to Messrs. Members

49

50

s of Groups Parlamentare

in

Commission Constitutional, only find

of

if

concerning the application for declaration unconstitutionality Decree-Law No. 518180, of November 18, the Revolution Council.

$

the

Opinions

No. 1.76 to 20/77 (years 1976-1977), as well as Judgments No. 101 to 369 (years 1978 1981) and that, for beyond what if finds publisted 178 the sužins gives Commission Constitutional, is not found in that court any documentation relative

to process

in

cause

Informs that no

Request for information on; 1.) Whether or not there was before publication of Ordinance no. 660/81, a National Director Armanient and/or a Direction National in Armament (namely during the year in

1980); 2.) There is a Director National Armaments,

exists

we SG files from MON 44 doc identified by Commission in the of. in reference. Regarding the DG Armament and

TC 1 - Communicare to Alessrs. Coordinator

s of Groups

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

MDN

Infrastructure Defense, report that does mentioned, due to its amount considerable, mect available for Query, experts accredited.

Parlamentare the reception this craft. 2-Inform that the docs are find for consult Services

per

but not a Direction National Armaments, the who

reported hierarchically

that Director and what functions that were attributed to him; 3.) There is a Director National Armaments, who performed this function during the years of 1980 and 1981 (until the Publication of Ordinance no. 660 81). Authentic copy request From next

docs: . letter from the MDNGab. of the Minister, register in book 690, date of record in book 9 Dec. 80, "Export of material war for Iraq Photocopy

From

crafts SG 321 and 322

42/2013

MDN

Informs that to is there any document identified in craft

we files

of GEMGFA, from DG Armament and Infrastructure Defense and

TC inform the Groups Parlamentare s Petitioners

Sent to Messis. Members in 5.42013

50

51

next

both of December 4,

General secretary 1980,

MNE"; of the MDN . letter from the MDNGab. of the Minister, register in book 33, date of record in book 19 jan. 81, "Military Attaché in the Iraq. Photocopy of the letter No. SG 303/10 Nov. 80's MNE, requesting The information held for more convenient as to exposed in paragraph 2". Authentic copy request From

docs: letter from the MDNGab. of the Minister, register in book 690, date of record in book 9 Dec. 80, "Export of material war for Iraq.

Informs that no Phọt copy From crafts

were found SG 321 and 322

at the

Archive both of December 4,

Historic

ddo 1980,

of WINE" MENE

the letter from the ADNdocuments Gab. of the Minister.

requested register in book 33, date of

in those record in book 19 jan. 81,

communications "lilitary Attaché in the

Sent

to Messrs.

41/2013

MENE

TC 10 Messrs.

Members

Members in

June 25, 2013

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Icaq. Photocopy of the letter NO. SG 303/11/Nov. 809 MNE, requesting "The information held for more convenient as to exposed in paragraph 2". Request for copy of next

documents: . Joint Order, of Ministry of Finance and VI Government Plan

40/2013

SEAPI

TC Knowledge to Groups Parlamentare

s

Constitutional and CEMGFA, undated and signed only by the Minister of Finance and of

Plan; . Communication to the bodies

Send document social communication

with the issues issued by the Secrelariat of

requested State of the Presidency of Council of Ministers, without date,

51

52

Decree-Law No. 548/80, of November 18, which in mentioned), or in the days immediately following. It is not possible, by this copy, whether the Notice actually came to be issued. Request for copy of next

documents: Joint Order, of Ministry of Finance and VI Government Plan Constitutional and CEMGFA, undated and signed only by the Minister of Finance and

Plan; . Communication to the bodies social communication issued by the Secretariat of State of the Presidency of Council of Ministers, without date,

TC

39/2013

VET

Send copy of Dispatch Set

Knowledge 10 Messrs Deputies.

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

It is deduced from the respective content that said Conimuniqué must have been drawn up or on November 18, 1980 (date ot publication of Decrce-Law No. 54880. of November 18, which in mentioned), or in the days immediately Following. It is not possible. by this copy, whether the Notice actually came to be issued. Request authorization for consultation of the entire process administrative, including Informs that no associated correspondence,

were found received and Sent,

Archive internal information and / or Historic

of

TC to Messrs. received from third parties,

MENE

the

Members upstream and downstream of the documents sending said "Note

requested Office of the Ministries of

in those Foreign Affairs and

communications National Defense ", dated November 11, 1980;

Informs that

TC relative records

Distribute to Idem

to the year 1980

Messrs. were destroyed

Members according to

at the

Sent to Messrs. Members

38/2013

MENE

in

June 25, 2013

Distributed

37-A / 2013

Minister of State and Finances

to Messrs. Members on 17-52013

52

53

Regulations Archival in force.

Answered

37/2013

МЕЕ

Request to the Ministry of Documentation savings relative The

any movements of a name "Sheersburg", or "Cherbourg", or "Cherburg”, or "Scheersberg A", in Port of Setúbal, including the cargo manifest and the confirmation of dates and exaci entry times and leaving the ship during the the last semester of 1980; or, on the same date, ship movements registered at the port of Cherbourg

Mail attached The information relative available to the pilot Pedro Bastos and the ship "Malvern Prince"

(see of 28)

TC }-Communicate

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

CONFIDENTIAL

36/2013

MDN request for copies of records related to export of material war for Iraq and Iran.

Coordinator s of Groups Parlamentare if reception this craft; 2 - inform that the sume if find for consult in Services

38/2013

MDN

CONFIDENTIAL

idem

Copy request for all authorizations for the arms exports between 1978 and 1982 for countries the 3rd, specifying, if the copy omits these information, where the destination, date and form of transport, identification of the author of the respective dispatch and, its functions, as well as the company (ies) dynamizer (s) of the business. Request to EMGFA to copy of all opinions relating to the export of between 1978 and 1982 to third countries specifying if the copy omit this information what is the place of destination, date and form of transport, the identification of the author of respective order and, the

TC -Commerce

34/2013

C'EMGEA

CONFIDENTIAL

Coordinator s of Groups Parlamentare if reception this craft; 2 --inform that the sume if

53

54

find for consult in Services

Sent

their functions, as well as the dynamic company (ies) or business. Copy request for all opinions on the arms exports between 1978 and 1982 for countries the 3rd. specifying if the copy omits these information, where the destination, date and form of transport, identification of the author of the respective dispatch and, its functions, as well as the company (ies) dynamizer (s) of the business,

33/2013

Informs that no were found at the Archive Historie

ddo MENE

the documents requested in those communications

to Messrs. Members

MENE

TC to Messrs. Members

in

Junc 25, 2013

On 02 2013, the

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

services

were

informed s by IGF that: I - it was already nominated

ab

team

InspectionGeneral of Finances for perform the audit; 2.is clapse respective process

Information Request concerning the incorporation of any values from of the Military Defense Fund do Ultramar (PDMU) in the State accounts, such as the final balance of the FDMU, namely transfer $ 551,694,902 at the date of closure of the Fund.

MDN

32/2013

The

in

in

accreditation

no, in

sequence

contact ef etuado through the InspectionGencral of Finances next to CEMGFA. Hearing scheduled for 20-32013 Hearing scheduled for 1132013

Frederico

31/2013

Journalist Hearing Frederico Duarte Oak

Duarte de Oak

in

Hearing of Journalist João Joaquim Gomes

João Joaquim Gomes

30/2013

54

55

Authentic copy request of the letters referred to in table to pages 47 of the Audit report to accounts of the Office of the 1974 CEMGFA to 1981, whose content is export of material war for Iran, namely: Letter from MNMinister's Office of 2 December

1980,

Vo

exists

any document

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

(4997,319

29/2013

MDN

accompanied by

identified in 1980

cralt

No. of the SiG of the MNE and

29/XCPITC/2013 attached documents;

we

fites Letter from the

EMGEA

gives EMGFA-Gab. Dir. Nac.

DGArmament and Armament of 5

Infrastructure December 1980;

Defense and SG of Letter from the

Ministry EMGFA-Gab. Dir. Nac. Armament of January 22 1981 (sent in the CEMGFA 10 Lieutenant Colonel António Ferreira Rodrigues de Areia), accompanied by photocopies of notes 1, 105 ! DNA - 111! DNA1743 / DD and 185 / DB.

Request for Information, through the Administration of the Ports of Setúba) and Sesimbra, SA, on: All documentation on the movements of the "Malvern Prince” ship. since catering the Port of Setúbal and until the exit, including the manifest of loading and confirmation of exact dates and times of entry and exit of the ship; In the same terms and sense,

it is requested information relatively to the CCTM - Center for Control in Traffic Maritime and the Caplaincy of Por of Setúbal.

28/2013

MEE

Mail attached The information relative available to the pilot Pedro Bastos and the ship "Malvern Prince"

TC to Groups Parliamentary

es

27/2013

MEE

Request ſur Informativ, through the Administration of the Ports of Setúbal and Sesimbra,

Informs that, after Query collection documentary Caplaincy

SA,

of

55

56

The

Port of Setúbal,

it was found The inexistence of

information

namely Department Direction of Pilot

on pilot location sir Bastos, responsible for departure of the ship "Malvem Prince", on the 10th of November 1980 at 11:30 pm, bound for

intended.

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Ashdod (Isracl), with cargo described like

    • Mat. Dangerous". However, according to Diário n° 18 de 23-V-80 to 11-VIl-81, also from the Port of Setúbal, the exit "Malvern Prince" would be confirmed for the 9th November at 10:45 pm.

Sent

26/2013

MNE

Request information through border control, on check-in and Henry Kissinger exits in October and November 1980 and respective dates. Of. 97/ XCPTC / 2013, to reiterate the Request for Information.

Response to the 26/ XCPEC '2013 and 91 XCPIC : 2013: informis

what due to absence in

systems computer

TC to Messrs. input data

Members and exits from foreign, no was

possible Confirm

The existence.

In inputs and outputs foreigners. No

exists

to Messrs. Members on 25-62013 (email)

any document identified in

TC TO Messrs. craft

No. Members 25/ XCPITC / 2013 claimants. in the

25/2013

On the Minister's agenda of National Defense, Adelino Amaro da Costa, periods understood between 15 September and 15 Octuber 1980 and 1 november and december #h 1980.

MDN

General secretary of the Ministry

Prof. Dr. Freitas do

24/2013

Sludy request (pro bono) national legislation on arms exports, since the 70s, come under paragraph 3 of Article 13 of Law No. 593, of March 1, with the changes

introduced by Laws No. 126:97, of 10 December, and 15 2007, of April 3, request and thank the elaboration of the mentioned study, with incidence, specifically, in the corresponding period

Accepts order collaboration and gives o for 2 103

TC weeks

for Distribute to delivery

of Messrs. study

Members Study delivered on 12.4.2013

Distributed lo Messrs. Congressperson ON 12-+ 2013

Amaral

56

57

to the years 1980 and 1981 Request for information on The identification responsible in 1980 for the Direction National

From

Send copies

in

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

MDN

Armaments and DILOG, including other pictures miliary personnel that date (year 1980), these organisms.

of offices ng 358 and 578 GC-G, of Gab

of CEKGFA

Sent to Messrs. Members

22/2013

MNE

TT

Response to the of. 22 / XCPTC/2013: informs that it was decided, fur advice

in Ministers,

The ban on * imports Iran and the exports of

products Request: If in late 1980 there was some embargo on

Portuguese for

that country: 0 arms sales to Iran and the

transport

in Iraq and, if so, under what circumstances was

products declared;

embargoed by

other nations in If at the same time there was

national boals; some trade embargo on the

the boarding of Iran, originated through the

products

TC TO Messrs. revolution in thal country and

cmbargoed on Members by the so-called crisis of

vessels hostages North Americans

Iranian; detained in Tehran;

transactions If these embargo (s), the

financial

and exist (in).

was (ram) litled on 29

participation of January 1980, how and in

companies what terms.

ponuguese in projects industrial Iranians". It is resolution bad

like foundation

The detention

in folks diplomatic american by authorities

Iranian Request for information on

No

exists recording movements

any

Copy to landings and take-offs from

document aircraft at the Air Force Base

Groups identified in

Parlamentare Montijo at the period craft

No.

claimants between I of

21 XCPITC 2013 October and December 31

in the

Delivered

to

Coordinator

21/2013

MDN

Ores of

PSD GP and CDSPP on

57

58

1980.

General secretary

meeting of

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

of EMGEA

2.17 2013

Request through NAV Portugal, EPE - Navigation Portugal. or other bodies that act or acted in the space control and management air do get to this Commission:

Minister of Economy and Job

20/2013

19/2013

MDN

Request to the Ministry of National Defense of contact Mr. António de Sousa, Traffic Controller Air

No

exists any document identified in craft

No. 12 / XCPITC/2013 in the file EMEA

18/2013

PAIR

Request from good offices to FRIDAY PAR in the sense of arrange for the transportation for travel From members

this Commission, from the Assembly of the Republic, for the purpose of consulting the acquis relating to the Overseas Military Defense (FDMU) in the National Defense Archive

Authorized

Distributed

srs.

17/2013

Ministry of Defense National

Ministry

in Defense National Visit to Commission to the FDMU

Members gives Commission in February 28, 2013

Informa

what Delegation gives Commission

will be accompanied by Dr. Ana Miguel Santos. Later submission of CD

with documentation FDMU Informs that no exists in the company any

For worker with the knowledge name indicated in the of the Lords active situation

Members retired

OT retired.

16/2013

President of the CA of NAV, Eng. Luís Coimbra

Contact request from Mr. António de Sousa (Son of Senhor Alfredo de Sousa), Controller of Air traffic,

Sent by email in day March 19, 2013

Director of

15/2013

Information Lusa Ageney

Of to the Chief Information Officer of the Lusa Agency with a view to Portuguese: send copies provide this Commission with the of docs, withdrawn For authentic copy of the Note

of editing

knowledge Officious deriving From 12.11.1980 of of the Lords Ministries of Business

newspaper "Portugal Members Foreign and Defense

Today" Nacional, published in

58

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Minister of State and Finances

Hearings carried out on 27 and Feb. 28 2013

--Portugal Hoje“ newspaper, of 12 November 1980 at the following a news referred to in the same newspaper. eve, entitled "Weapons Portuguese to Iran?" and which will integrate the ex-ANOP Of. To the Minister of State and of Finance for hearing of the Experts who were responsible for the Expert of the Nlilitary Defense Fund overseas period 1974 to 1981, carried oUL operating framework gives VIII Commission Authorization

Services Parliamentary Inquiry,

granted through

To the Drs. Belmiro

of of. 1150's

Owed Augusto Morais (Inspector of MEF

in

effects Chief Finance) and Maria da February 22, 2013 Conception

Ferreira Rodrigues (Inspector of Superior Finance) for the that audit, testify towards it is Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry, next 28 February at 6 pm Ordering copies of 3 crafts mentioned in

TC Asessra, Audit Report

Informs that

Members to GEMGFA Accounts (years cralts

Groups 1974/1981) elaborated

mentioned no

Parlantenture by Inspection experts

were found.

claimants. General of Finance in July of 2004. Ordering copies of 3 crafts mentioned in

Informs that no Audit Report

is there any to GEMGFA Accounts (years document w 1974-1981) elaborated identific in by Inspection experts

cral General of Finance in July

reference. of 2004. Ordering copies of 3 crafts mentioned in

Ministry

of TO Messrs. Audit Report

Finance: sends 3 Depury of to GEMGFA Accounts (years

photocopies

Groups 1974-1981) elaborated

sheets

Froni Parlamentare by Inspection experts

said books.

claimants General of Finance in July of 2004. Request for authentic copy of Informs that Unofficial Note from

LUSA doesn't have Ministries of Business

copy of the docs. Foreign and Defense

intended. Nacional, published in

Send 2 does from

13/2013

Minister of State and Finances

12/2013

CEMGFA

Sent,

11/2013

SLAPI

by email in

March 15, 2013

10/2013

Dr. Fernando Paula Brito

Delivered at the meeting 2:14 2013

59

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

ex-ANOP

"Portugal Hoje" newspaper, of 12 November 1980.

gives

withdrawn edition of 12-111980.

Distributed

9/2013

SEAPI

Request of the request to the PCM State Secretariat inform the Commission of existence of any record

SEAPI: SEPCM: of the Official Notes

Sending copies of issued and the location and the documentation sending a copy of the file

about Note concerning the Unofficial Note Officious published at the Newspaper **Portugal Hoje", from 12 November 1980.

TO Messrs. Members Groups Parlamentare s Claimants

srs. Members gives Commission in February 28, 2013

Distributed

SIS.

8/2013

SEAPI

Request for request to MNE and MDN for sending to Authentic copy commission of the published Official Note in the "Portugal Hoje“ newspaper, November 12, 1980.

Send photocopy of the Unofficial Note

To Messrs. Members Groups Parlamenture $ Claimants

Members gives Commission in February 28, 2013 Hearing fulfilled in February 19, 2013

in

7/2013

Prof. Dr. Freitas do Amaral

Confirmation hearing scheduling for 02/19:2013

Services

To the

6/2013

Dr. Luís Coimbra - NAV Portugal

Contact request for family of co-pilot Alfredo Sousa

Filed

Owed effects

Inform not having the NAV registration of any worker with reference presented in of. from XCPITC Order from Gab. SEX OF PAR 12-2013: 10 G. SG for those due effects. With DSATS

5/2013

PAIR

Submission of the Regulation Commission for publication in DAR

To file

Filed

in

Dr. Júlio

4/2013

Confirmation hearing scheduling for 02.02.2013

Hearing fulfilled on 05-02 2013

Castro Caldas

3/2013

Dr. Nuno Melo

Documentation

2/2013

PAIR

sent

Confirmation

in hearing scheduling for 02/14/2013 Commuting to services support to the Committee on cstate of the IX Commission Parliamentary Inquiry Communication constitution of the Bureau of Commission and appointment of rapporteurs From

Groups Parliamentarians

gives

PAIR

Archive

1/2013

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

Initial considerations

AX CPITC signed up for the continuation of the IX CPITC, which saw its work interrupted little after having initiated them, due to the dissolution of the Assembly of the Republic that ended in advance of the XI Legislature. This same continuity was recommended by the conclusions approved - 'VII. Leave the recommendation to the next XII Legislature in order to resume, continue and conclude the work now abruptly interrupted », -, which would be accepted by Resolution of the Assembly of the Republic no. 91/2012, which, on 13 July 2012, determined the constitution of this commission

The tenth Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy takes place following that which has been exhaustive work on the part of the Assembly of the Republic for the past three decades. I could not start the Commission or the report, without first reiterating the main facts ascertained by the Commissions of Inquiry, namely the renewal of conclusions and, in particular, those of V. VI and VIII Commissions of Inquiry.

This XCPTC has not dealt exhaustively witli technical issues or even with the accident vs. discussion attack: it is concluded and proved unequivocally, in the path of commissions, which was an attack. There being nothing new in this field, X CPITC did not fail to hear two testimonies that, categorically, reiterate that the fall of the Cessna, who was taking, among others, the Prime Aſinister and the Minister of Defense, was due to an attack. Thus, the main conclusions of the last Commissions of Inquiry are reproduced, as well as a brief summary of the testimonies of José Cavalheiro and Henrique Botelho de Miranda in this CPI.

The conclusions of the V Committee of Inquiry (1995)

« 1 - According to the evidential matter determined by the V CPIAC. and after analyzing all the documentation relating to the hearings carried out and expert investigations undertaken, this The Commission stresses, first of all, the fact that, for the first time. which, due to their evidential scope, exceeded the results achieved so far by other official bodies, allowing you 10 consider the following facts proven:

a) Eristence of a fire in flight on the Cessna aircraft, shortly after take-off and on the route ascending: b) Release, in mid-flight, of a trail of burnt fragments from its interior: c) Existence of metallic particles (iron oxide) identified as coming from non-steel tempered in the heel area of the pilot Jorge Albuquerque; d) Absence of porentially fatal internal fractures and injuries and perishing of the

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

victims; e) Detection of barium sulphate in areas of the cockpit of the caffected aircrafi; f) Confirmed verification of new' explosive substances in the analysis of samples 1 and 2 of the fragment 7: nitroglycerin, dinitrotoluene and trinitrotoluene; 8) Evidence, through chemical analyzes carried out by national experts, and subsequently confirmed in foreign laboratories, that the products removed

from the fragment 7 have a chemical-mineralogical constitution identical to that of pieces of fuselage of the damaged aircraft.

62

63

2 - The aforementioned facts allow establishing the presumption that the collapse of the aircraft was caused by an explosive device, which aimed at physically eliminating people, therefore constituting criminal action »,

The conclusions of the VI Commission of Inquiry (1999)

Considering all the evidence evidenced by the VI Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry the Camarate Disaster and after analyzing all the documentation related to the hearings held and expert steps taken, this Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry:

1) Confirms all the conclusions of the V Committee of Inquiry, namely the presumption of that the crash of the aircraft was caused by an explosive device that aimed at physical elimination of people, having therefore constituted a criminal action;

2) Considers verified the existence of explosive substures in the unulysis of samples 1 und 2 of fragment 7, nitroglycerin, dinitrotoluene and trinitrotoluene, and collected testimonies that contradict the contamination thesis;

3) Considers the existence of more foreign bodies in the body of the Minister of Defense to be verified, Amaro da Costa, which according to expert opinion, have characteristics in line with the deflagration of an explosive device, consistent with other signs in the same direction:

4) Gathered new opinions that corroborated the verification of density foreign bodies metal detected on the feet of the pilot Jorge Albuquerque not constituted by aluminum alloy of the aircrafi, but by another material with a constitution close to iron oxide, which it is also consistent with the explosion of an explosive device;

5) Gathered new testimonies that corroborared previous complaints already existing in the process and reinforce the importance of establishing definitively, in couri, following the legally adequate process, the criminal responsibilities that may namely the adventures regarding José António dos Santos Esteves and Sinan Lee Rodrigues;

6) Considers it essential that, in view of all these facts, the judicial process must run its course, namely until judgment, so 21, in contradicti.

all the guarantees of prosecution and defense, full light be given to all the facts in Camarate, the court coming to decide definitively;

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

) Recommends a thorough investigation of the entire archives of the Military Defense Fund Ultrumar, which was used discretionarily, without any control, making expenses that by law were forbidden to him, there are several testimonies that associate him to the mobile of a possible attack in Camarate.

The conclusions of the VIII Commission of Inquiry (2004)

63

64

1.- (...) Confirms all the conclusions reached by the VI Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry, namely, “the presumption that the crash of the aircraft was caused by a explosive device aimed at the physical elimination of people, and therefore constituted an action criminal

- Considers the existence of a fire on board the aircraft before the crash.

- Considers the presence of chemical elements, potassium and lead proven, also detected in the materials that were subjected to explosive tests with incendiary grenade of phosphor.

- Considers it proven that fragment 7, in which the existence of explosive substances (nitroglycerin, dinitrouoluene and trinitrotoluene), belonged to the side top left of the fuselage, between the 1st and 2nd windows from the front of the cabin aircraft CESSNA 421 4, registered YV-314-P.

- Gathered new opinions (based on scientific expertise) that prove the accommodation of small particles in the soft tissues of the pilot Jorge Albuquerque and Eng."'s body. Adelino Amaro da Costa, whose configuration and dispersion results from the outbreak of a device explosive.

- Assumes partial conclusions and final conclusion of the Commission's Report Multidisciplinary of Experts that has been created. We reproduce here the referred final conclusion: “For all the reasons set out in this Repori, the Multidisciplinary Committee of Experts understands that plausible explanation for the crash of the aircraft YV-314-P is found. noi for reasons accidental, but in the bursting - and corresponding consequences - of a mill explosive device that incapacitated the aircraft and ; or its flight crew members, once that not only is there no evidence to allow such a burst to be associated with any anomaly of on-board equipment, how can a whole set of revealing evidence that this was the adequate and necessary cause for the crash. “.

- Recommends that, at a later date, the international experts who have been consulted

appointed to be part of the Multidisciplinary Committee of Experts, who were not

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

in due time, due to the announced dissolution of the Assembly of the Republic.

- Considers it proven that the Overseas Military Defense Fund continued to be used irregularly, presenting movements not accounted for in the accounts, very significant discrepancies between actual balances and budgeted amounts, detecting that relevant values were kept by third parties without any justification, revealing. ulso, misuse of its resources.

-

- Considers it proven thut Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa was particularly tive the arms sales operations involving the Portuguese State, having vetoed several operations (sales to Indonesia, Guatemala and Argentina) and having requested on 2 December 1980, additional clarifications on arms sales to Iran (operations on 9 December 1980 and 22 January 1981).

64

65

- Recommends that further investigation into the operations of arms trade that involved the Portuguese State or Portuguese companies.

- Gathered new testimonies that corroborate previous complaints, relating the citizen Sinan Lee Rodrigues with the crush of the aircraft in Camarute, so he recommends the verification of the possible responsibilities of this person in the fall of CESSNA.

- Considers it essential, in order to safeguard the dignity of the Portuguese stare, that the facis relating to the fall of CESSNA on December 4. 1980 are ascertained in a judgment that enjoy the criminal action that is indicted.

Testimony by José Cavalheiro and Henrique Botelho de Miranda

On April 8, 2015, Henrique Botelho de Miranda, professor and researcher at mine area involved in the work of the VIII Commission of Inquiry, namely in the Commission Multidisciplinary of Experts and José Cavalheiro, PhD professor in metallurgical engineering.

From the testimony to the two teachers, it was clear, once again, the unequivocal character of the fall of the Cessna on December 1- the plane crashed due to an attack. The reiteration of these conclusions was fatent in the testimonies of the teachers already mentioned.

According to Henrique Botelho de Miranda, it was, in fact, an attack:

  • S0. going to the Honorable Member's question, to wmi to infer. from what was detected in terms of explosives, and only that, the unequivocal existence of a cargo, especially with the y characıeristics is impossible. Now, grabbing all the pieces of the puzzle, then we can affirm that there was an explosive charge here, not very large, but of great intensity in its effects and that induced the crash of the aircraft. And I must say that, in terms of conception, regardless of value or ethical judgments, this was done with extreme skill, it was done by a professional (...).

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

My conviction, Mr Deputy, is that, in fact, this was an attack and very artfully implemented. By the way, I believe that nothing is lost in mentioning that when I joined to participate in the work of the Multidisciplinary Committee of Experts, I did it with a very great reluctance i».

On the same topic, José Cavalheiro said it was undeniable that it was an attack:

  • I believe that the Honorable Member will have distributed a summary report that I produced a few years ago. because, as my colleague just said, the Commission had to end its work in a very accelerated way, the final report was made under enormous pressure, I, subsequently, I had access to all the reports and made a summary report, in which it seems to me perfectly undeniable that there was, in fact, a situation of attack (...).

And in this summary report I was carefUL to make a table in which I say what the evidence is essentials, traces that, in themselves, each of them would be enough to conclude strongly in the

11 Rapporteur's note: Henrique Botelho de Miranda was convinced, just before the start of his collaboration with the Multidisciplinary Committee of Experts, that Camarate was an accident.

65

66

sense of an explosion on board, but then they all fit inio the puzzle that my colleague just mentioned ».

Thus, since it was not the primary object of investigation by the present Commission, it was once again demonstrated by professors specialized in mines and metallurgy, that the plane crash on 4 December was due to an attack.

Still as an introductory note to the report, and referring to the statements of José Cavalheiro, it is important to mention the discomfort felt by the doctoral professor in metallurgical engineering with the conduct of the investigation into the Camarate attack by the Public Ministry:

«Therefore, in view of all this, once again, I refer to the way the investigation was carried out.

What the Judiciary technician with whom I spoke with told me at the time, f...).... I met this gentleman, for mere circumstance, in a course of MIG (metal inert gas) for scanning electronics und, at the time when I offered my services, let's call it, the Attorney General of the Republic, I sent the Judicial Police Scientific Laboratory knowingly. And more later, when I found out that our services were finally not being used and I wanted to to know what was going on I called this gentleman and, although I have a reception report of the fax saying “Scientific Laboratory of the Lisbon Judicial Police, ok”, which meant tha had been received, he hold me on the phone that he had received absolutely nothing. It was a big surprise for me.

Later, in the wake of such a presence in the ICT (Criminal Investigation Couri) (this also is reported, so I will not go into details now), what happens is that I went to talk with Dr. José Anes and he came to tell me that he had been heavily pressured und,

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gyen accused of having been planting false evidence, which was in particular those chemical traces on the situation:

Therefore, the Public Ministry behaved in a completely unprecedented way, worthy of a “bununa republic", not only for systematically combating all testimonies of visual witnesses that exist throughout the process, as for having reactions in the sense trying to dismantle the position of our colleagues at Técnico who analyzed the traces, and, for that, he questioned the methodology of the Judiciary Police.

So the whole process is truly shamefUL, and what happened to me and the conclusions that he drew from my testimony in the ICT, which are absolutely false, led me to press charges against him. To whom? To the Superior Council of the Ministry Public, that is, such arbitration thai is constituted by the president of the club's direction. O us a result, the lawsuit was closed.

Therefore, there is a systematic obstruction and this is only a complicated case because since the first hour an anti-investigation was carried out.

In the case of an investigation, it was mentioned here, for example, the case of Concorde, in which there was a flat iron that was found that didn't make sense, because it wasn't from that plane and concluded if: a) "this is what threw the plane down". And there was a flat iron. But here there is no flur iron, there is a lot of scrup, there ure a lot of huge things. It was ulways denied

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access to the wreckage; it was only in this committee that there was a group of experts who had access to the wreckage.

When I worked for the V Commission (I dont know', one of those commissions...) I explicitly asked to gain access to the wreckage and I was denied. There is even a report by RARDE (Royal Armament Research and Development Establishment), where they appear again microscopic aluminum particles - so it's more of a proof, in this case, by un external source, and they did not give due consideration to the dimensional aspect of the particles. Know that the families themselves had a legal struggle to access this report, because there was even the obstacle of submitting a technical report on the traces.

Regarding the work of the PGR, José Cavalheiro summarizes by stating that there was a falsification of methods in order to build a narrative:

In addition - and you can read, because the facts are there - I complained, in due time, of these facts in the respective bodies, that is, the Ombudsman and the Superior Council of the Public ministry. And what happens, given my testimonies, is that there is a behavior, throughout the whole process, by the same agent from the Ministry Audience that followed the entire Cumuruste process - specifically, so that there wus NO confusions, Attorney Boaventura Marques da Costu -, what huppens, I repeat - and I think that this should be kept in the minutes -, is that there is a complete falsification of the methodology and conclusions he draws, step by step from the process. And that gentleman had the distinctive "can" of

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build a narrative, as wę now say, around hypotheses that had no sustainabilin and to which, at the time, naively, 1 joined, which was the hypothesis that such firefighters cut the cables and caused the appearance of snails, which, afterwards, they appeared sirangely at the pilot's foot and that later came to be discovered, underneath. in the area where the hole in which the explosion occurred.

(...)

So this is a forgery. This gentleman committed a complete perjury and I presented complaint from him.

3. Facts found

The creation of a new Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy either the expected continuity of the investigations initiated by the previous IX CPITC, or the declarations of Fernando Farinha Simões in relation to the confessed perpetrators of the attack that victimized, others, Prime Minister Francisco Sá Carneiro and Defense Minister Adelino Amaro da Costa, to December 4, 1980.

In addition to the testimonies of the confessed agents involved in the attack, the CPI's work focused on their diverse and possible mobiles, as well as other issues: i) were the expertise of the Overseas Military Defense Fund (FDMU), as well as the audit of accounts of the CEMGFA Office, both drawn up within the framework of the VIII Commission of Inquiry into Tragedy Camarate, but that had the time limit of 1980 - this work would be carried out by the General Inspection of Finance, having been designated as “Final Audit to the

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Military Defense of Overseas ”; ii) the possibility of exporting arms to Iran in 1980), and above all the concern expressed by the government of the time on the subject, was one of the possible reasons for the attack on December 4, 1980; iii) a investigation into the origin of José Moreira's death on the eve of his testimony at the Commission Congressman of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy, in 1983; iv) numerous testimonies were heard, of which Diana Andringa and Isabel Veiga de Macedo stand out; vii) the confessed perpetrators of the attack, leading the present rapporteur to take stock of his versions relating to December 4, 1980; viii) political and military entities were heard who, depending on the political positions they held at the time, they could contribute to the clarification of facts; ix) Finally, some difficulties were felt during the work of the CPI, which described in the next chapter.

3.1. Historical context

3.1.1. Testimony of Júlio Castro Caldas

The present Commiltec of Inquiry sought to ascertain the context in whicli, at the time of the facts,

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processed the sale of arms in Portugal - in particular because at the date of December 4, 1980 there was a trade embargo on Iran - what is the real purpose of the existing funds of the Overseas Military Defense Fund and who was then responsible, and even in which extent these situations could somehow be related to the death of the Prime Minister Minister, Minister of National Deſense and other occupants of the plane.

In this sense, the hearing of Júlio Castro Caldas, a personal friend of Adelino Amaro da Costa, president of the PSD Parliamentary Group, at the time of the facts and that in 1999 took over the Defense portfolio.

This testimony had as its starting point a conversation held in Parliament between the then defense minister and Júlio Castro Caldas, when he was president of the PSD parliamentary group, between October and November 1980 23.

On the content of this meeting, he reported:

  • What Adelino Amaro da Costa talked to me at that time was about the complexity of delimitation of these competences benveen what would be an effectively military area and the area of competence of the Ministry of National Defense. One of the issues that was addressed in this conversation, obviously, was the export capacity of the war material that Portugal had at the time and, basically, the use, in that export, of war surpluses. The Fund does not was the subject of conversation, so I can't say anything about it; because I don't have even no precise indication of the conjectures that can be presented out this question. I never inquired. In relation to the models of action and supervision of the Ministry of

It is recalled that the legislative elections took place on October 5, 1980, with the victory of the Alliance Democratic, which included the PSD, CDS and PPM. 3 In this sense, he stated: “I confirm than I did have a friendly relurionship with Adelino Amaro da Costa since high school, I knew him well, und that after he served as Minister of Defense, I spoke only once with him about the functions he performed in the Ministry of Defense"

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Defense on the export activity of military material, I had to worry later, when ved as Minister of Defense. And therefore, about this I will have some idea thai I can pass on to the Honorable Members. The concern that Adelino Amuro da Costa revealed to me was mainly due to the difficulty in obtaining information information about the mechanisms. about the societies that existed about the capacity of protection that the Ministry of Defense even had over the military industry that it worked then"

And further added:

« At the time, in the course of this conversation, what was analyzed was the complexity of the topic itself and the squeamish that existed in a situation of uncertainty of competences, about who competed guardianship". He clarified: “ There was, therefore, a legislative and technical uncertainty as to whether military leaders to continue to protect part of the matter, including the deposits of military material with war surplus, or wherher the Ministry of Defense would be the entity

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compelent to protect private companies operating in the sector, and there were many private companies operating in the sector. There was an uncertainty about whether competence for enforcement of international arms trafficking embargoes would be the Ministry of Defense, if the war surpluses could be exported uncensored to war theaters and ongoing operutions, namely African war theaters and the war Iran / Iraq'

Asked if the situation of uncertainty covered those who had the authority to insure the embargo of arms, which was defined internationally and to which the country was committed, answered:

«I think that in the content of that conversation there was this concern. It is obvious that the embargo (...) would have to be executed by the Portuguese Government, and therefore it would be up to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs ensure compliance with these guidelines of international law. But what is certain is that the boundary of what was luufUL and what was illicit would not be very clear ».

Asked who, al the institutional level, the then Minister of Defense would have placed this question, Júlio Castro Caldas contextualized the moment that was then lived as follows:

The information systems that existed at the time were military systems and had obvious political contamination, with huge suspicion of the links that existed in the systems military with the previous information system we knew, which, let us call it at name, it was the International State Defense Police (PIDE). So, deep down, there was a effort to decontaminate this influence, since the prosecution and trial of the agents of the former PIDE and that effort was a military effort, as they were tried in military courts. So that (it is recognized] how military structures are resilient to changes, suffice it 10 say that it was in my Ministry, 30 years later, that ended compulsory military service, which drafted the Code of Military Justice, which regulated the Military Discipline Regulation and that the competences were established specific to the Military Judicial Police. Therefore, at the time it could be discussed whether, perhaps, there had been no political declaration by the Government that they considered accident. And this statement, that they considered the occurrence an accident, is the first imponderable act of political contamination because it completely discourages

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investigation of any police effort, be it the Military Judicial Police, be it the Judiciary Police. Therefore, this first political contamination of the investigation made, in a Republic ihar had a notable organizational institutional weakness in the field of exercise judicial power - I remind the Honorable Members then the judicial power is practically untouched since the chapter on judicial power in the Constitution was written as was - for the Government, an enormous difficulty in dealing with two of the most resilient to change, that is, the judiciary and the military system. And therefore, I'm not bee to be able to know if, in the Minister Council chuired by Dr. Sá Carneiro, this would have been approached. I admit that yes, it is predictable thai yes. It is predictable, in particular, that Prof. Freitas do Amaral, who was always very concerned with these issues and who was the author of the first national defense law, if it had contrasted with the difficulties that the

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Defense Minister would have difficulties, which at the time were very large, very strong. Only a man with the courage of Adelino Amaro da Costa could have taken over with the effectiveness with which he assumed the role of Minister of Defense at such an adverse and difficult as it was to move from the powers of the Council of the Revolution to the powers of a government ».

Asked to clarify the meaning of his statement, made in the explanation of vote on the report of the I Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry, in which it participated, according to which there was resistance from some entities to the work of the Commission", said:

  • What I can say is that the first resistance was a resilience to what could be consider Parliament's investigative competence, because investigative competence of Parliament emerged, for the first time, with autonomous power in relation to the judiciary. And therefore, the resistance was to what could be called the “judicial system", which that Parliament and the investigative function of a parliamentary committee of inquiry do not... (...) Portugal is a country of competences with the prerogatives of the respective competences and clash between powers. And therefore, the interest and public order of the work of a committee research was not well recognized and was considered as «there comes another politiquice!", a politiquice of politicians interfering with those who have the competence to effectively perform its functions with rechnicality. This was the first resistance. Then the political resistance within the majority itself, which demanded a need for political pacification, so as not to appear objective interferences that prevent the necessary pacification for what was later considered parliamentary work constitutional review. And therefore, this was also considered within the majority. as a passive resistance to the interest of developing investigative work of that Commission. Political contamination also cume later, as it was not possible to have a totally aseptic view of the causality necessary for the harmfUL event, because political imputations between the left and the righe began to be made. It's the first resistance that arises is from the entire left parliamentary component to interpret the functioning of the Commission as a throwing ball against the left itself. Not us we can forget about the violence that existed in the years before 1980 between whai you can call "left" and "right" in the so-called "hot summer". The Judiciary Police put in a strong crisis by the very way the Members of the Commission were going interrogating the agents responsible for the investigation, which, today, seen at the distance, I recognize that the verbalization of criticism in the confrontation of these investigative agents it was very violent, very critical, resented it, which is natural, and also made a refusal.

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(...) You will ask me: was there no approach to any military aspect? There wasn'ı! THE Commitee of Inquiry did not address any factualities thai could be related to the exercise of military power, and this means the complexity that existed in a Parliament that he intended to make a statement of a civil nature in the constitutional structures of the State ».

Asked to clarify what he meant by " political contamination of the investigation", he replied:

<<

Clarifying and contextualizing my statement, political contamination is based on the

moment when political power - and when I say "political power" I say "governmeni" - declares

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perpetually that it was un accident and that this statement, that it was an accident, has as function the political objective of pacification of the Portuguese society in around this event. Let us remember that it was necessary to vote and elect a new Parliament and thut, therefore, the political intention that the rulers had was to effectively make this statement as if it were a kind of calming, a calming so that the tragedy could not be interpreted as a throwing weapon against whoever it was. This is the first-rate political contamination that has weakened enormously the investigative power, which, at the time, was attributed to the Judiciary Police? THE The answer is simple: one of the inspectors, unburdened, here in Parliament, said "so, if the government already said it was an accident, why do we have to investigate ?! » This perplexity went through the Judiciary Police. The second contamination was the object of a throwing weapon between the left and the right, and he did it several times in different situations. Tragedy was the object as a throwing weapon in the media, in suspecting blame to the people. Therefore, it is not with impunity that 30 years later we continue to discuss this subject ».

Asked if he heard Adelino Amaro da Costa say that he was concerned with the issue of arms trafficking replied:

« ... ) It was here, in Parliament, that I had this conversation with him. Later, I came, by exercise to recognize how complex this fimction of homologating an endorsement of armamenis, and therefore to understand how it would be possibk: 22 years before interfere in those issues that were even covered by confidentiality in thes. State and militury secrecy, where, therefore, the people who intervened in this type of activities had a great guurantee of reserve and secrecy about all these operations. We must not forget that arms are only exported to places where there is war. Therefore, if it is to supply one of the warring parties, obviously everything must be done. with enormous secrecy at the risk that operations could fail, the enemy might discover that the arms supply effort could be sabotaged. On the other hand, Portugal, in this matter, had practically zero experience, since all the effort of Portuguese war was guided by national factories and national factories towards a classic type war. The import of armament was when it became necessary to provide aircraft, acquire aircraft, acquire more sophisticated equipment and the people who were linked to imporis were under all the rules of secrecy, secrecy NATO, namely - NATO secrecy was effectively ensured with efficiency and professionalism -, but then they went on to exporr. For some surpluses I was the one who ended up destroying them and I can't help but bring yours memory what was the dehare here about the installation of an industry that was dedicated

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to destroy the millions of personal mines that existed. At the time it was not noticed that Portugal could dispose of this equipment, of highly lethal personal mines, highly prohibited by war conventions, and that were destroyed in the equipment that during the my mandate was built. Amaro da Costa would have had this conversation with me exactly

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because it wasn't casy, and it wasn't

easy with the military power that existed at the time and with the connections that existed for private companies operating in the import lind export sector of armaments, establish the exercise of guardianship, an effort thut he made and that asserted me be doing ».

Asked, given the fact that, having also served as Defense Minister, could clarify the Commission on the arms loading circuit, in particular to Iran Iraq, when the international embargo was taking place, he replied:

  • Today, the investigative leads will be faced with the disappearance of all materiality - and when I say "disappearance of all materiality" I mean "Documentary materialily” - and, part of these operations, perhaps, would not even have coverage documentary on how the bill of lading needed to untangle a ship in a pori could exist. But, if we had had the ability to investigate the bill of lading that would exist in the clearance of goods transport vessels in the port of Setúbal and in the port of Lisbon, perhaps we would have documentation that would provide us with clues on this matter. Whan I can say is that in some of the trucks, which I learned about by accessing other processes criminal cases, criminal cases that tried to break through the urms embargo, the armament (clandestine cargo) that would be exported in the bill of lading, was normally identified as agricultural material and agricultural material was not subject to any restrictions on the bill of lading and landing. The transport roule, that is still used today - I repeat, Messrs. Deputics, still used today, this is the information that, obviously, throughout my life, I've been trying to recognize and understand -, remains Lebanon. Syria continues to be supplied through Lebanon and, therefore, with the civil war in Syria - at the momeni, with all embargoes-, continues to have traffic clandestine armament for both belligerents. I repeat, "for both belligerents", and this is also very complicated, because the supply of equipment to one side of belligerents is also done, perhaps, under cover of undercover operations from different nations, and we are already talking not about services within the scope of a NATO burt of specific services that started to have individual and political objectives autonomous. And it is not by chance that today we discover that France itself is taking the initiative to trigger a military operation autonomously, with its own services and capabilities. My conviction is that, under cover of Portuguese exporis, it was clandestine military equipment was dispatched to Lebanon und then Syrian forces, who were active in Lehunon at the time, would have brought armament to their respective belligerents!

Asked to clarify whether, when talking about illegal shipment, shipments went through Lisbon and Setúbal, were only made of Portuguese material (the war surplus, as you mentioned) or if the our ports also served to transfer other equipment or other materials military with other origins and that went together in the same cargo and if there was any news of this type of international arms traffic operations with other origins, replied:

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« I can only mention conjeciures, because othersise, perhaps, I wouldn'r be alive either. IS

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obviously the report came up, which, in stang, is known to people who deal in around this theme by October Surprise . October Surprise - the report that contains some mentions or disclosures of material considered secret by the United States of America - allou's you to guess the existence of a link. The conjecture of the existence of a link also passes for information, which has been obtained by journalistic investigations, that there may have been a negotiation, brokered by the French secret services, to release the hostages in order to which would be consummated in exchange for the supply of material considered essential for the Iranian air force - und we must not forget that the Shah of Persia was one of the largest purchasers of American war material and that airplanes, with the attrition of the war, needed refitting, that Iran would not be able to effect. And, regarding this material - I use the language “material" as being information services material - I always hoped that I could be released of the military secret of the United States of America after 30 years. Perhaps not yet wus, but the mention and conjecture that is made in October Surprise is that there would be a secret convention for the delivery of some spare parts to the Iranian air force and that, in exchange of this negotiation, negotiated by the French, the hostages would be released time of the Americun election, which came to elect President Reagan”.

Asked if the conversation he had with the defense minister was in any way related with the fact that, on November 11, 1980, the newspaper Portugal Hoje made a headline with a alleged arms shipment to Iran, which was denied on the same day, according to the press, with a note from the Ministry of National Defense and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, answered:

« Now that you talk 10 me about it, I admit that it was following that information thur this came about in the conversation with Adelino Amaro da Costa. I have no memory that it was this news that triggered the need for conversation or the need for information exchange'.

Asked to clarify whether the conversation he had with Adelino Amaro da Costa cffective prohibitions, which would have alrcady beca madc, on arms cxports, namely those alrcady mentioned, for Guatemala and Indonesia, relations, not necessarily with the Ocrober Surprise , but with the famous Lisbon Connection , and it was still possible to mention which individualities, in his opinion, will have been important in the direction of both private companies and, above all, public companies which in 1980 ensured the trade in military material, namely COMETNA, Explosivos da Trafaria and some of the private companies replied:

« As for the Lisbon Connection report , I haven't read it, I don't know it, I'm not able to issue un opinion on it. There was, of course, a Lisbon Connection. I'm sure there was a Lisbon Connection! (...) Portugal was a country, therefore, without State aut with limited police and investigative capacity a the time and therefore permeable to all type of clandestine and covert operations, therefore usefUL for the use of the Portuguese runway. Ask me if it was done with the use of special israeli services, for sure it is, because, in large part of the supply of the various military interventions that occurred in Lebanon, interference from Israeli secret services was constant. If it was these secret services that set up illegal export operations in Portugal did not

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I am able to suy it, I have no idea, I have no indication of names, I have no suspicions, I can only make a conjecture, that Portugal, in the 1980s, was certainly a Eusy country to set up covert operations ».

Requested to clarify - after mentioning EXTRA (Trafaria Explosives) and COMETNA as companies that acted in the arms trade - to which military entity do these private companies and reported and whether this was a domain in which other military personnel, individually, in active or in reserve, they acted frequently, he replied:

« I begin by answering the last question: military personnel in the reserve. I don't know what percentage that worked in this sphere of activity, but it was usual, it was usual to he military reserve those interested in this type of operations. The ratification order of the constitution companies with this object was in a first phase, although not regulated, in the military leaders who were competent to approve, or not, the constitution of companies, with discretionary criteria, criteria that still remain today, and not there was a unity, as far as I know and under penalty of being able to make a mistake, approval procedure. In other words, if you ask me if i was the Chief of Staff of the Army (CEME) which, at the time, had the authority to ratify the social pact of a of these societies or if it was a delegated representative of the Revolution Council who had the competence to ratify the statutes of one of these companies, the answer given to it I give, my memory and what I know of the statutory regulations of the Council of Revolution, is that there was competence delegated to a member of the Revolution Council for the approval of companies operating in the sector. Competence for homologation statutory and discretionary criteria in relation to the identity of the partners of these companies, namely the requirement for criminal record certificates, military service, a set of other information, and, it could almost be suid, that they were discretionary and trustworthiness criteria similar to those of Banco de Portugal on bankers, with all the flaws ihat this can contain from the irony of what is here today we discussed. But the information I have is that after the operation itself dictates, ratified the statute, ratified the operation with what in slang is called the endorsement of armament, which was a political assessment of the final recipient, is that Stumbles happen. Stumbles happen because the final recipient may not be the effective - if it is in the tax haven, it is certainly not effective - and there is a need for services information using material classified as 'secret', thar is, considered absolutely tamper-proof at the top of the security rating, to ask whether the company that is in Nicaragua, Puerto Rico or Latin America is the final recipient of the endorsement or if from there it goes to another site, whose order is no longer from the Portuguese minister but, perhaps, from the minister of the final recipient who could forward it in another sense, and it was this that happened. There is obviously an enormous hypocrisy in these types of operations, because all the western powers that produce war material have information to inform the respective ministers of the final recipient, although there are by the way interposed companies that say it is not so. Therefore, if the Deputy Ribeiro e Castro asks me to say which were the private companies that operated in Portugal at thut time I am not able to accurately identify some of them. But if perhaps, this Commission has an interest in scrutinizing the companies that at the moment operate in this sector, they are registered at the Commercial Registry Office, have a CAE (classificution of economic activities) specific, which classifies its object, und many

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of them have a very old usefUL life, some with more than 50 years. Some of these companies have been operating for a long time in Porturgal and legitimately, with perfectly valid operations and scrutinized. Why was Portugal a desirable country for this type of operations? Because it had huge war surpluses. The sale of material that was in excess was essential to profitable operations, and I am not just talking about small arms, even though there are war surpluses, but above all artillery war surpluses, with some moreover, unbelievable situations, such as the surplus of 1945 war in storerooms military and that, as nobody can get them out of there due to the instability of explosives, they are still there ».

Asked about the fact that, when Minister of Defense, he did not find the dispatches relating to the sale of armaments at the date of 1980, despite having sought them out, replied:

« My perplexity came from not having an archive organized so that one day historians can consult it, regarding the business domain properly said, the way the balance sheets and accounts of these two companies were presented to me, how they were closed, how they were liquidated, etc. At the residence of the Minister of Defense there was in fact a file, if you can call it the documentation there. found, where it was practically impossible for a layman in archivist matters and above all to u minister in office to conduct an efficient operational research on all this documentation that was in the Fort of São Julião da Barra. I don't think that documentution can now be located, and the obligation to transfer it to the urchives Ministries' documentation is also a beautifUL opportunity to misplace documentation. And therefore, the search I did was for individual voluntarism, with description, without diligence to instruct someone to do it, but always tuking advantage of the opportunities to iry to do it, to know where the documentation to know how, at thut time, Minister Amaro da Costa gave the order of homologation in arms endorsement I never got to see any dispatch from Adelino Amaro da Costa. I did several endorsement approval orders for armament. I know how to do it ».

Asked to clarify whether in the conversation with Adelino Amaro da Costa, when he transmitted the concern regarding the blocking of information to the Ministry of Defense, regarding the industry of arinaments and the Overseas Military Defense Fund, some names were mentioned, he stated:

  • I clarify that the Fund's matter was not discussed. On this matter, I have not had any discussion, nor any exchange of views. The blocking force obviously has the names of the Council of the Revolution and some of these names of the Council of the Revolution are known, there is no poin in verbalizing known names. There were alliances, made at the time, with members of the Revolution Council who would be favorable to the development constitutional that the AD proposed, and there were also vowels that were not. Therefore, it is evident that there was a political struggle at that time between the civilist forces and there were some alliances, also with the Socialist Party, to effectively introduce a institutional parliamentarization in the constitutional and functioning model and this is where the majorities that were obtained at that time to arrive at the revision appear constitutional. Now, if you ask me, objectively. if it wus Admiral x or Admiral y or if it was General y or General :1 am not able to tell you, my memory no longer

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says nothing. I am not able to identify whether Eng. Amaro da Costa defined me as an enemy main part of his so-and-so government action or... The resistance was systemic, of organization and of group, of closing, namely, having to say that the military discipline it was necessary to answer first to the military chief and then to the minister».

Asked about the military power that would be disturbing the Government and commenting if there was a kind of effective control of everything that had to do with Armed Forces, Judiciary Police, Military Secret Services, Public Security Police, Aliens and Borders Service, Fiscal Guard itself, among others, replied:

« Strange as it may seem, there is an episode between me and General Ramalho Eanes at a time where I did not agree with your decision to send a military man to the Judiciary Police and even said to him: «It seems to me the most wrong decision that can ever be do!", and it opened up to a certain controversy in this slightly frontal way with which said this, this at a stage when there was effectively a concern to control all these police authorities. He asked me for a comment. DINFO was obviously perhaps the most efficient use of all of them, but there were even functioning military services that they existed in practice but they did not exist in reality. I can mention an example: DIMIL (Division Military Information). DIMIL was a military military intelligence organization that there was no organizational chart in the Ministry, but it was nevertheless the system of most effective information I could find in my Ministry. So before the revien constitutional, this network obviously existed and I was critical of it».

About the fact that the FDMU was not addressed in the conversation he had with Adelino Amaro da Costa clarified:

« Why didn't I discuss the issue of the famous Fund with him? For two reasons: knowing him very well of the relationships that I had during the "hor summer" with the Group of Nine and of the relationship I had with General Ramalho Eanes and knowing that he had participared in much of November 25 operations with specific and personal knowledge having been involved, I would never accept a conversation that a responsibility to General Ramalho Eanes of whatever it was with regard 10 to this Overseas Military Defense Fund. And therefore, I never talked to him about it, but purposely didn't want this to be the subject of conversation, becuuse it could spoil including our relationships. So I never had it. They ask me if I came later 10 look for the destination of the funds and if there are still balances - I think this is the concern of the Deputies. Now. I think it was Prof. Cavaco Silva who was in charge of carry out this compatibility of the Fund's balances and integrate them in the Ministry's organization Finance, since the Chief of Staff of the United States made absoluely no sense. Armed Forces can continue to have a "blue hag". because the Fund functioned us a "blue bag". as far as I could tell, 10 finance covert operations. some of these operations the Portuguese State did. And later, as Minister, I came to have the live account of personnel who participuted in covert operations, such as financing the

Savimbi. Savimbi was for a long time

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the way that the Armed Forces had to do it could only be through institutions similar to this Fund. The idea I have is that, from the Ministry of Defense budget, that Fund disappeared and was somehow'... »

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3.1.2. Testimony by Francisco Pinto Balsemão

In the aforementioned context, a number of questions were referred to Francisco Pinto Balsemão, who date of the facts he was Deputy Prime Minister and who assumed the post of Prime Minister in January 1981. Given his status as State Councilor, he replied in writing.

Asked what information he had regarding the Overseas Military Defense Fund, when served as Prime Minister - regardless of whether the Fund was not associated at the time Camarate replied:

« I had no information about the Overseas Military Defense Fund (FDMU). Note that the FDMU was managed by the Armed Forces Chief of Staff, as stated in a clarification by General António Ramalho Eanes, published in the Diário de Notícias of 29 November 2010 (see Annex 1- A) and was extinguished by the Decree-Law of the Council of the Revolution no. 548/80 of November 18, 1980 (see Annex 1-8), before, therefore, I took office as Prime Minister, on January 9, 1981 ».

Asked how he accompanied the then Minister of Defense, Diogo Freitas do Amaral (when Francisco Pinto Balsemão was Prime Minister] the alleged arms trafficking, replied:

«I do not remember having received any official coinmunication on the subject. I remember. yes, of having appeared in the newspaper Tal e Qual of June 1, 1984, a big title in which I, Professor Freitas do Amaral and my Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor André Gonçalves Pereira, we were accused of making money from arms sules (see Annex 2 - A) I filed a defamation suit against that newspaper, which was sentenced to a compensation of 2,500 contos (see sentence - Annex 2 - 8). I clarify that this amount was fully handed over to a social solidarity institution, just as it has happened with other amounts received as a result of judgments handed down in proceedings that, for similar reasons, I was forced to try. I reported this sud episode to the Vill Commission Parliamentary Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy, as set out in the respective Minutes (see Annex 3 - page 35)».

Annex 2-B that accompanies Francisco Pinto Balsemão's response consists of a judgment of the Supreme Court of Justice, of May 28, 1999, related to the proc. No. 81.783, where Author Francisco José Pereira Pinto Balsemão and Réus José Rocha Vieira and the company Repórteres Associados, Lda. object of the lawsuit is the content of a story published in the June 1, 1984 issue of the newspaper “ Tal & Qual”, which presents on the first page, under the photographs of lreitas do Amaral, André Gonçalves Pereira and Francisco Balsemnão, the following litle: “ They played a dirty trick to selling weapons 10 Iraq "and, in subtitle" But the current Government also turba cu balind try to film bralasit of

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Weapons to Iran, while selling ammunition to both countries”.

Within this edition, under the title "Portugal gets your hands dirty in the fran-Iraq war", you can read:

« Thanks to a dirty move sponsored by the Government that Pinto Balsemão headed in 1981, Iraqi troops have sophisticated night vision equipment in their war against Iran of "ayatollah" Khomeini. They are glasses and binoculars that allow you to see almost clearly at night. They were sent from the Netherlands to Lisbon over the last two

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years, under the pretext that they were destined for the Portuguese Armed Forces signed by the fist of the National Armuments Director), but went on to Iraq. It's the business, which reached a global value of 65 million dollars (about two and a half million at the current exchange rate). only stopped last December because an ecologist deputy Irishman raised the hare in the Parliament of his homeland”.

Between matter of fact made by instances it refers to the judgment " was un import of uplicUL equipment referring to puges 103, 104, und 105 w 111 by the Bourd Nacional de Armamento through the Portuguese firm Optagrex - importação e Exportação, Lda., such equipment was later re-exported to Iraq. This operation was carried oui, based on documents signed by the Director General of Armament, General Costa Álvares, through the Portuguese firm Optagrex - Importação e Exportação, Lda. material was imported for the exclusive use of the Portuguese Armed Forces and came to be re-exported to Iraq".

It should be noted, as the judgment itself points out, what was at issue was not the veracity of the business itself, but the author's involvement in that business. In this sense, the judgment underlines“ that, in fact, if it is accurate than the RR. They were able to prove that there was a re-export of military nature for Iraq - and this did not merit criticism or even objection from A. - the that what was at stake in this action is in the news, it was not this veracity, but the involvement of the A. in this operation". On this issue - it should also be mentioned - the court considered it “ evident that the RR. They were unable to prove - and that was their burden - that the fact was true and exacı”.

In reply to the questions posed by the Commission, Francisco Pinto Balsemão said he did not remember whether Did Diogo Freitas do Amaral ever refer you to the files he found at the Ministry of Defense, referring that belween the death of Francisco Sá Cameiro, on December 4, 1980, and the on January 9, 1981, the VII Constitutional Government, to which he presided, the post of Prime Minister Minister was exercised by the Deputy Prime Minister of the VI Constitutional Government, Diogo Freitas do Amaral, and that, in the VII Constitutional Government, the linister of National Defense was Luís de Azevedo Coutinho.

3.1.3. Testimony by Diogo Freitas do Amaral

At the time of the l'acts, Diogo Freitas do Amaral was Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Business Foreigners, assuming the role of Interim Prime Minister after December 4, 1980 and

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yntappeainnusyrir hendrerit togel Sidney nerbeehelpepo hatarisha Pinsepareutendeke portfolio remained with the interim Prime Minister.

Asked who in the government took on the responsibility of going to Adelino Amaro's office da Costa see the documents that were on top of his desk, as he left to the Porto rally, one would expect him to return the next day - in particular because the Minister of Defense, on 2 December, had addressed a letter to the office of the General Staff of Armed Forces to request that it urgently inform what it deemed convenient about the arms sales to Iran - replied:

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« As far as I remember, when the Council of Ministers met after the news of the accident, around 10 or 11 pm, and made the first decisions about what was to be done, it was understood that, under the terms of the Constitution, I temporarily assumed the functions of interim Prime Minister, for being Deputy Prime Minister, who delegated the grearest part of the responsibilities of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the then Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs, which was Mr. Eng. Luís Azevedo Coutinho: what about functions of Minister of National Defense, I do not recall that they were assigned specifically to any member of the government but, under the terms of the Constitution, if not there was no one ro replace Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa, and I believe that there was no Secretary of State for Defense at that time that responsibility turned out to be whoever were Prime Minister. I must say that it did not occur 10 me, such was the shock in which I met that day for the death of people so close and so friendly, it didn't occur to me who, as a substitute for the Minister of Defense, should go 10 his office and I did not go. I started going to the Prime Minister's office every day, at the official residence of S. Bento, where I was, incidentally, impeccably supported by the people who belonged to Dr. Sá's office Carneiro, also went a day or to a week to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, where maintained my office, hur in fact I never went to Minister Adelino Amaro da Coast. I suppose, but I cannoi swear it was so, that whoever was in charge of gathering the documents that Eng. Amaro da Costa might have in his office or in some folder who had stayed in the office, I suppose it was your chief of staff at the time, that I I knew him very well, Hugo Rocha ».

Asked if in these functions he did not receive any dossier or urgent document, namely conceming NATO. which deserved urgent dispatch, replied:

« I did not receive any list of files nor did I receive any set of files. I remember that the Ministry of Defense at that time had a very small support service and a Movement of very, very limited roles and bureaucracy. It is very possible that some subjects, namely related to Nuto, or others, had been dispatched during those 30 davs when I was in that interim role, hur I don't remember tha any greur importance, because for this whole period. my memory is no longer it records all the details, but the important things I usually remember, I remember

me from the conversations I had with the Minister of Transport because of the cominission of inquiry

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that took place in civil aeronautics, I remember the conversation I had with the Deputy Minister, Dr. Francisco Pinto Balsemão who became the PSD's main representative in the coalition. I'm pretty sure, or at least I don't remember, that I didn't get a concrete list of pending matters, or matters in progress, and in particular, I did not take notice at that time - only much later, during one of the visits to these commissions -, did I take knowledge of this letter by Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa to the General Staff. That that is to say that during those 30 days I did not insist on the General Staff General, I did not notice or was not informed that there was any urgent matter and as I really knew that the ministry had little time and little dispatch, I felt that curiosity».

Asked if there was any Government effort to question the authorities about the possibility that documents that the Prime Minister had found in the wreckage of the plane

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Minister or the Minister of Defense were hearers, who were confidential and whose confidentiality was necessary to guarantee, he replied:

« Nothing was communicated to me. The very existence of the suitcase. I only came to know it a lot later, I don't know if through the press or, later, in one of the parliamentary committees investigation, I assume that as the Judiciary Police was at the scene, it was take care of any documents or folders or objects of that type, but in fact at the time nothing was said to us ».

Questioned by the fact that, in his book on Camarate, he mentions that the Minister of Defense had well-founded suspicions that there were irregularities in the functioning of the FDMU and, as also there, he was unaware of the decree-law that extinguished this Fund, and bearing in mind that on 12 November the Government had made an unofficial note regarding the news from the newspaper Portugal Hoje, on arms sales to Iran, why didn't you feel the concem to see what's going on with the functioning of the referred Fund, knowing the void created with the disappearance of the Minister of Defense, replied:

« I believe that this is indeed what happened. My explanation is this: neither me nor any other members of the government, nor any of the chiefs of cubinet, had any experience of a similar or similar situation. We were all in u state of shock and we lived those 30 days until the formation and inauguration of the VII government Constitutional, chaired by Dr. Francisco Pinto Balsemão, we are in an abnormal situation. For some of great suffering, for others it was of great hurt, for others it was of total disorientation, because nobody knew if the Democratic Alliance was going to continue or not, who was going be the next prime minister, nobody knew if the coalition was able to continue or not, nobody knew, I mean now the ministers in particular and the secretaries of state if your experience was going to end. (...) Furthermore, as Minister for Foreign Affairs and in replacement of the National Defense, I also lived very distressed hours, in contact permanent with the President of the Republic, because news reached me through the

NATO of an imminent Soviet invasion of Poland, where the Solidarity union had

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seized power or won elections, I no longer remember where General Jaruzelski had ended to impose a state of siege or was on the verge of doing so and where in the Warsaw Pact discussed whether to invade Poland or not. (...) This new's (...) also occupied a large part my spirit, the spirit of the President of the Republic and the military authorities”.

He further clarified:

«The whole country, or at least a large part of it, also experienced moments of great anguish. For some, especially in pain at the death of Dr. Sá Carneiro and Eng. Amaro da Costa, for others of legitimate apprehension about what could result from it all. I have no doubts affirming that in the area of the PS and the PCP one may have feared that as a result of whar had passed, there would be a setback in the Portuguese democratic process and eventually a military intervention that ended the suspension of the democracy. Water Gipuernicnt] always in the conviction that the institutions were pronto indeudda seir day. And if there was any matter that should be brought to the attention of the ministers or the prime minister, it would be brought to their attention. In some cases was. I remember the Minister of Transport, on the second or third day, having requested an urgent hearing, and posed the following problem: the embassy of the United

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United States transmitted the US government's offer of accident experts to come to Portugal to participate in the survey that is taking place through the commission appointed by the Minister of Transport". They concluded that “once this inquiry is mandatory under Portuguesc law "and“ since this commission has not yet arrived at the end of their work, it does not seem appropriate to call in foreign experts and put them forcibly on that commission:

Asked if he didn't question the reasons for the plane crash when, a week later December 4, a telegram from the London Ambassador is brought to him, in which the possibility of an attack, and if, at that time, he did not call at least the head of office of the Minister of Defense, or did not give instructions to have access to the documents were in the office of Eng. Amaro da Costa, whose concems about the FDMU he knew, and attentive the context that was then lived - the constitutional revision project had started in September 1980s, there was a need for extinction of the revolutionary council, which was delicate - and the Prof. Dr. Freitas do Amaral, in his book on Camarate, considered the issue of the FDAU as the fundamental question, he replied:

« I don't have that interpretation. I believe that during those first days and then during following period there was no doubt about the transition to the period subsequeni to the extinction of the Revolutionary Council, not least because there were atready public positions known, since at least 1980. Ihar both the PSD, the CDS, and the Socialist Pariy supported the extinction of the Revolutionary Council and the subordination of the armed forces to power democratic civil political. This issue, as far as I am concerned, has never touched on this matter, nor was it an urgent matter ver because who was Minister of National Defense in the first Dr. Balsemão's government, benveen January and July or August 1981, vas a leader of the CDS, the Eng. Luís Azevedo Coutinho, who had been my Secretary of State for Business

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Foreigners in the government of Dr. Sá Carneiro and who went to Minister of Defense, succeeding the Eng. Amaro da Costa. He never told me at the time in these sir or seven months problems. What he was telling me was what kind of National Defense and Armed Forces law is that we should prepare to present at the right time. And he even showed me a preliminary project about which I made comments, which he later had to rework and which served me base for when I was Minister of Defense, from September, in the second government of Dr. Balsemān, in the VIII constitutional government, could write by my hand the proposed law, in terms that are known. What I did when I received the London Telegram - and it says in that book - went to call the secretary general of the Ministry of Business who was, at the time, the most senior official at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (...) who had diplomatic functions, he was the head of Portuguese diplomacy (...) so I called him and said “take it easy immediately the telegram. with my dispatch, to the director of the Judiciary Police ". Mine institutional concern was that, having received that telegram, send it to the entity that, by law, I had to investigate what had happened, and, above all, if there had been any crime or not. I confess that it never occurred to me to know whether or not there were documents in the Eng. Amaro da Costa, it never occurred to me. I admit, but I no longer remember, I admit that the boss Engro Amaro da Costa's office came to talk to me during that 30-day period, I admit that yes, it is almost natural, it is almost ceriain that it will have come, but as much as mine memory recalls, he didn't say anything to me, nor did he give me anything, so I can only conclude that either there was nothing in the office of Eng. Amaro da Costa, relevant, or he sent directly to the Judiciary Police, who did not give me anything, nor did they tell me that

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he had discovered this or that, or that one. I just wanted to explain one more thing: what i knew, at the time, that only Eng. Amaro da Costa, because he told me, was investigating the Overseas Military Defense Fund and had found what seemed to him irregularities in the functioning of this Fund, but I knew nothing more than thai. Me I only came to know, through the Repori of the Vili Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry, that I came to know that there was parallel accounting and that, alongside official accounting, where tens of thousands of contos passed, there was an unofficial account where millions of contos passed. I only cume to know this from the Report of the VIII Commission Parliamentary Inquiry, which is why I placed such importance in my book on this issue. What the hell: if the official accounting only talks about tens of thousands of contos, and if there is a parallel, illegal, clandestine accounting, in which millions move, this must be the main point to investigate. (.....) I don't know if it was investigated, if not; I don't know if some conclusion, or not, but if there was anything serious, it was that. At least Thar. There could be a few more. But that was certainly a very serious issue. Only that I didn't know at the time (...) it didn't occur to me that the key to the problem, a problem that I didn't know about these details (...) could be in documents that had been in the Eng. Amar da Costa's office».

Questioned about having questioned the date as to the possibility of an attack, and what would be the your reason, replied:

<< ...) it is clear that it is. I believe that there was not a single person in this country' (...) who did not

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with Dr. Francisco Pinto Balsemão, who was, as I said, the Minister more, of more hierarchy, that represented the PSD in that Government, and would become the next Prime Minister, either with the President of the Republic, either with two or three leaders of my party. Well, I must to say that at the time our information was practically nil (...) and the first conviction we had was that, if it was attempted, it was against Dr. Sá Carneiro, and had to do with the enthusiasm that led to the fact that in the second elections he ran thousands of votes - passed, save for error, from 45 10 47.5% of the votes, and therefore the first interpretation, if it was attempted, it must have been for Dr. Sá Carneiro, to stop this movement (...) if there was attempt was against Dr. Sá Carneiro, and it was for political reasons (...) the Dr. Sá Carneiro was elected, he and the Coalition, for another four years, and therefore this was the our first interpretation. I admit that in other quarters, namely in quadrants on the Portuguese left, there have been other interpretations. The first, ours. that was it. And it was only much later, much later, that this hypothesis started to be ruled out, and to focus attention on the hypothesis that the attack was against Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa. And only then did he make the connection with the investigations he was doing on the [Military] Defense of Overseas and its irregularities, which we did not know what they were. But there was a moment, I don't know how to specify - you know for sure -, there was a moment when one of the Parliamentary Committees of Inquiry said 'this must not have been against Dr. Sá Carneiro, this must have been against Eng. Amaro da Costa'. And only from there is it that attention began to be given to what could have motivated an attempt on those against Eng. Amar da Costa, Minister of Defense. But this, this notion was much, much later to those first moments, much later. The widespread belief was that it was either uccident, unUL then it wasn't uguinst anyone, or it wus un ultempi, and it was against Dr. Sá Carneiro, who he was the leader of the Democratic Alliance, and he had almost half the country with him, in short, and more

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half of the Deputies of the Assembly of the Republic. And so that was the first conviction, which lasted a long time ».

He added the following:

«(...) I admit that some people, or many, have made this transfer possible object of Dr. Sá Carneiro's artack on Eng. Amaro da Costa very quickly. Me I confess thar I didn't do it all that quickly. It was only much later that I became convinced that, with based on data obtained from the different Parliamentary Commissions of Inquiry, which, in fact, it probably would have been for Eng. Amaro da Costa. The fact that Dr. Sú Carneiro does not walk with the plane as a rule, that plane being a plane that carried Eng. Amaro da Costa in that campaign, and also General Soares Carneiro, and the issue of investigations to the Fund, this did not make us think as soon as the attack was on Eng. Amaro da Costa, everything was open. It could have been for Dr. Si Carneiro, as an undisputed leader from AD; it could have been for General Soares Carneiro, who also rode thai plane in several displacements of his campaign, which would make the Presidential Elections to have to go back, because, according to our law, a presidential candidate dies in the course of campaign, the campaign goes back to the beginning, and there is a deudline for the forces presented or supported thai candidate can present another, which is, by the way.

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perfectly reasonable. So, everything was open (...) my memory, but I can he mistaken, is that the concentration of probabilities in the figure of Eng. Amaro da Costa was much later ».

Regarding the constitutional review, and the new framework of the Armed Forces, Diogo Freitas do Amaral states that the statements made at the X CPITC reproduce, in essence, what he had said in an interview with RTPI:

«(...) I made statements to guarantee the Portuguese Armed Forces, and the parties politicians who might be suspicious of the Government's intentions, that the extinction of the Revolution Council and the subordination of the Armed Forces to civilian power would not imply any partisanship or any politicization of the Armed Forces. And I gave guarantees expressed in that interview, for which, incidentally, I was very congratulated, both by civilian politicians and by military chiefs, and which he effectively represented, in the reassurance of the Armed Forces and, I dare say, from a significan part of the Council of the Revolurion, as to what was being prepared, both in terms of constitutional revision and in terms of the Law of National Defense and Armed Forces. The constitutional review, if I remember correctly, was passed in September, the National Defense and Armed Forces Act in November. But, everything was prepared together. I do not take anything away from what I will have said in thar passage before the [Parliamentary Inquiry Commission], I would now like to clarify that when I say that, because of the strategic objective of the constitutional review and the Digest Law Nawignal and Armed Forces] did not want to generate friction with the Armed Forces: Sancrat Staten it was true and I maintain it. That's why I shouldn't give too much importance to little things, it was true, and I maintain it. But in those little things, obviously, the investigation on Camarate. I would like to recall that (...) it was only in 1987 that the Government received the report from the nominated Commission in the field of civil aeronautics, and only much more It was late thar he received the first report from the Judiciary Police, and only after that, the insatiable contradiction between the conclusions of the Commission appointed in the field of aeronautics

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und the conclusions of the Judiciary Police is that the Attorney General of the Republic arrived the conclusion that it should open a public inquiry, open to all citizeris, to contribute more information, if they had il, to clarify that problem thai seemed unsolvable. Because the commission of civil aeronautical engineers concluded that had been a crime, and the commission of layers, or rather the group of lauyers from the ProsecuiorGeneral of the Republic concluded that it had been a technical failure. Therefore, technicians aeronautics said it was a crime, criminal technicians said it has a technical failure. This it didn't muke any sense, this was a schizophrenia of the Portuguese State. At the time solution that the Attorney General of the Republic, who had the competence 10 conducting the investigation process, adopted was the opening of the public inquiry. In this At the time, nothing was known about what were the irregularities that could be in the Overseas (Military) Defense Fund. They were only revealed, as far as I remember, by the VIII Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry; nothing was known to do with the Iran WarIraq, ir was not known ut all that there could be problems with exporting and importing weapons for this War or for others, and therefore (...) the terrain was still being felt.

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There were very few facts and very few documents and very few expert reports. Do not he knew practically nothing, only much later did something become known. And therefore I do not think it would be fair to accuse people who between 1980 and 1982 plaved roles governmental organizations, or even those, that performed them, until 1985/86, did not go to looking for details, because nobody knew details, nobody knew anything ».

Regarding the documents that would be in the office of the Minister of Defense, he stated:

«(...) As I said, I do not know, nor have I ever known, whether or not there were relevant documents in the office of the Minister of Defense, Eng. Amaro da Costa. Bur i assume that if there was, his chief of staff, who in fact was a friend and proved to be a faithfUL friend for many years, until he died, certainly that he gave them the destiny that he understood he should give; noi me delivered nothing, but something will have done. If you didn't, it's because there were no documents there relevant, or because they were destroyed by the plane fire in Camarate. There is no However, one thing I would like to find strange, is this: if the Minister of Defense sends an urgent office two days before he died for the Armed Forces General Staff, it is perfectly natural that in two days he would not have had time to report to the Prime Minister or the Minister for Foreign Affairs who had sent that letter. And I ask and Has the General Staff of the Armed Forces ever responded? I don't know (...) and if not replied, so it's much more serious. Very serious than we did not know, at the time, if Eng. Amaro da Costa, had or had nor sent an urgenı and very official letter to the General Staff of the Armed Forces, is that the General Staff has not responded to him or the Minister Following. This is what I think was very important to find out. I personally don't know. AND I never heard if there was an answer or noi (...) and if there was not, I think, in fact, very serious ». More replied that «l...) in those days, until I left, because I didn't stay, as is known public, I was not part of the VII Constitutional Governmeni, so I left the day I took office that VII Government. So far there has been no answer. My question is whether that unswer came more late for the next Minister, or for the next Ministers, or if he never came, because if he never it came, then we have another very serious element to add to this process ».

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3.2. Overseas Military Defense Fund

The Overseas Afilitary Defense Fund was created in 1937, with the purpose of satisfying charges originated by the Portuguese military forces overseas: their use was based on construction of plans and budgets submitted to the appreciation and approval of the Minister of Overseas and of the President of the Council (uruil 1974) and, laser, by the Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces .

The FDMU remained active after the military operations overseas, being formally extinguished in 1980, through Decree-Law No. 548 80 of 18 November. The following sections summarize the facts from the VIII Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy following the expertise to the FDMC and audit of the accounts of the CEMGFA Office prepared by the General Inspection

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Finance, carried out at the request of X CPITC.

3.2.1. The VI and VIII Commissions of Inquiry

As mentioned in Point 2. Initial considerations , Point 7 of the VI Commission's Conclusions of Inquiry (1999) recommends“ an in-depth investigation of the entire Defense Fund archive Militar do Ultramar, which was used discretionarily, without any control, making expenses that by law were forbidden to him, there are several testimonies that associate him to the mobile of a possible attack in Camarate':

For its part, the VIII Commission of Inquiry (2004), in its Conclusions, producten open that the Overseas Military Defense Fund continued to be used irregularly, presenting movements not accounted for in the accounts, very significant discrepancies between real and budgeted amounts, detecting that relevant values were in the custody of third parties without any justification, revealing, also, abuse of its availabilities ", as he also considered“ proven that Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa was particularly attentive to the arms sales operations that involved the Portuguese State, having vetoed several operations (sales to Indonesia, Guatemala and Argentina) and having requested on December 2, 1980, additional clarifications on arms sales to Iran (operations that took place on 9 December 1980 and 22 January 1981) ». And he recommended that “ further investigation into arms trade operations that the Portuguese State or Portuguese companies involved".

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3.2.2. The VIII Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy

Following the collection of several testimonies, the possibility of the existence of the referred public fund created for military expenses resulting from the Portuguese intervention in the Overseas being one of the possible reasons for the attack that killed, among others, the Prime Minister and the Minister of Defense on December 4, 1980.

Cf. Report of the Vili Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy

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The existence of an eventual connection would be confirmed by Diogo Freitas do Amaral, when declaring « Having been informed by Eng." Amaro da Costa of the investigation that he was conducting, with the in order to find out the reason why the referred Fund had not yet been extinguished, whar moved, who managed it and if it was supervised vs.

It was the VIII Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy that requested the Inspector General Tinance, for the first time, an expert report to the Overseas Military Defense Fund with the purpose of establishing possible links to the attack on the night of December 4, 1980. The expertise of the IGF inspeclors would give rise to an audit of the accounts of the Head of

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General Staff of the Armed Forces, in order to deepen the initial investigation, as deliberated by said CPI:

  • To verify the existence of accounts and other values, in whole or in part, in the name of the Fund, movements made, persons and entities that carried them out. irregularities or illegalities procedures and other elements deemed relevant'.

The results of the FDMU expert report

The final IGF report (report no. 807/2004) found “ several accounting discrepancies and the existence of bank accounts not included in the accounts of the CEMGFA Office. They slayed, financial connections between the Office and the FDMU were also established, as evidenced by the transfers between accounts and their management » s.

Based on the expert report presented by IGF to the VIII CPITC and the final report of the mentioned Commission, the main facts found were the following:

ij «There are facts that point to the existence of at least two bank accounts in the

Banco de Angola, whose holder was the FDMU, but which operated on the fringes of its

accounting, since its movement was not accounted for there. ii) The current account of the FDMU at Banco de Angola / UBP systematically presents balances

quite high and there is no evidence of charging or accounting for the respective

interest in the years 1975, 1977 and 1980. iii) Likewise, by comparing the balances indicated in the plans / hudgets of

1974 and 1976 and in the accounting records of those years, with reference to January 1, stands out, with respect to the money supply accounts, that these balances, despite, as a rule, check, present, in 1975, a divergence of 187,034,001 $ 20, in the case of

bank account of Angola. iv) Situations were also perceived in which funds from the FDMU remained at

order of third parties for some years, however, due to lack of elements, the

application that was given to them, in that space of time. v) in turn, the expenses paid by the FDMU, through its account at Banco de Angola / UBP and

of the Military Agency / Army Financial Center, do not always show themselves properly

documented so that we know the purposes for which the Fund's funds were applied. vi) The FDMU was also used 10 pay expenses, whose purposes were not included in the

your goals (...)"

s Ditto $lbidem

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The results of the audit of the accounts of the CEMGFA Office

In addition to the conclusions arising from the aforementioned expert's report, the audit report of the IGF to the accounts of the CEMGFA Office, between 1974 and 1981, presented to the VIII Commission of Inquiry Camarate's Tragedy, it also found relevant facts in the incoming correspondence record

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flassified with a

the EMGEA, panely regarding the export of war material: with the Ministry of National Defense, the Logistics Directorate and the National Armaments Director. According with the document, the arms export was, before April 25, 1974, the responsibility of the Minister of National Defense, with, in some cases, the need for authorization from the Board of Ministers, in accordance with Decree-Law No. 39397, of October 22, 1953; the same competences, after the April Revolution, were delegated to CEMGFA,“ being essential to preparation of an opinion by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the desirability of transactions (Decree-Law no. 400/74, of 29 August). In 1980, Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa and Prof. Freitas do Amaral approved a Decree-Law (371180, of September 11) that reinforced the Minister of Defense's ability to intervene in these matters »7.

In addition to these facts, through the analysis of the correspondence record book entered in the CEMGFA IGF also found that, prior to the publication of Decree-Law 371:80 of September 11, which strengthened the defense minister's ability to intervene in authorizing the export of WWE graterial, Adelino Amaro da Costa was taking an active intervention stance in this Lates, characterized by additional requests for information on specific transactions, and by its prohibition, namely in the cases of Argentina, Cuatemala and Indonesia. According to the report of the Commission, the last action of the Minister of Defense « underwent a request for elements (December 2, 1980) about arms exports to Iran'. This business However, it occurred five days after the attack that killed, among others, the Prime Minister and the Prime Minister. Minister of Defense, namely on December 9, 1980.

3.2.3. AX Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy

AX CPITC continued the work undertaken by previous Commissions, having resolved proceed with a deepening of the aforementioned expert and audit: at the beginning of the work from the Commission, the IGF team responsible for the expertise and audit was heard; later, the same team, and with the replacement of some members, was tasked with carrying out a new audit; for finalized, X CPITC heard the inspectors again.

From the initial testimonies of IGF inspectors

On 27 and 28 February 2013, the IGF chief inspector was heard at the Commission, Antonio Lino Conçalves and the superior finance inspector, Maria da Conceição Ferreira Rodrigues. ()

Cl. Report of the VIII Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy

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The objective of the hearing was to assess the situation of the FDML' and

audit of CEMGFA's accounts, as well as deliberated by the VIII CPITC.

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Maria da Conceição Ferreira Rodrigues summarized, in her testimony, the issues that were underlying the preparation of the expert report and audit as follows:

«But the situation that is not really explained is that there is a Military Defense Fund of the Ultramar, which came from 1974, which contained money, which had accounts that were reconstituted until 1981, these accounts were from the Army Financial Center and one of these accounts from the Bank Angola, and to have relations between these accounts and other accounts that were not mirrored in the accounting of the said Overseas Military Defense Fund, there is an outflow of money from the account that was mirrored in the accounts of the Overseas Military Defense Fund, money that been out of the Fund for long periods and that we don't know where that money was applied. As my colleague said, and very well, we really don't know, because we don't we checked.

We can think: «Well, you left this account and where have you been? During this time, he was finance whar? » We cannot say, because we cannot know. What we know is that there was money that was out of the Fund for a long time and that later it went back to enter, when, in 1980 or 1981, I don't know now, the Fund wus really extinguished. At this point, there was money that came in that came from other accounts. There was an account, for example, that this examination was referred to the CEMGFA accounts, with a certain importance and this importance entered the official account of the Fund at the time of the extinction.

Now, the question arises: then, and during that whole time, the money that was out of the Fund, this and another that we report here as facis of importance that were our, this to finance whar? We cannot say whether it was war material or what it was. It was out! Financing what...! [?]

Someone can explain, I think, because the accounts until 1977 are approved. After cease to be, but there is a final approval that, in the end, endorses everything that is behind, because we reconstituted everything from a little bit before 1973.

So, we took the balances since 1973 and went around until the end, and there is an account in which we could see that there were exits to another account, which was not there and that was out, in addition to others that, later, we also report here (I don't know now on which page it is, but there is a situation here that was mentioned to us at the time of statements, I know there is such a situation), and that in 1980 this money went to the official Fund. The question is: before, where has this money been invested (.) the money that was out of the official accounts that we reconstituted? There were other accounts thar were mirrored in the Fund's financial statements, and the money in those accounts was for what? And when you were out of what wus supposed to be controlled at the time? Although the accounts from 1978 to 1980 were not approved, in the end it was all official. Therefore, what was out... This is what we would really like to see explained. Can anyone explain

Then, at the end of our reports, we ask some questions that nay eventually clarified or...

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But this is it, at the bottom: we saw that there was money outside the Fund, that it came out and that it was, or no, to finance anything, we don't know whar. It may have been applied in other banks, We do not know. We know that he was away and then he returned ».

The main issues and questions addressed at the hearing could be summarized in four points: i) link between the FDML and CEMGFA, as well as the relationship between the FDMU and amis exports; ii) dates when war material was sent to Iran; iii) existence of unofficial accounts in the sphere the FDMU; iv) the final balance of the fund, as well as its reintegration and extinction.

1) Link between the FDMU and CEMGFA, as well as the relationship between the FDMU and the export of

war material

With regard to the link between the expertise of the FDMU and the audit of the EMGFA accounts, Maria da Conceição Ferreira Rodrigues stated, in Commission, that the second work was a result of the first:

«This second job resulted from our first. We, in the first job, did a replenishment of the Fund's accounts. The Fund was legalized in quotes, had accounts, the accounts were approved in a few years, in 1977, and then, in 1978, 1979 ad 1980, ceased 10 be. We reconstituted the Fund's accounts and found that there were accounts operated by the Fund that were not in the official accounts and that these funds could be used in different situations. And this is what we wanted find out.

Therefore, when this work started, the objective was: «why the General Staff? This is it because, really, from the analysis that was made to the Fund's accounts, there were outgoing movements and list of funds received and withdrawn from the official account which had links with the Member Major-General of the Armed Forces, specifically with the Cabinet. Hence the examination of the accounts of the Cabinet!

Regarding the link between the FDMU, EMGFA and the export of war material, António Lino Gonçalves Coelho stated that there are financial flows related to arms companies:

Reinforcing a little bit what my colleague said, from the analysis that we had already done initially to the FDMU, there were financial flows between the FDMU and the Chief of StaffGeneral of the Armed Forces,

On the other hand, when we were analyzing the financial accounts, so to speak, of EMGFA, we found that there were financial flow's there that were specifically intended to finance the arms companies (this appears in the documents), namely subsidies and things worth it.

Therefore, as we were analyzing precisely these financial flows and data with which these financial flous were related, at least some, 10 the military part - in fact, all these funds come from the time of the overseas war, they were all related !o the war and therefore, with the military side -, we consider this associarion to be relevanı of ideas, to the extent that some of this money, as we have seen, was related to

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part of the arms companies and other money had left these bank accounts, they went somewhere, I don't know where, and then later, they returned to these accounts banking

ii) Arms exports

According to the audit of the CEMGFA accounts and the analysis of the classified correspondence book received at the EMGFA Office in 1980, it was found that, in that year, the Minister of Defense requested ' further clarification and in other [cases] it will not even have authorized some of the intentional arms exports. In fact, in April 1980 it would not have authorized the export 10 Guatemala and Argentina and in August of the same year for Indonesia. Still on December 2nd 1980 the Office of the Minister of National Defense reportedly asked the EMGFA Office to deserve to inform as a matter of urgency what it deems convenient about the export of war for Iran. In spite of this, everything suggests that it has followed war material for Iran, a since the referred book of the classified correspondence register contains, on December 9, 1980, a communication to EMGFA - National Armaments Directorate, alluding to the export of war for Iran. And also later, on January 26, 1987, the same book indicates correspondence dated January 22, 1981 from EMGFA - National Directorate of Weapons also referring to the export of war material to Iran (...) ». These same facts were corroborated at the IGF inspectors' hearing on 27 February.

iii) Existence of unofficial accounts in the sphere of the FDMU

As already mentioned in the conclusions presented in the report of the VIII CPITC, it was found existence of two bank accounts that operated outside the FDMU's accounts, althouglı that fund was the holder of those accounts.

«There are facts that point to the existence of at least two bank accounts at the Bank Angola, whose holder was the FDMU, but which operated outside its accounting, a its movement was not accounted for there. (...). The current account of the FDMU at Banco de Angola / UBP systematically presents very high balances and there is no evidence the collection of, or the recording of the respective interest, in the yeurs 1975, 1977 and 1980 (...). Likewise, by comparing the balances indicated in the 1974 plans i budgets and 1976 and in the accounting records of those years, with reference to January 1, stands our in what concerns regard to the accounts of monetary means, that these balances, despite, as a rule,conferring, present, in 1975, a difference of 187,034,001 $ 20, in the cuse of the bank account Angola".

iv) Final balance of the fund, as well as its reintegration and extinction

At that hearing, doubts were raised as to the concrete extinction of the FDML and its integration in the State Budget, namely through the intervention of Deputy Miguel Santos:

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«I think the Fund is not extinct, honestly, legally. This is because the decree-lau 1980, in its preamble, says that there is no reason to continue to have a defense fund overseas military system, but, in the dispositive part, it does not enact the extinction of the Fund. tanker something completely different, says that the management of the Fund will be the responsibility of the Administrative Council of CEMGFA, says that the authorization of the Fund becomes of CEMGFA, says that balances carry over from year to year. The end of the year is reached, there is a balance, it transits. AND, more than that, it says that every year a plan for the use of funds must be approved from the bottom. Therefore, this is anything but extinguishing the Fund, that is, making it last ».

In accordance with Decree-Law 548/80, of November 18, seen and approved by the Board of Revolution, there was a deliberation that extinguished the FDMU without, however, materializing regarding its operationalization. Additionally, there was a doubt about the effective consolidation of the tinal FDMU balance - approximately 551 million escudos, in the State accounts. These two doubts would later give rise to a decision by the X CPITC to deepen the two reports of the IGF, namely in the sense of widening the analysis time spectrum, namely after 1981, the last reference date for the aforementioned expert and audit reports, as stated by Maria da Conceição Ferreira Rodrigues:

«The Fund existed with the Overseas War and thar money was kepy there, with payments and receipts, such outflows and inflows and communication with other accounts and moneys out for such a period of time and then came back in, and I say to come in ', because some of those funds came in just at that time, for the accountability. And we didn't analyze what happened to that money, because it was after 1980, and we stopped in 1980. We went on until the Fund's extinction. Henceforth we no longer went to see what the money was used for, what destination it had ».

It was also mentioned the transfer of the final balance of the FDMU to a private fund of EMGFA, which later it would come under analysis by the IGF

From the final audit to the FDMU

AX CPITC decided to request a new audit from the FDMU to fully clarify all doubts arising from previous reports. The work was to be coordinated by Fernando Lobo do Vale, Maria da Conceição Ferreira, Ana Filipa Gonçalves and Mário Lehmann, with the following objectives: i) find out if the FDML was closed; ii) determine the management of their balances; iii) clarify movements between the FDMU and the CEMGFA Office; iv) clarify the role of CREEFA in the management of the HDMUI; 5) analyze the declaration of unconstitutionality of Decree-Law no. 548.80, of 18 November; saw') investigate the existence of relations between the FDMU and arms exports.

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i) Closure of the FDMU

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As regards the closure of the FDMU, the audit notes that, “ following the publication of Decree-Law No. 548/80, the FDMU under this designation and with the objective and purposes to which destined to the date of its creation was closed, and the resulting balance started to be managed in a EMGFA Board of Directors 'private fund". The final audit report to the FDMU also states that, in spite of the extinction of the referred fund,“ acts were carried out in 1981, corresponding to the regularization of processes that were, at that date, still in progress, and in 1982 and following years, here, however, within the scope of the private Fund created in EMGFA ».

ii) Balances of FDMU and Private Fund

The balance of the FDMU in 1980 and calculated by the IGF reached approximately 510 million escudos 8 . After extinction of the Fund, acts were still practiced in 1981, and according to the final audit to the FDMU, " Corresponding to the regularizarion of processes that were, at that date, still in progress", and in the year 1982 and subsequent years, other acts were practiced using the amount transferred from the FDMU to the Private Fund created in the EMGFA.

In fact, and according to the results of the final audit to the FDMU, the private fund created in the EMGFA, which received a balance of 510 million euros from the extinct FDMU, remained active until 1993, the year -in which it integrated the EMGFA budget. The final balance in 1993 reached 29 million euros.

suglas. The audit carried out by the IGF therefore also covered the outflows of the fund of EMGFA, nanely flows that justify a decrease in the initial balance of 510 million escudos, compared to the final balance in 1993 of 29 9 million escudos.

According to the testimony of the IGF inspectors on April 7, 2015, the private fund of the EMGFA is a substitute for the FDMU:

  • We can say that it is a new fund, with other rules, but, in the end, it is the substitute, because to this private fund of the General Staff, the existing funds were transferred (...). We cun conclude, within this interpretation, the use of an isolated fund, although with another name, with different guidelines in terms of use, therefore derived from the Decree-Law No. 548/80. which, in practice, was a new fund fed by a previous fund ».

IGFinspectors also added that the EMGĦA private fund did not receive any budget allocation;

  • No, you have not received funds!»

It was also stated, at the same hearing, that the private fund was only intended to cover expenses:

  • The Overseas Military Defense Fund was a fund that was earning revenue. I had expenses. I had spending, but had revenue. The private fund only started to spend the money that, in the fund, was

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the balance of the previous fund'.

& Which will roughly amount to around 27 million euros these days, according to the converter available at www.pordata.pt What will be roughly equivalent to around 245 thousand curos today, according to the aforementioned

converter

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Finally, it is worth mentioning another of the facts verified by the audit to the FDMU, namely the existence the transfer of the final balance of the FDMU to the EMGFA on July 18, 1981, with its incorporation in the accounts of this entity since 1982, as stated by the inspector of the Finance, Maria da Conceição Ferreira Rodrigues:

"In 1981, the balance was transferred, but later it was only incorporated into the EMGFA accounts in 1982. So there is a period when the money was at a standstill. We don't know what was done! It may have been applied to many things, but we don't know what! This is what we want to say ».

Movements between the FDMU and the CEMGFA Office

According to the report presented to the Commission, IGF inspectors reported that between 1982 and 1992 the annual management accounts of the Fund were presented, and after 1988 there was no reference to the realization of any expenditure. With regard to expenditure incurred between 1982 and 1988, the final audit highlighted some movements, namely:

- Transfer of 117 million escudos in 1982 and 8 million escudos in 1986 to

« Autonomous funds belonging to entities in the branches of the Armed Forces», - Transfer of 25 million escudos in 1982 to the Army's General Staff; - Payment of constructions and major repairs, by EMGFA, in the amount of approximately

19 million escudos in 1982 and 2 million escudos in 1986,

It was also mentioned that it was impossible to continn the veracity of the occurrence of these operations:

« To confirm the completion of the acquisitions / works by the units, we contacted the competent services of the Air Force and the Army, but has not yet been located information that would allow the same confirmation".

During the IGF inspectors' hearing on April 7, 2015, it was asked whether it would be possible corroborate the realization of expenses in works and repairs, with the inspectors' response being negative:

« But, if it was effectively (awarded for works and repairs), we were unable to know (...). Sir Depury. I can add that even in the archive, in Sama Clara, of the Works Division, which is a file that is extremely well organized, these buildings were not listed as having had works at those times. And we are not saying that they did not count because they were removed, because, normally, they were buildings that were not even in that division of architecture and work

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engineering (...). We have the bank accounts that supported these movements, and the bank reconciliation. It was done. So, we have the information that this money went out really from the bank account'.

Again highlighting the non-corroboration of expenses through the analysis of invoices and contracts of contract award, the inspectors reinforced this idea throughout the hearing:

« He says that the money was used to build a sports pavilion. Now, if that pavilion was actually built? We think so, but there is no tender, supplier invoices... Basically, the only clements we obtained were from the General Staff, where there were only a few launches, it was not

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work process, direct use of money (...). We have here the entity that received the constructions. We have here the entity that received the work. We have it here, but in a generic way. That is, there is no specific docuinent, through which we can say: «Look, it was this way...! That work was done ...! The whole process is here! », And that's it, it really justifies that it was done. No, not that! ».

With regard to the transfer of funds, asked who had the competence to authorizing these movements, the inspectors stated, based on testimonies, the following:

  • f...) The head of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, but it was the EMGFA Administrative Council that moved it (...). What he (António Augusto Gaspar Correia] says here is that whoever decided on the application of money - it is in these minutes that I am reading - he was the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, but it was the Council who moved ".

However, no evidence was found on the approval of private fund accounts by of the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces and his subsequent submission to the Minister of Finance:

« Reaffirming what the Honorable Member said, as it existed, the FDMU was extinguished and the balance passed to the private fund. The accounts of the private fund should be approved by the Head of the General Staff of the Armed Forces and submitted to the Minister of Finance. We do not we found evidence of that .

iii) Clarification of the role of CREEFA in the management of the FDMU

The final audit to the FDMU was also requested to ascertain the role of CREEFA in the management of Bottom. CREEFA had been created by Decree Law No. 18 368 of May 4, 1968, a diploma that authorized the « Government to open credits for national defense for the re-equipment extraordinary " of the two branches of the military - the Army and the Air Force.

The result brought to light by the report showed that in the years 1975 and 1976 there was a outflows of money from the FDMU account at Banco de Angola to the EMGFA CA, with the

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same amount - milling a crudoSERRE 7. hehesa e paremmation suflater be confirmed at the IGF inspectors' hearing on April 7, 2015:

«Therefore, there were transfers from the FDMU to an account of the CREEFA / Administrative Council of the General Staff. We questioned, but nobody knew exactly how to answer, and we questioned because there is documentation that says that the money went there to be deposited at the Farm National. The question is this: so, why did the money come out of an FDMU account, ar the Bank Angola, went to an account of CREEFA / Administrative Council of the General Staff of Armed Forces to be deposited in the Treasury ?! This was the question that arose. Really, there are about 4 million escudos that came from the FDMU account at Banco de Angola, entered in CREEFA's account and supposedly, were deposited in ... They were, or not, because, afterwards, it is also very difficult to verify whether the movements took place, or not, in the 7th Fiscal Quarter, or in the Treasury accounts, since the dates were not coincident. That was a wet

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papers in boxes and we couldn't see a sequence. It didn't happen this month, but, I know there, it could have happened the following month, or two months later, we cannot say. Or if can find there that was actually deposited in the Treasury coffers or, if not, not we know. In the end, we were able to see that there was a balance of CREEFA, of about 3 million escudos, which was deposited in the Treasury accounts, but this was already in 1983 and, therefore, we know the sequence of movements very well, anyway ...,

IGF inspectors also commented on CREEFA and its accounts, nanely the the source of its revenue and the destination of its expenditure. It is therefore important to transcribe in detail the words by Maria da Conceição Ferreira Rodrigues, IGF inspector, on the matter. In them, it is stated that CREEFA's accounts were confusing, that there were terminology errors and that the origin of revenue was located in two sources: withdrawal from the National Treasury and cancellation of Weapons approved before April 25, 1974. In parallel, documents were also documented expenses, namely expenses with Explosivos da Trafaria and General Workshops in Uniforms and Equipment:

"CREEFA's accounts were a very confusing situation. We joined our report a few years, to understand. So, looking, you don'ı notice anything, but after analyzing it, some conclusion is reached. We also put the maps together with the summaries of the CREEFA.

in our report, we presenı an example for a period, which is the 1980 period. In in relation to CREEFA, for now, we give the idea of movement, which is about 8 million contos, from 1974 10 1984. We give the idea of these movements, on page 31. and then, also we present a map 10 give you an idea of the amount that was spent in each of the years.

In relation to the CREEFA accounts, which was, concretely, what you were asking me, where the money came from and where it was going to, we have here, on puge 60, a somewhat weird map but that, anulyced, comes to some conclusion. So, if we look, we soon first line... We always have the name "Funds" here, because we conclude that this

it was another CREEFA fund that was fed in some way. It is like? For example,

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if ve look, in this period, we can see that there is a form of food here, which is Warnings payment methods referring to payment authorization numbers. They are looting from CA/ EMGFA on the Directorute-General for Public Accounting '. In other words, CAI EMGFA values on Public Accounting and, in this period, the value was 21 million escudos! So this would be a way of feeding the fund (it seems to me), because then, if we confront this with the war material, which is ahead, in the following table, and we see as it was authorized, with the operation of CREEFA, we also arrived at these conclusions.

In this period, we already have a way to feed the Fund (Fund 05-02), which is that of looting on the Treasury.

Then, here is another form of food, which is the second: «Fund Revenue Debtors / Creditors'. And what was that? This was money resulting from weapons that were approved, and that were approved before April 25, 1974, and that, at a certain point, they were canceled and money was discontinued. This money was feed the Fund. For example, this month, we have here: «Delivery to CAI EMGFA, hy

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FNMAL... », is the National Anmunition and Light Weapons Factory, except in error,« ... resulting from return of a value corresponding to (...) vany war material,

So there are two ways to feed the Fund.

But we also have, during this period, expenses from the Fund. And what expenses are these? If we go on page 61, which is as follows, in the map below, we see how, in this period, the Fund was spent. And we have several things, like, for example, Explosivos da Trafuria, the General Workshops Uniforms and Equipmeni, all ihai is related here, out here, totals the 10 million escudos. Therefore, this would be what is indicated here as Background 05-02. That is, the Fund was fed through the Directorate-General for Accounting Public, also the cancellations of situations of war material and, later, were paid these expenses.

If we make the difference between these values that constitute the Fund's food and the outputs, we obtained a balance of 10 788 791 $ which is not revealed here, but it is the difference between these no types of Fund income, debtors and creditors, and expense.

So, you get the idea that this month more money came in than the one that was spent; what was spent was this way, and now there is extremely terminology confused, but connected with this, I think it's just a matter of terminology. In other words, we have a CREEFA account, where it is possible to confirm that these 22 million - the sum of what came from this Fund 05-02 with debtors and creditors - were deposited in that account, checks were written on the same account of these 10 million, and therefore this was done in account. The terminology is strange, because they call it «Summary of the Fund's income Demand Deposits ». Now, this income from the Demand Deposit fund is precisely the value payments. So this doesn't make sense in terms of terminology, because it's

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exactly the opposite of what we are used to hearing. «Revenue summary» is precisely the money that came out of the bank and which corresponds to the expenditure; «Summary of expenditure of the Demand Deposit Fund vare 22 million; «Fund revenue» was precisely the money that entered the account and corresponds to withdrawals from the Treasury and decommissioning, ie the cancellation of orders for war material.

In fact, by this example we can already see some of the ways in which this CREEFA Fund was fed: withdrawals from the Treasury and decommissioning, that is, cancellations of orders of war material that was not provided and therefore the money went in. This is it".

Still on the saine theme, namely on the possible links between CREEFA, EMGFA and the FDMU, inspectors said there was some ubiquity in that certain people played a role in CREEFA and, simultaneously, on the EMGFA Board of Directors:

«This came from the old days. The EMGIA Board of Directors prepared, on a quarterly basis, accounts and presented them to CREEFA. And there is a person here. António Augusto Gaspar Correia, who, simultaneously, it is part of the Board of Directors of EMGFA and CREEFA, or noi. Would you like I mean, it's connected, because it does the CREEFA accounts, signs the CREEFA accounts, but then a duality here. So there is some confusion here between CREEFA and the Council Administrative. But, in the Report, we have, in a way, the explanation of this, through the material of war, which will be discussed later ».

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Finally, the final audit to the FDMU concluded that CREEFA continued to authorize acquisitions of military material after April 25, 1974, as well as the fact that invoices representative of War material transactions do not meet the minimum legal requirements:

«This approach, on the question posed by the 10th Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry to Camarate's tragedy to clarify the role of CREEFA in the management of the FDMU or the corresponding values, led us to locate processes related to the acquisition of wur material, in which the expenditure had been approved before 25 1 Apr 1741 and which "Dragged" through time until 1984".

Some of the invoices corresponding to the war material supplied in the referred interval of time (1974-1984) presented particularities such as an invoice dated with the day zero of month zero of year zero that indicates on the face that the material (automatic rifles G3) was supplied on Nov / 30/80 and delivered in the same year without mentioning the day and month, while COMPAE I DSM declared on the back of the same invoice a receipt dated 25 i Jun / 81.

These particularities take on unorthodox contours, without prejudice to being able 107 have its explanation in a framework of organizational and functional deficiencies in a context of transition and consolidation of structures.

In cases where war material was ultimately not provided funds were deactivated and reverted, in some cases, to a reservation at the order of EMGEA or CEMGFA.

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In the exercise of its powers, already after April 25, 1974, CREEFA continued to authorize purchases of military material through expenditure authorization applications directed to its president, namely imports.

Credits granted to finance arms imports were, in termination of contracts, restored at the National Treasury, adding to the available balance the special credit opened through DL 115/74. of 207mar / 74. The replenished funds were deposited in the Treasury of the Public Finance of the 7th Fiscal Quarter of Lisbon, constituted reinforcement of PAE / 73, and were subject to new withdrawals ».

iv) Analysis of the declaration of unconstitutionality of Decree-Law no. 548/80, of 18

November

According to the final audit to the FDMU, the “ non-declaration of unconstitutionality of DL n° 548180 due to a non-binding opinion of the Constitutional Commission and a resolution of the Council of Revolution does not, by itself. raise questions or suspicions that directly relute it to the occurrence of accounting deficiencies reported by the IGF or even a possible deviation from the purpose of allocation of the FDMU!

On this subject, it is important to remember the most relevant facts highlighted by the IGF inspection:

« In summary, the then Prime Minister [Francisco Sá Carneiro) - in what was accompanied by President of the Assembly of the Republic, the request of a group of deputies from the parliamentary - raised the declaration of unconstitutionality of a decree-law of the initiative

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of the Revolution Council that provided for the assets of the FDMU [Decree-Law 548;80 of November 18].

The Prime Minister maintained that the Revolution Council had legislated beyond its legislative competence, invading that of the Government and the Assembly of the Republic within the allocation of financial resources - the FDMU balance - which, being the State's, was not regular military jurisdiction.

Although divided - as can be seen from the various losing votes and different positions on (in) constitutionality of the norins of the urticles of the diploma - the Constitutional Commission came give reason to the Government and to the parliamentary group, but as is clear from the Resolution No. 247/81, the Revolution Council decided in its own favor, not accepting the opinion of the Commission and not declaring the syndicated diploma unconstitutional.

Hence, it can be concluded that one of the critical points of the supervisory system constitutionality enshrined in the first version of the Fundamental Law is that it could occur, as it will be recognized, without effort, thu the Council of the Revolution decide on its own.

Even so, the functioning of the corporate constitutional inspection system, in the case of

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Revolution, by issuing an opinion (non-binding by the Constitutional Commission) and the adoption by that body of a resolution of non-declaration of the unconstitutionality of DL no. 548/80, does not, by itself, raise questions or even suspicions that may associate such a decision the occurrence of the deficiencies and irregularities reported in the previous two reports of audit prepared by IGF for reporting the collected documentation and other steps timely triggered.

It should be noted, moreover, that the temporal scope of the same occurrences already covered a period prior to the year 1980, the year of approval of DL 548/80, appearing, unless better understanding, illegitimate to withdraw from a diploma that proposed to extinguish a certain Fund - which ended up being in force for a few more years - the origin or legal framework able to handle or misuse funds, in the sense of default purposes to which they were attached.

DL 548/80 contained rules on the budgetary management of the FDMU balance, entrusted 10 a CA/ EMGFA, the elaboration by this council of annual private budget object of visa by the member of Government responsible for finance and the allocation of funds that should obey a plan called "employment plan" prepared annually by CEMGFA, in in short, a series of mechanisins that allowed a margin of control over the execution of respective expenditure'.

v) Investigating the existence of relations between the FDMU and arms exports.

Following the findings of the IGF expert report to the FDMU, namely i) the determination of the existence of several payments in 1977, 1980 and 1981, through the Military Agency and account of the FDMU in the União de Bancos to Fábrica Braço de Prata, resulting from the settlement of « charges related to the assembly of the rocket grenade manufacturing line". ii) the detection of the“ assumption of charges, by the FDMU, concerning the sale of OBUS grenades to RFA 'in 1979 and iii) the identification of a

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ordering military material by the FDML in 1977, the final audit report to the IDMU concludes that“ the management of arms exporis, namely, regarding their temporal availability was articulated, in an intimate way, between the Armed Forces and their suppliers »).

After presenting the results of the final audit to the FDMU, the IGF inspectors state see no use in future endeavors, as they would not be capable “ of allowing the obtaining of other elements that would bring added value to the ultimate objective, not guaranteeing, therefore, a relevant change to the content of the conclusions now drawn'. According to the various testimonies of IGF inspectors, the death of a considerable number of people related to the then EMGFA, as well as to the management of the FDMU, the inevitable run of years and the absence of supporting documentation were relevant obstacles to finding the facts.

Other testimonials

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Choosing to testify in writing, Ramalho Fanes answered a number of questions raised different parliamentary groups.

Giving his opinion on the purpose of the FDMU', the former President of the Republic stated that the FDMU exhausted its purpose after the 25th of April, although there were situations, namely the situation in Timor, that could justify its continuation until the moment it ended:

«Having exhausted its purpose, the FDMU was extinguished, passing the available balances MDN for the Armed Forces General Staff".

Regarding the balance and its use, Ramalho Eanes said that the balance was only intended for complementary expenses of the current EMGFA budget:

«This balance remained constant, having only been used for national expenses complementary to the EMGFA budget, since it was necessary to settle expenses assumed, which had no place in the EMGFA budget, with budgetary weaknesses. The residual balances were then incorporated into the State Budget, in the respective recipe".

However, and according to the final audit to the FDMU, the balance has not remained constant the private fund reached 510 million escudos in 1981 and 29 million escudos in 1993.

The General further stated, in an introductory note, the following:

- «These balances have never been used in armaments businesses (or in businesses of any

other nature) - EMGFA has always complied with budget regulations, in compliance with the law, compliance

legal and financial regularity!

Here it is important to mention, once again, the result of the work of IGF inspectors, resulting from the VIII and X Commissions of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy, which, regarding the financial regularity of the FDMU

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found that the financial regularity requirements for the FDMLI were not met, as the fund's annual accounts were not approved by CEMGFA, General Ramalho Eanes, in the years 1978, 1979 and 1980 and, regarding the involvement of the FDMU in the commercialization of weapons, referred to the following:

  • With regard to the matter of relations between the FDMU and arms exporis, it is important 10 remember that in the IGF report No. 1007/2003 of the Expert Report to the FDMU, the verification, in 1977, 1980 and 1981. of several payments through the Military Agency und account from the FDMU in Uniño de Bancos to FMBP [Fábrica Militar Braço de Prata), resulting from the settlement of charges related to the assembly of the rocket grenade production line (...).

Still in the same repori, and for the year 1979, the assumption of charges, by the FDMU. regarding the sale of “OBUS" grenades 10 RFA (...).

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Within the scope of the steps taken to identify potential relationships between the CREEFA and FDMU, we also noticed the intervention of the latter entity in 1977, ordering military equipment.

In a joint assessment, it appears that the management of arms exports. namely, regarding its temporal availability it was intimately articulated between the Armed Forces and their suppliers'.

Finding these facts, therefore, makes General Ramalho Fanes' statements inconsistent.

In summary, the former President of the Republic stated:

«The FDMU was transferred to EMGFA at the moment when the process of decolonization and, consequently, no longer felt the purpose of its creation (it is true that, as mentioned above, the question of Timor was maintained), like other funds military forces aimed at financially reinforcing the war.

The accounting movements carried out configure the type of generic procedures. followed by commands from ground forces who, on their return from theaters of operations (Guinea, Angola and Mozambique). proceeded to financial regularization between the different military units involved and the banking entities that supported them, in order to be able to close the accounts with the minimum balance 10 be reconciled'.

Ramalho Eanes also refuted the possibility that the FDMU remained active after its extinction, signaling a set of arguments allesting the end of the ſund, of which the most relevant

- There is a legal diploma that extinguishes the FDMU, Decree-Law no. 548/80, of 18 November (...); - There is a receipt, signed by the EMGFA Board of Directors, stating that you have received

the "balance determined at the end of the 1980 economic year related to the closure of the FDMU" (...); - Declares the EMGFA Administrative Council, in the document referred to in paragraph 2, above, that

the amount received from the FDMU "will constitute EMGFA's Private Budget Revenue to

organize" (...); - The private budget of EMGFA is legally established in 1982, by Decree-Law no.

282/82, of August 22 (...);

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Subsequently, the Ministry of Finance (Directorale-General for Budget) assigns, io

EMGFA services, revenue based on Decree-Law no. 548/80, of 18 November and the Decree-Law No. 282 82, of 22 August (...).

Regarding institutional responsibility for the 1-DAU, Ramalho Fanes stated that this is one of the CEMGFA functions. However, financial management was the responsibility of the Administration and Finance Division:

« As can be seen from the EMGHA organization chari, the financial management of the Fund was competence of the Allininisiration and Finance Division (DIAF), which depended on the

Planning and Finance (DPI), hierarchically dependent on the vice-CEMGFA or, not

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if there is one, from the oldest coordinating general officer (...). Therefore, the FDMU did not depend on CEMGFA office. Of these depended, directly and functionally, the Division of Relations (DIRP) and the Information Division (DINFO).

Annually they were presented to the CEMGFA:

- The FDMU Plan and budget for the following year; - The FDMU's financial management report, from the previous year, for "visa affixing".

With regard to this topic, Ramalho Eanes admitted, in response to the deputies of the X CPITC, that there were two FDMU plans and budgets that were not signed by CEMGFA due to lapse:

  • Two plans and budgets of the FDMU do not have the approval of the CEMGFA, and they should have it. The same is true of some financial management reports, which are not affixing the visa. The institutional responsibility for this fact rests with CEMGFA and only with him ».

However, the former President explains the lapse for the following reasons:

- «The pressure of multiple requests from CEMGFA (also President of the Republic and

President of the Revolutionary Council) with relevant matters permanently suhject to the

your care; - There was ſus I recall) neither the vice-CEMGFA nor the coordinating officer nur ihe

DIAF, the timely perception of this lapse and, therefore, the need to correct it; - The two documents are formally important, it is true, but without operational relevance

(one referred to the financial management of the Fund, the other to the forecast of income and expenses concerning the Army. Navy and Air Force and the extinction commissions of the Commandos military forces of Angola and Mozambique and the independent Territorial Command of Guinea-Bissau ».

Regarding the fund's balance, Ramalho Eanes stated the following:

«Following the provisions of Article 1 of Decree-Law no.548/80, of 18 November, the Division of Financial Administration, an EMGFA body that managed the FDMU, delivered to the Board Administrative Board of EMGFA, in July 1981, of the existing balance, in the amount of 51,315,768 $ 70 x.

The ex-President said he still does not know the existence of other accounts associated with the FDMU, by third parties or strangers, as had been verified by the first work of the IGF inspectors.

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Finally, the General said that he still does not recall the opinion of the Constitutional Commission declared, with general mandatory force, the unconstitutionality of article 3 of Decree-Law no. 548.80 November 18th.

As a final note, and following the depositions to Freitas do Amaral, Deputy Prime Minister in Government of Sá Carneiro and the Government of Francisco Pinto Balsemão, where he would also assume the portfolio

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of Defense, it is concluded that he himself had assumed the extinction of the fund, having not procceded to no démarche related to it:

«As Minister of National Defense, I wus nut aware of anything strictly, nor in terms of plans or programs, or in terms of budgets, revenue or expenditure, in relation to the Fund.

They will ask me: why? Perhaps because he was convinced that the Fund was extinct. Do not know! Bui, above all, and it is good to remember, because at the time when I was Minister of Defense, that is, from September 1987 to December 1982, the Armed Forres remained in regime self-management. And the Armed Forces General Staff depended directly on the President of the Republic or, from the 1980 presidential election, the Head of State Major-General, since, by agreement with the Socialist Party, General Eanes accepted noi accumulate, in his second term, the functions of President of the Republic with those of Chief of General Staff and appoint a Chief of Staff, who was, without error, General Melo Egidio, recently deceased.

Therefore, the Minister of Defense had ubsolutely nothing to do with the General Stuff General of the Armed Forces or with the Armed Forces. It was a little sui generis figure that was created in 1974 to maintain links with NATO but that had no powers over the Armed Forces *.

3.3. Arms trade to Iran

In some way related to the investigation of the Overseas Military Defense Fund and the accounts of the CEMGFA Office, the investigation into the arms trade to Iran in 1980 played an equally important role in the work of the CPI.

Reports of the sending of military material to Iran have crossed national borders: following the taking of the US embassy in Tehran and the consequent taking of hostages by Iranian forces associated with the new theocratic regime, was being broadcast by some press that the negotiation of the release of the American hostages was essential for the victory of the candidacy Reagan i Bush in the elections later this year. The thesis remains, still to be proved, that there to an agreement between Ayatollah Khomeini and the Republican candidacy, namely through George Bush and Henry Kissinger, for holding hostages until some time after the elections in USA, in order to undermine the candidacy of then President Jimmy Carter. According to some of these reports, this negotiation took place in Luxembourg and Paris, where senior Iranian officials and Bush would have met in secret.

The role referred to by some as having been that of Portugal was limited to serving as a platform for the sending military material to Iran, something that was prohibited by the international community and the

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understanding of the Portuguese Government according to information sent to X CPITC by the Ministry Foreign Affairs, on April 18, 1980, a general and

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any fịancial transactions with Iran resulting from the hostage situation in Tehran, It is The decision of April 18, 1980 by the Council of Ministers preceded the publication in Diário da Republic of the said embargo, which would take place on April 21 of the same year. An attempt was also made to date of the termination of the said embargo, and no conclusion has been reached as to the precise date. IS, however, it is legitimate to estimate that the end of the embargo occurred at the end of January 1981, more specifically on the 26th, like other European countries.

The Portuguese platform would go through not only direct amis exports, but also as hub for the transfer of military material to Iran, namely through Israel.

In fact, the aforementioned audit of the CEMGFA Office's accounts identified remittances from military material for the country in question, which was at that time subject to an embargo. Some companies possibly involved in the commercialization of arms were identified, it was The testimony of Commander Alpoim Calvão was decisive, who reported facts that reveal the existence of military material exports to Iran, later corroborated by Vasco Montez and Colonel Oliveira Marques.

According to the audit of the accounts of the CEMGFA Office for the period between 1974 and 1981, through analysis of the correspondence book of the CEMGFA Office it was possible to ascertain the existence of arms exports to several countries. It is therefore important to recall the text of the audit:

«From all the documentation analyzed in the EMGHA, it seems to us to highlight some of the information contained in the register books of entries of classified correspondence received in the CEMGFA office, particularly in the years 1979, 1980 and 1981 (...).

In faci, the content of these books leads to the conclusion that, in this period, the aris exports to several countries.

Indeed, both the Office of the Minister of National Defense and the Logistics Directorate of the EMGFA (DILOG) and also the National Armaments Director (DNA), communicate the EMGFA Office frequently exported war material to various countries.

It appears to result from reading the records inserted in the correspondence record book classification received at the EMGFA Office in 1980 that, this yeur, the Minister of Defense in some cases will have asked for additional clarification and in others it will not even have authorized some of the intentional arms exports.

In fact, in April 1980 it would not have authorized the export to Guatemala and the Argentina and in August of the same year to Indonesia,

Still on December 2, 1980 (two days before the altack) , the Office of the Minister for National Defense will have asked the EMGFA Office to urgently deign to inform whatever he considered convenient about the export of war material to Iran,

Despite this, everything suggests that it will have followed war material for Iran once the said classified correspondence record book contains, on December 9, 1980

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[five days after the attack] a communication from EMGFA - National Armaments Directorate, allusive to the export of war material to Iran (for knowledge).

And also later, on January 26, 1981, the same book indicates correspondence dated January 22, 1981 from EMGFA - National Armaments Directorate also alluding to the export of war material to Iran (...)!!

According to the testimony of General Ramalho Eanes, EMGFA, under his leadership or during the years in which he was President of the Republic, he proceeded to purchase and sell war. The former President recalled the usual procedures followed in the process of arms trade with the outside world:

"I am only aware of the specific procedures adopted for the sale of arms and ammunition by military factory establishments supervised by the Army (and not by the General Staff of the Armed Forces), and that were just:

- National Small Arms Ammunition Factory (FNMAL) - Fábrica Militar de Prata (FMBP)

These establishments had administrative and financial autonomy.

The sales of arms that these factory establishments proposed to carry out were alvays subject to authorization from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MNE) (for reasons of possible foreign policy effects).

Those requests for authorization were sent to the MNE through the General Staff of the Armed Forces (EMGFA), because, only through this, the Branches - Army, Armada and Air Force - if they could then correspond with the Government.

And even these two military manufacturing establishments came under the tutelage of the Government on 31 October 1980 (Decree-Law No.571-A/80, of October 31).

All other war material factories were supervised by

governinent:

Thus, the Government protected:

1. Through the Ministry of National Defense (MDN):

- The Portuguese Explosives Society (SPE)

- Trafaria Explosives (EXTRA) 2. Through the Ministry of Industry and Technology:

- Oeiras Foundry and Mechanical Constructions (FCMO) - COMETNA - Companhia Metalúrgica Nacional.

While CEMGFA or President of the Republic did not have or had EMGFA any role, either in the sale or purchase of weapons, whether on import or re-export.

The legislation on the trade in war material was changed in 1980, with the entry of into force of Decree-Law no. 371/80, of 11 September, whose preamble states the following:

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"It is necessary to reformulate the legislation applicable to the export of war material and ammunition and the import of raw materials and other goods for the production of the same material. In particular, the rules contained in Decree-Laws need 10 be thoroughly updated. 39 397, of 22 October 1953 and 40 409. of 6 July 1955 ».

The diploma applies to the national production of war material and ammunition ordered by countries foreigners, the export or re-export of war material and ammunition and the import of raw material and other goods for the production, by national companies, of war material, ammunition and military equipment ordered by the Armed Forces or other forces military and militarized people of Portugal.

Additionally, article 2 establishes the powers of the Minister of Defense and the Minister of Foreign Affairs in this matter.

Thus, the Minister of National Defense has the following powers:

aj «To establish, in agreement with the competent departments of foreign governments, the

acceptance of orders for war material and ammunition for execution by the industry

national armaments; b) Authorize national companies to accept orders of the nature memioned in

previous paragraph destined for foreign countries or 10 promote the export or

re-export of war material und ammunition; c) To sanction the export of war material and ammunition sold by the Armed Forces and

other military and militarized forces; d) Issue the authorizations provided for in article 3 of the present diploma; e) Promote the inspection provided for in article 6 and the accreditation provided for in article 7 of

this diploma ».

In addition to the competences of the Minister of National Defense, the following competences on the part of Minister for Foreign Affairs:

«It is incumbent upon the Minister for Foreign Affairs to issue an opinion on the desirability of operations mentioned in paragraphs a) to c) of the previous number, from the point of view of external ».

The impact of the work of the CPI on the issuc of arms cxports, specifically in thc export of weapons for Iran comes from a news item in the Portugal Today newspaper, published on November 11, 1980, which originated an official note from the Government on the subject.

Says the daily news:

«Diplomatic observers are hanging around with their ears in the air to see if they know anything about the precise und concrete destinations of the arms thut Portugal sells abroad. It says that Lisbon hus been supplying ammunition to Iran, with which it was said that Portugal had severed commercial relations with great scandal ".

At the end of the article, six questions are asked in the form of a public appeal:

1. Israel was, before the fall of the Shah of Iran, one of the major arms suppliers 10

that country. Some dealers involved in the business will have tried to maintain their position in the

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market after Khomeiny's victory putting Portugal in benveen. There was or not contacts, through English people, with the Portuguese Government, namely in the to gain holdings in our war material companies,

namely the Trafaria Explosives? 2. Is it true or rumor that there are several opinions on the matter, possibly a

of Minister Pinto Balsemão? 3. To whom (specifically) Portuguese weapons or other weapons acquired by

Portuguese entities after January 1980? -1. What is the truth with the passage in Portugal of planes of the company “African Air

Charters "? 5. Which airplanes foreign to the Air Force landed at the base of Montijo last month and which

landings are scheduled for the current month?

The article prompted a joint unofficial note from the Ministry of National Defense and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, whose content was reproduced by the newspaper Portugal Hoje, on November 12, 1980, the day after the publication of the article “Portuguese weapons (og lipan":

According to what was reported that day by the newspaper, the Govemment's unoſlīcial nole was quoted in ſull:

«Regarding several questions raised in today's edition of Portugal Today about ma hypothetical sale of Portuguese arms to Iran, the following is reported:

a) The Government has not authorized, nor will it authorize, any sale of arms or

ammunition to Iran. b) The Government has not authorized, nor will it authorize , transit through Portuguese airporis of

military aircraft of any origin carrying weapons or ammunition with

destination to Iran c) No foreign entity has taken, or will take, shares in the company

Portuguese explosives.

The fears advanced by Portugal Hoje are totally lacking in these.

Takes the opportunity to clarify that, if there is any inflection in the Portuguese attitude regurding the conflict between Iraq and Iran, in the field of defense material, it never could be favorable to the latter country, taking into account the Portuguese position vis-à-vis Iran resulting from the imprisonment of American hostages

Following the official note, Portugal Today wrote the following:

  • What this is about is quite different from whether they were Portuguese weapons for Iran, even that by interposed person. Nobody sells weapons without knowing where they are going ...

(...)

We also did not ask whether the Government has authorized the use of national airporis or noi for arms transits to Iran. If the elemenis confirmed we have the supplies that would leave Portugal for a third state. And is

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precisely why, to ascertain the veracity of recent information, we asked "what aircraft foreign to the FA landed in the last month at the base of Montijo, and which

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landings are scheduled for the current month ". After we raised the hare We would like to know which planes in these conditions have landed or will land on others military airports.

The Government says in its note that it has not authorized “military aircraft of any origin transporting weapons or ammunition to Iran ". That was never in question. Up until because according to our information the ammunition would be transported on an airplane (in aircraft). possibly from African Air Charters and in the flight plan would not be included as destination airfields in Iran.

We also did not ask if any foreign entity took or will take holdings at the Portuguese Explosives Society. Foreign interests may well be taken care of by national entities.

What we wanted (...) was to know if foreign interests, namely Israeli ones, form were the subject of talks related to the Portuguese arms industry and ammunition. And more: if there are several opinions on the subject “possibly a Minister Pinto Balsemão "taking into account, namely, the interest in exploring the Iranian market

The reason why both articles from Portugal Today are practically in full is due, precisely, with the fact that the course of the CPI's work confirmed some of the events reported by the daily, namely the export of military material to Iran, in 1980, by the interposition of a third state. In addition to what resulted from the of the IGF audit of the EMGFA Office accounts - which confirm the dispatch of military material to Iran five days after the death of the Prime Minister and Minister of Defense - some of details cited by Portugal Today were revealed by Coinmander Alpoim Calvão, whose testimony then dissects.

According to the Commander, Explosivos da Trafaria was dedicated to the manufacture of explosives and had present in the governing bodies, personalities such as General Femando Pinto de Resende, Engineers Diogo da Fonseca and Carlos Pardal, in addition to a representative of a Spanish partner, whose name Alpoim Calvão did not recall:

«I want to remember his name, but I only remember him being the Minister of Health at the time from the previous regime... I lack one, but I don't remember who it is ».

Regarding the company's activity; the Commander stated the following:

«The company's activity was essentially the manufacture of explosives. It was creuted for that and, more later, to meet the needs of the Armed Forces and because the State understood it • gave the necessary impetus for that - started to dedicate itself to the manufacture of ammunition

the company did the final phase, the so-called lapping-loading, assembling and packing, that is,

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load, assemble and pack. That was, sap, a final extension of the assembly line for ammunition. We received raw materials from abroad, we worked there, we made shipments and then either delivered to the Portuguese Armed Forces or were sold abroad ».

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Once arms and ammunition exports were confirmed, Alpoim Calvão was asked about the fate of export:

«I must tell you thai, as I recall, we exported to Syria, to Iraq, not directly but through a society that existed, which was COMETNA. We exported to Rhodesia, if I'm not mistaken, and we also exported to Iran ».

Regarding Cometna's role, the following was stated:

<COMETNA was a company ihat made metal casings for aviation bombs, They are had the contracts but asked us to do the final part, and we would deliver the metallic wrappers, we loaded and returned them 10 COMETNA, which exported. There was even the coincidence, at some point, that there are two companies in which the Portuguese State had interest: one exported to Iran and the other to Iraq».

After these introductory data, the Commander was asked about his role in raising foreign customers, namely following what had been stated in the Commission by Juzarte Rolo - that Alpoim Calvão was the person who brought the most business to the company: Alpoim Calvão confirmed this fundamental role for countries like Syria, Rhodesia and Iran, but

for Iraq:

«Regarding Iraq, no. As I say, Irag was more for COMETNA and SPEL, which was the Portuguese Explosives Society. For Iran it's true, I got some openings for that country, as, indeed, for Syria and Rhodesia ".

The Commander was then asked if he had ever sent weapons to Iran via Israel. The question and its sequence took the following form:

To the question " Have you ever sent weapons to Iran through Israel?" Commander Alpoim Calvão answered:

"No. Israel sent us through Iran.

(...)

What happened? Obviously, our armaments industry was very limited. Per Therefore, to buy metal, to buy ... We, for example, did not do 155 caliber artillery ammunition, we had to buy the metallic mes abroad. And wher he offered to sell merals, knowing perfectly well where he was going, it was Israel, that is, it was Israel's Military Indusiries, IMI».

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Regarding the procedures for the export of war material, the Commander described it as always depending on the authorization of the Portuguese Government:

"First, we got a contract, or a contract promise, or something, and, then we had to raise the problem with the Directorate-General for Armament, which belonged to the Ministry of National Defense. The Ministry of National Defense normally asked the Ministry of Foreign Affairs what did you think of the business, if it was interesting or not, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as a rule, gave an answer of “neither yes nor no", and then it was the Ministry of Defense that had to make the final decision.

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As, in fact, the armameni factories belonged to the Ministry of Defense, and only us, for For example, we had 600 workers, we had to pay wages at the end of the month ».

Regarding the arms trade embargo to Iran, Alpoim Calvão stated not only never having been wamed by the Government as having always been authorized by the Ministry of Defense to export arms.

I could know, because I read the newspapers, but I never received a communication, say, formal the Directorate-General for Armament, or something like that, saying that they couldn't export weapons here, there and there! It was always case by case!

(...)

All sales we have made have always been authorized by the Ministry of Defense »

Alpoim Calvão also confirmed an increase in the billing of the company Explosivos da Trafaria, as as it had been conveyed by Juzarte Rulo. According to the commander, there was a year, or 1980 or 1981 in which around 7 billion escudos (35 million euros) of arnament. At the same time, the importance of Iran and Iraq was confirmed for this increase in turnover in 1980, with the year already running, Lisbon received a mission from both countries that came to buy arms, quite possibly at a time when the trade embargo on Iran it would already be in place.

Asked about the concrete export to countries like Syria and Iran, Alpoim Calvão recalled an episode that occurred in 1980, when ammunition was transferred from an Israeli plane to a piane from Iran, at Lisbon airport

. However, beyond that episode, only after 1981 war material was marketed to Iran:

"I believe that some cannons have been sold without recoil, therefore, material not explosive, which, by the way, came from Israel and pussed through Lisbon airport for a Iran Air, who came to Lisbon to pick them up for their final destination. It was, as i suy inert material. Were some 100 cannons without recoil (I no longer remember how much they cost at the time, but maybe some $ 20,000 / each or so) that made the transfer here, but came from Israel, they transhipped here and were sold there. An Iran Air plane came. purposely, get them here.

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(...)

Therefore, I am actually telling you what happened. I'm sure that ammunition was only sold... It takes a long time to. You need to buy the raw materials, metals, in short, buy everything and then you need to load and still we need to inspect, and Iranian inspectors came here. The inspectors came here to inspect and they entered through the normal door, they did not come secretly, nor did they come in disguise! Entered through the normal door, they went to the factories, saw and accepted, or not, because they could refuse! They could Do not accept. This time they knew perfectly well, for example, that the metals came from Israel, They knew perfectly well! We did not manufacture those metals. Metallic 155 or 203 came from Israel. We only remembered to buy a forge for that when there was no more necessity, and the forge stayed there, at INDEP, as another proof of the ineptitude of the planning. Well, that's another thing!

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Now what I can say is that inspectors came in, saw, went to watch the shipments...! Want something clearer and cooler than this ?! I dont know!

(...)

I'm almost sure, but anyway, I can't guarantee you that we never sell directly nothing for Iran, except from 1981. The only thing I remember before 1981 is the departure of 100 cannons without recoil, that came from Israel here, and that the transfer was made here to Iran Air, which also entered legally, landed legally at the airport and took them! It was something they were looking for and couldn't find and what perhaps triggered the great business chain they did with us was the fact that we solved a little problem they had! ».

Regarding the Government's concern with the issue of arms exports, Alpoim Calvão stated that strict control of procedures, both bureaucratic and logistical, but recalled that there was a specific concern on the part of the Government about the illicit export of weapons, which he himself says he does not know exists in Portugal:

«Even by the right legislation that existed, it was seen that the Ministry of Defense had this worry. The legislation was very right and required many licenses.

For example, for the transport of ammunition from the Explosives factory in Trufaria to SetúbUL, which was the normal port of embarkation, police escorts were required, rules of security, scouts ahead, the port practically closed... It was important logistics and complicated!

(...)

Notice, 1, in order to be an administrator at Explosivos da Trafaria, I had to pass the National Security Authority and to be accepted by the Directorate-General for Armaments. No there was reason not to go through the National Security Authority, which was very demanding. Anyway, they asked lots of questions, such as if you had ever visited a country in the East,

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I didn't know how many and such...! There was a certain care in these things. From a technical point of view, we were even under the purview of an entity that was the Explosives Commission, and I no longer remember whether it belonged to the Ministry of Administration Internal Affairs or the Ministry of Defense, but one of the main functions they had was check our technical capacity, check how the shipments were made, if the security measures were taken... this for both military explosives and for civilian explosives, for civilian purposes, such as quarries, etc. In fact, I think these functions are now even performed by the Public Security Police, but I'm not sure; already is many years have passed!

With regard to the Overseas Military Defense Fund, Alpoim Calvão claimed to have heard of the fund, but without giving it too much relevance, having also declared never to have received, as representative of Explosivos da Trafaria no payment through the FDMU:

  • Of relevance? I didn't find anything relevant. You know I'm very cautious about the news. I always cut the news, even today, I classify it. I still classify the news today:

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if something is very silly, what is the ... Excuse me talking about this, which is a little thing side, but the news is classified according to its origins and likelihood and only after having a lot of neu's together is thar you can cut them oUL, and that's where the information comes from. Information is a series of clippings from various news items that you can see later if you have any suhstance, or not.

At that time, I didn't care about these news, nor do I care about any importance ».

3.4. The death of José Moreira

One of the issues addressed by the CPI was the death considered to be accidental by José Moreira and Elisabete Silva, in January 1983, just before the first CPI testimony was given by of José Moreira, owner of an airplane that he had placed in the service of the presidential campaign Soares Cameiro and who will have financed, at his own expense, a private investigation to what happened in Camarate. José Moreira and Elisabete Silva were found dead in a Carnaxide apartment in early 1983, the cause of his death being due, according to the Judiciary Police, to accidental inhalation of carbon monoxide. In view of the doubts between deputies, relatives of the victims of the Camarate attack and their representatives, X CPITC decided take steps to ascertain the nature of the death of José Moreira and Elisabete Silva. The two objectives of this approach were related to i) whether or not the death thesis was confirmed accidental and, ii) if proven death by homicide, establish a relationship between that fact and the attack that victimized, among others, the Prime Minister and the Minister of Defense in 1980.

In this sense, the Institute of Legal Medicine of Coimbra was asked for a new' analysis of the tissues to confim the accidental death thesis,

At the same time, police

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Deputy Attoreys General authors of a disciplinary inquiry into the investigation of José's death Moreira and Elisabete Silva.

3.4.1. Accidental death or homicide?

On November 5, 2013, Professor Doctor Duarte Nuno was heard in the Commission Vieira, President of the Board of Directors of the Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences and the Professor Rosa Henriques de Gouveia on the causes of death of José Moreira and Elisabete Silva,

In the form of an introductory note, Duarte Nuno Vicira stated thc following:

«The Institute was in faci requested by this Commission to reassess the studies histological tests performed about 30 years ago following autopsies that were carried out in 1983 to to victims who, in principle, would have died as a result of poisoning by carbon monoxide. It took us some time to answer, because we had 10 find the starting blocks of the samples that had been taken at that time and that, fortunately, they were shelved. although the law'even allows the Institute, two years after have done the studies, may destroy the samples if the courts do not give indications for

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that these samples are preserved. Fortunately, we kept this estate and therefore after a few months of searching the archives it was possible to detect the original blocks.

These blocks were processed again, were studied again by Professor Rosa Gouveia, who is one of our anatomopathologists who works at the headquarters and delegation from the center of the National Institute of Forensic Medicine, and new preparations were made. Were studied and, therefore, the repori was issued, which they will have received with the possible conclusions, than it is possible to extract from these new analyzes ".

Affirming that it is not up to forensic medicine or autopsies to make a differential diagnosis between homicide, suicide and accident, Duarte Nuno Vieira revealed, however, the existence of some relevant indications arising from the autopsy result

Regarding the cause of death, the inhalation of carbon monoxide was confirmed as having been the fundamental vector for the death of José Moreira and Elisabete Silva:

«The death was certainly due to carbon monoxide poisoning because autopsies well done, complete and have unmistakable signs of poisoning by carbon, namely a very characteristic aspect, which almost allows making the diagnosis. which is the carmine color of the corpses and this results in fact from the huge amount of carboxyhemoglobin that is present in the blood and gives this very typical color 10 the bodies of the people who die intoxicated by this substance “.

However, there were elements that generated some perplexity to the technicians of the Institute of Medicine Legal when re-analyzing tissues:

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  • It also showed some elements that create some perplexity, namely a rupture pulmonary alveoli, which we have now been able to verify again, and which does not part of the usual picture of carbon monoxide poisoning. In fact, the diagnosis of carbon monoxide poisoning is almost a diagnosis of exclusion, when we exclude other causes of death and when we detect these typical colorations in the body and then the concentrations laboratories, in laboratory, that justify a death by the product. Otherwise, no they leave nothing more specific, or they tend to leave nothing more specific ».

Having described part of the picture he encountered, Duarte Nuno Vieira characterized intoxication by carbon monoxide as follows:

«To also tell you that death by carbon monoxide has some ubiquity; that is, the levels carboxyhemoglobin mortals vary slightly from person to person, naturally depend on the person's previous health status, depend on their physical characteristics, depend on the concentration in the environment. A normal citizen may begin to experience symptoms carbon monoxide poisoning from 2 - 20%, but usually from 10-20% is when they become clearer, and carboxyhemoglobin levels above 60% already they are necessarily deadly. Death occurs because there is no more oxygen supply to the tissues, carboxyhemoglobin has an affinity for hemoglobin 250 times higher than that of oxygen. And therefore, hemoglobin instead of transporting oxygen to the tissues becomes trunsport this chemical agent, the tissues cease to be sufficiently oxygenated and the person dies asphyxiated so to speak, because he does not have enough oxygen supply ».

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The context of habitual carbon monoxide poisoning, however, varies from person to person. person, which made the technicians of the Institute of Legal Medicine question the simultaneity of the death of José Moreira and Elisabete Silva:

“But, as I was telling you, the speed at which this death can occur will, of course, vary from person to person, and right away one of the things that caused me some perplexity in this case concrete was the faci thar the two people appeared dead at the same time, as if the product would have done the same action on both people simultaneously, which is not normal. Because they are people with totally different physical characteristics the product would be expected to have also different performance levels, that one of them had died first and the other one a little later or even if he realized that something wouldn't be right when he saw the another person loses consciousness ».

In short, in addition to the simultaneous death, the analysis of José Moreira's tissues showed a rupture pulmonary alveoli, a fact that the technicians of the Instituto de Medicina Legal perpetual. According to Duarte Nuno Vieira, this can only occur in two situations:

  • {...) In mechanical asphyxiation, when they result from an occlusion of the airways to drown oui shouting or trying to kill the person by covering the mouth and nose with your hands, where efforts Respiratory conditions actually cause the pulmonary alveoli to rupture; in drowning,

because the person, first, holds his breath and then, when he can do it anymore, he makes a

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forced inspiration, the water jets into the lungs and blows up the pulmonary alveoli; or when some substance is forcibly instilled through the airways ».

Excluding the possibility of drowning, Duarte Nuno Vieira enunciates the two possibilities for José Moreira's death:

«If it was caused by an occlusion of the respiratory orifice, we cannot say whether it was or not, we these elemenis, nor was any dissection made at the time, at least it is not written in the report the autopsy, which would eventually be justified if that hypothesis has been anticipated at first, which was to remove the skin to see - because sometimes there are aspects at the level but they can stay internally and you can see when you hit and when you remove the skin from the head - underneath the blood infiltrations and the signs that could reveal this type of situation. Now, it may really be a forced administration of this type of chemical substance, which turns out to be arguably what caused death ».

Asked about the high amount of carbon monoxide, Duarte Nuno Vieira confirmed the unusual fact, but it was less perentious as to the conclusions that could result, as far as where “ toxicological analyzes and methodologies used were not as sensitive as they are today day". It further states the fact that, however, these two possibilities do not imply inconsistencies with the accurate result of the autopsies: the cause of the death of José Moreira and Elisabete Silva was carbon monoxide poisoning. This result, as well as the rupture of the pulmonary alveoli, a consistent line of investigation should have been matched, with the collection of new data, namely the results of the histological exams that will not have been made available to the doctor tanatologist, Fernando Fonseca.

«Histological examinations, in fact, at the time, as far as I remember, were not totally considered by autopsies. But, I repear, I do not have the exact knowledge of how

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things happened at the time, I'm just talking about what I had access 10, the documentation that was provided to us. The expert at the time was even a good expert, as autopsies are well done', are detailed and well described, contrary to the autopsies of other victims in the Camarate case that I had the opportunity to appreciate earlier and that they had some shortcomings and shortcomings. The autopsies of these two victims are well prepared and are complete, are very well executed.

Now, I don't know if the experi had histology reports before completing these autopsies, should have had, but I think thai, later, in the statements that I had occasion to read and that he paid at the time, he expressed his surprise when he noticed the rupture of the alveoli pulmonary, in view of the situation and the conclusions he had drawn up ".

Regarding the work carried out in the examinalion of cadavers, Duarte Nuno Vieira stated that he would have concluded in the same way, but that could have possibly signaled, in a proper place in the report, the lack of consistency of the rupture of the pulmonary alveoli with the thesis of accidental death;

«Anyway, let me tell you that, obviously, in terms of completing the autopsy and

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in terms of the cause of death would have concluded

anywanafibwere in the shares of that expert, who

from information and at the worked at the Institute of Legal Medicine of Lisbon, for carbon monoxide. Now what not would have been neglected to point out in the autopsy report, namely in the chapter "Discussion", that there were data and, particularly from the histological point of view that raised some perplexity and that came to pose problems and concerns as to how this monoxide of carbon would have entered that organism. This is because that rupture of the pulmonary alveoli is not at all consistent with a situation of accidental poisoning by carbon, makes, I repear, think of either a forced administration or an occlusion of the respiratory diseases, which is usually the condition that leads to this type of rupture ".

Finally, it is inportant to make a brief reference to the fact that José Moreira's body some abrasions on the knees and left shoulder, in addition to a deviated septum and hemorrhage nasal.

3.4.2. The death of José Moreira and Elisabete Silva and their investigation

On January 5, 1983, the bodies of José Moreira and Elisabete Silva were found, in a apartment in Carnaxide. Following the alarm given by the gate, two elements of the GNR have will be directed to the apartment, followed by elements from the Oeiras Public Ministry, members of the Health Delegation, two agents from the Crime and Banditry Directorate and two agents of the 2nd section of the homicide department of the Judicial Police.

The two officers from the 2nd section of the homicide department of the Judicial Police who moved to the place were Mário Jorge Coimbra Mendes and Paulo Franco. At that time the idea was spread that whether he would have treated death by poisoning, since there would be indications of some gas smell. However, according to agent Herculano Morgado, also from the 2nd section and later tasked with investigating what happened, the amount of gas would not be lethal:

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«Honestly, I don't know if the issue - as I mentioned here - was water heater, but I'm not a heater technician. I didn't feel any brutal smell, but

What did we expect? We hoped that it would be analyzed by a water heater experi, which would be the subsequent due diligence, and say, black and white, after making tests, whether or not it was a water heater problem",

also ...

It was also evident in the statements to agents Paulo Franco and Herculano Morgado that he was not adequate protection of the apartment. Both agents responded to Eduardo Dias Costa, responsible for both the 2nd and 3rd homicide section of the P.J.

On January 13 of the same year, the investigation of the case is attributed to agent Herculano. In that saine day, the agent went to the Canaxide apartinent accompanied by three engineers - two from ESSO Gás, Lda., and the third from the Portuguese Petroleum Gas Association

Liquefied. This visit to the apartment concludes the following, according to the resulting report

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from the disciplinary investigation of the PGR to the procedures of the PJ and the Institute of Legal Medicine:

«(...) Both the water heater and the stove were burning normally and there was no break either in the jurs or in the tubes connecting them to those devices (...), noticing uny gas leakage!

Five days later, on January 18, 1983, a new inspection of the site, namely the heater that was in the apartment, elaborated by techniques from the Ricardo Jorge Institute, found the deficient burn of the appliance, having the gas concentration values in the apartment reached about 110 ppm. This value was determined in the bathroom after an hour and a half of operation. According to the Prosecutor's order already mentioned, at this value correspond to possible symptoms of dizziness and headaches - the fatal dose will be greater than 1000 ppm. These techniques were accompanied, on that day, by agents Herculano Morgado and Paulo Franco.

As already mentioned, the victims had been found inanimate, with the cause of their death if due to carbon monoxide inhalation, a fact confirmed in the autopsy report perfomed by the Thanatologist Fernando Fonseca, dated January 19, 1983.

In parallel to the autopsies, histological examinations were performed on the cadavers, the result of which delivered by hand to Agent Herculano on April 11 of the same year. These results indicated, already in 1983, the rupture of the victims' pulmonary alveoli, and this fact was not transmitted to Thanatologist Fernando Fonseca, according to his statements.

On April 29, the agent Herculano Morgado presented the report that supports the thesis of accidental death of José Moreira and Elisabete Silva, report validated by Eduardo Dias Costa and sent by the latter to the Public Ministry:

The agent Herculano Morgado says he does not remember seeing the results of the histological examination, stating that, had it done so, it would have taken other steps:

  • (...), But I don't remember reading that, that histological report. I don't remember having received nothing after the autopsy report.

(...)

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I mean, if I saw it, if I read it, of course I did! I never spared any effort in the matter to investigate! I do not remember that in that exam it is said that the lungs burst",

Thus, despite receiving the results of the histological examinations on April 11, 1983, it was not thai faci in the filing order produced by the Judicial Police eighteen days later,

3.4.3. The PGR disciplinary inquiry

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On November 28, 2013, the attorneys general were heard at the Commission deputies João Dias Borges and José Ribeiro Afonso.

Both prosecutors were involved in the elaboration of a PGR disciplinary inquiry into the performance of the Judiciary Police and the Institute of Legal Medicine. This inquiry look place in the following the deficiencies pointed out to the investigation by the V Eventual Commission of Inquiry Camarate accident

The objective of the inquiry was, therefore, to determine disciplinary responsibilities to the Institute of Medicine Legal (João Dias Borges) and the performance of the PJ (in charge of José Ribeiro Afonso). The result of it, validated by the then Attorney General of the Republic, Dr. Cunha Rodrigues, concluded that it was not no disciplinary offense has been committed. It was 1992.

The report that resulted from that disciplinary investigation confirmed the fact that the results of the histological examinations on the tissues of José Moreira and Elisabete Silva were only completed on 7 April 1983.

X CPITC MPs showed some strangeness because the results of the examination histological findings, mentioned in the PGR report, did not precipitate the reopening of the process. On this lopic, allorney João Dias Borges stated the following:

«As the Honorable Member knows, the reopening of any criminal case has an own procedure. When making an inquiry into liability disciplinary action, this question passes by the respective inquirer. I, at least, didn't know that elements were in the respective criminal process, which probably existed, but there was a inquiry process at the time. In fact, i don'ı know if it was an inquiry or if it was an instruction preparatory, I no longer remember well, but there was a process that was opened. Now, all these elements to be carried was there, and we were conducting an inquiry about the disciplinary responsibility rather than making an inquiry or an assessment the way of deciding on that criminal proceeding ».

In addition to keeping the disciplinary and procedural arcas separatc, thc said attorncy mentions, in the report, the contradictions between the different reports, in order to conclude the following:

«The causes of death are shown to be correctly determined. in medico-legal terms, not appropriate to attribute any correlation to the medico-legal examinations to consider that the explanation of the death of José Moreira and his companion are inconsistent ».

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For the preparation of the PGR report, the doctor's words were also taken into account Thanatologist to llI CEAC, in 1986, who, among other statements, said the following:

«In the corpse's blood, the presence of carboxyhemoglobin reaching saturation was revealed 85%, much higher than the deadly limit. (...) There is carbon monoxide the victims, (...) carbon monoxide is a light, odorless, tasteless gas thai rises and

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Despite these doubts raised by Fernando Fonseca, the prosecutor, after analyzing the facts and testimony, affirms that there is no basis for excluding the accidental death thesis, as the demonstrate the following points taken from the PGR report:

- « The percentages of carbon monoxide found in Eng. José Moreira and

companion, are not liable to alter the medico-legal conclusions brought to the autoptic reports, not being a basis for concluding from them

accidental death or not ». - «Neither Dr. Fernando da Fonseca declared that the death could have been caused by

introduction of a gas under pressure in the nose and mouth, as if it were a mask for

anesthesia, nor this hypothesis (...) has the least basis in objective data ». - «And what is clear is that neither the witness mentioned this, nor are there elemenis, even,

to indicate that the death was caused by the introduction of a gas under pressure in the nose and mouth (note of the rapporteur: this excerpt appears in the PGR report, analyzing the statements by the Thanatologist, Fernando Fonseca, to the III CEIAC, in 1986. In these statements, Femando Fonseca states the following: “If there were ruptures, there would be the same something that exists, for example, in the drowned, that is, small hemorrhages exactly by bursting of the pulmonary alveoli. (...) I must say that this pressure would provoke the bursting of the alveoli and, if the victims were alive, it caused hemorrhage. In In short, the PGR report mentions part of Fernando Fonseca's responses to CEIAC, but it does not evidence what was said about the rupture of the pulmonary alveoli] ».

In parallel, in the PGR report, two contradictory facts are slaled, namely the access and lack of access to the results of the histological examination by the thanatologist - the statements in which Fernando Fonseca says he does not remember having seen the results, and simultaneously the following deduction is made:

« It is certain that the reports of the histological exams must have been passed by the expert thanatologist, as was practical and in such a way that he had the opportunity to check them.

The PGR disciplinary inquiry further confinned, once again, that the results of the examinations histological samples had been delivered, by hand, to agent Herculano.

The PGR report was discussed with Deputy Attorney General Dias Bravo and with Attorney General Republic, José Narciso Cunha Rodrigues and did not result in the determination of any liability disciplinary action by the PJ and Legal Medicine Institute involved. Also note that the following elements of the PJ were heard by the prosecutors: Paulo Bernardino, Lourenço Martins, Marques Monteiro, Herculano Morgado, Mário Jorge Mendes and Artur Mendes Pinto, this last of

Costa,

superior of Herculano Morgado in the 2nd section of homicides of the PJ, was not heard.

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3.5. Other questions

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In addition to the three main areas of focus for the aforementioned works, namely the FDMU, the export of arms to Iran and the death of José Moreira, X CPITC also carried out steps with the former secret services of the German Democratic Republic - to Stasi, in the sense to verify the existence of any references to the Camarate attack in the vast documentary collection existing in the city of Berlin.

The confessed perpetrators of the attack were also heard in the Commission, namely Fernando Farinha Simões, José Esteves and Carlos Miranda, as well as others individuals identified by these as having links to the Camarate attack.

Finally, X CPITC experienced some difficulties in carrying out its work, namely those created by RTP in the provision of images, as well as the resignation of some embassies in giving information to Parliament, facts mentioned in this chapter.

3.5.1. Other testimonials

It is also important to mention some facts revealed for the first time in this Committee of Inquiry into the throughout their work.

Among the most relevant facts are those brought to Parliament by Isabel Mesquita Veiga de Macedo, personal secretary of the then Prime Minister, Francisco Sá Carneiro.

Despite never being formally heard in court, Sá Carneiro's secretary revealed that the decision to go to Porto was taken "a few days before", with the appointment of Sá's flight Aries at TAP a back-up measure - usual procedure - if the weather conditions were bad. The initial idea was to use the Cessna provided by RAR, similar to the plane that would be targeted in Camarate. However, at the invitation of the Minister of Defense, Sá Carneiro he would eventually dispense with the RAR plane (which had meanwhile headed for Lisbon), boarding the flight fatal. A relevant fact from the aforementioned testimony is related to the unmarking of the trip de Sá Carneiro on the TAP flight: contrary to the version of Conceição Monteiro, advisor to the Prime Minister, and also reiterated in the present Commission, Isabel Mesquita Veiga de Macedo affirmed perpetually, it was the person who canceled the TAP flight, just before the check-in closing.

Relevant to the work of the Commission was also the testimony of Diana Andringa, a joumalist from

RTP

According to the journalist, three RTP teams traveled to the site: the first team integrated the journalist Henrique Garcia, the second, the film team where Diana Andringa followed, accompanied by Margarida Marante, the third team was led by Joaquim Furtado. Upon arrival to the place, the journalist remembers that images had been captured and to have made a minimum of five interviews. Diana Andringa's work would appear in the Jornal da Uma on December 5, 1980, but not in the Jornal da Noite of the same day. Strange the fact, the journalist would end up trying find images captured by his team, having never been able to find them - it was the possibility of having disappeared or being used for new recordings mentioned.

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However, Diana Andringa was convinced, in the commission, that the brutes of images he had captured, contrary to what he believed to have occurred in relation to the assembled parts and the brutes of the interviews. In addition to the work collected on the spot by Diana Andringa's team, Other images had been collected, both by Henrique Garcia, still unaware of the plane crew, as by Joaquim Furtado.

Finally, it is important to give a brief note to a document written by the pilot Luis Garção and delivered to the Commission 10 , reiterating the enormous expertise demonstrated by pilot Jorge Albuquerque when Camarate attack, namely when trying to keep the plane under control, under conditions extremely difficult. The importance of this testimony clarifies, once again, possible doubts that have arisen, particularly during the investigation, about the pilot.

3.5.2. The Stasi

AX CPITC decided to send to the archives of the former secret police of the German Democratic Republic - the Stasi * a request for information regarding an existing reference in your estate to the attack on Camarate. The reason for the request was due to the fact that, over the years and the different Parliamentary Commissions of Inquiry, the possibility of Stasi's knowledge having been conveyed details of the attack

However, the response from Germany was negative, and no relevant information.

3.5.3. The different versions on December 4, 1980

Having been the statements of Fernando Farinha Simões one of the foundations for the constitution of a new Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy, it is important to reflect, ohjectively, the confessions delivered by Fernando Farinha Simões, José Esteves and Carlos Miranda to X CPITC, as well as its statements by the Commission regarding the preparation and perpetration of the attack that victimized, among others, the Prime Minister and the Minister of Defense.

Since the statements were made in different sessions with multiple differences, if by placing the elements common to the different testimonies, in a narrative without excerpts, without first making the reservation of the deponents' marked animosity, incoherence and bipolar stance, reiterating the fact that it is a very debatable version of the events an.

Short version of the testimonies of Fernando Farinha Simões, José Esteves, Carlos Miranda, Elza Simões and Victor Pereira

Fernando Farinha Simões, José Esteves and Carlos Miranda will have known each other in Luanda, before 1974, during military service. From 1975 they will have participated in CODECO (meaning

10 See Annex 16 11 In this regard, the majority of representatives of the victims' relatives signed a declaration joint action, as set out in Annex 15.

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"Operational Commands for the Defense of Western Civilization”), an organization designed to defend, if necessary through guerrilla warfare and resorting to acts of viotence, the “Western World Values", according to your own definition. Between 1974 and 1976, Fernando Farinha Simões, José Esteves and Carlos Miranda is said to have participated in the said bomb network.

Fernando Farinha Simões allegedly worked for the CIA from 1975, with Frank Carlucci portrecerce parten

Between September and October 1980, Fernando Simões asked José Esteves for his collaboration in a concrete operation, necessary because there are elements within the AD that would be creating problems with arms transport. Fernando Simões says that this operation will have been paid and executed by the CIA. He also informed Carlos Miranda of the operation, indicating that in it Lee Rodrigues would participate, asking him to support José Esteves in the manufacture of an explosive device for this operation. Carlos Miranda will have accepted, having stayed several days working on this mill at José Esteves's.

Allegedly between September and November 1980, Farinha Simões had several meetings in the Sheraton Hotel, in Lisbon, with Gary Van Dyk, from South African secret services, but who also he collaborated with the CIA and with secret service Americans, including Frank Sturgis.

In early November 1980, Farinha Simões invited José Esteves to participate in a meeting on a boat at anchor in Cascais, where there are about eight people, including Lee Rodrigues, Frank Sturgis and four other American citizens. It has been said that it is necessary to organize an operation soon, in Lisbon, to bring down a small plane. For this purpose Frank Sturgis will have given José Esteves 200,000 USD, stating that they should be used in the manufacture of a pump.

Later that month, José Esteves and Farinha Simões went to Hotel Altis, in Lisbon, where Juanita Valderrama, wife of Major Canto e Castro, would have given them a package with material for the manufacture of a bomb to be used in the attack in preparation. José Esteves will have taken the referred material for his house at Rua Elias Garcia nº 111, in Cacém, where he will have manufactured a milt explosive. Farinha Simões and Carlos Miranda visited the apartment frequently.

João Pedro Dias, who dedicated himself to small theſts, will have succeeded, at the request of Femando Simões, steal the card of Miguel Wahnon, a TAP employee, in order to allow entry into the airport al José Esteves. A pilot uniform was also obtained for Sinan Lee Rodrigues

Around December 1, a meeting took place in a palace known as the Palace Roquete, in Lisbon, which, being normally frequented by returnees, offered conditions for that this meeting should be held discreetly. Farinha Simões, José Esteves, Major Canto e Castro, Carlos Miranda and Sinan Lee Rodrigues. Major Canto e Castro, heard by Cominission via teleconference, permanently denied knowing any of the alleged agents involved in the Camarate attack. Fernando Simões will have revealed that the operation would take place days and that the target would be Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa, who would be conducting an investigation on arms trafficking in Portugal. The referred operation would have the objective of protecting beneficiaries of said arms deal. It is referred by Farinha Simões that Lee Rodrigues he had been hired for this operation to place the explosive device manufactured by José Esteves.

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On the afternoon of December 4, José Esteves reportedly drove with Farinha Simões to the Portela airport, where they will have met Lee Rodrigues, to whom the mill is delivered produced hy José Esteves. Flour Simões will also have met Frank Sturgis in the airport, from where he will have contacted William Hasselberg, who would work at the US Embassy in Lisbon and who will have collaborated in the operation.

When, after 8 pm, the Cessna plane takes off, Frank Sturgis and Farinha Simões would be on the end of the runway, outside the airport, close to a Ford Transit van that they would use for their personal transport. A few seconds after the plane took off, Frank Sturgis will have activated a control that will have exploded the bomb placed by Lee Rodrigues at the bottom of the plane, causing its fall in Camarate. By the way it exploded, this bomb may not have been, however, the one manufactured by José Esteves and Carlos Miranda, but another one, more sophisticated, allegedly supplied by the CIA to Farinha Simões.

José Esteves would leave the airport meeting Farinha Simões and Elsa Simões in the hairdresser "Baeta", in the shopping center of Alvalade, where she worked. Then they will have gone on to home of Farinha Simões, in Odivelas, where they will have seen the news of the plane crash. José Esteves will have been surprised, since he was unaware that Sá Cameiro was on the plane. After seeing the news on José Esteves made some calls to Lieutenant Colonel Lencastre Bemardo, with whomi would meet later. Lencastre Bernardo will have referred José Esteves to rest assured just because the investigation of the plane crash would have no consequences for him, but also because the device that José Esteves manufactured would not have been used in the operation, and therefore could not have been the cause of the plane crash. Lieutenant-Colonel Lencastre Bernardo repudiated, in Commission, all statements relating him to José Esteves and Fernando Farinha Simões.

In 1981 or 1982, Melo Alves, who worked with the Judiciary Police and who knew José Esteves for several years, he will have called José Esteves, putting him in contact with an agent of the PJ whom José Esteves would later identify as Victor Pereira. José Esteves will have revealed some details of the Camarate attack, asking in return for legal aid. It will also have counted have actively participated in the Camarate attack, asking what the possibility of not being accused for the act, if he showed repentance and confessed. The conversation was not followed up, since José Esteves will not have identified himself on the phone.

In 1985, as a result of a lot of noise around the Camarate theme, José Esteves will have gone to Brazil, counting on the help of 750 contos delivered to him by Farinha Simões, obtained from the US Embassy.

Later that year, Farinha Simões was arrested for drug trafficking and placed in the prison of Sintra, where he will have met Victor Pereira, now a prisoner. He allegedly confessed to him that participated in the Camarate attack, together with José Esteves. A year later, with eventual help from CIA elements, Farinha Simões manages to escape from prison in Sintra, traveling from then to Brazil, where he frequently meets with José Esteves. Then, Farinha Simões will have It is told, for the first time, that he knew that Sá Carneiro would be on board the plane, having the operation been approved by the CIA, through Frank Carlucci.

In 1994 Farinha Simões returns to Portugal. In 1995, he was arrested again, accused of drug trafficking.

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dainn it. That same year, José Esteves also returns to Portugal.

121

122

While inmates in Portugal, both Fernando Farinha Simões, in 1995, and Carlos Miranda, in 1998, received visits from prosecutors or Judicial Police agents, aid was offered to them if they remained silent about the Camarate attack. José Esteves, in 1996, was also contacted by the Judicial Police in the same direction. The contacts made with Farinha Simões and José Esteves will have been made by the prosecutor of the Public Ministry, Fernando Vaz Ventura.

It is the declared belief of three of the deponents that Camarate was an organized crime by the CIA, with the collaboration of Major Berardo Canto e Castro, with the objective of eliminating people linked to the Alliance Democratic, namely Eng. Adelino Amaro da Costa, who were hampering, in Portugal, aims trafficking and exports. As mentioned above, Major Canto e Castro, heard by the Commission via teleconference, perpetually denied any involvement in the attack on Camarate, as well as mecting any of the alleged agents.

Alan Weberman, author of the book Coup in America: the CIA and the murder of JFK and Jim Hunt, nephew of Frank Sturgis. Both Americans put Sturgis on CIA sphere, although formally outside it, a fact previously mentioned by Farinha Simões. The CIA, in response to the X CPITC, formally denied the possibility that Frank Sturgis worked for the agency.

It is unanimous opinion of Farinha Simões, José Esteves, Elza Simões, Carlos Aliranda and Victor Pereira who, thrce of them, Fernando Farinha Simões and José Esteves participated in the Camarate attack as their material authors, although in different degrees.

These deponents also consider that both the Judiciary Police and the Attomey General's Office Republic never wanted to investigate the plane crash, intimidating anyone who defended the thesis of the attack, thus concealing evidence that pointed to an attack.

3.5.4. The difficulties of X CPITC

Throughout the work of the Commission, some difficulties were luighlighted in the pursuit of works. Some of these difficulties originated from the deliberate concealment of information by several entities, others that resulted from the inexorable passing of time, with the consequent loss of reſerences and memory in relation to the facts that occurred about 34 years ago. In some cases, the passage of time has also served as a comfortable alibi for the omission of information.

3.5.4.1.

MNE / MDN / EMGFA

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Despite various efforts and insistences, it was not possible to locate either with EMGFA or with the MDN, nor with the MNE, certain very relevant correspondence, mentioned in the Audit to the Accounts of the Office of CEMGFA, in the period between the years 1974 to 1981 - this The audit was carried out by the IGF in parallel and in the context of inquiries about the FDMU.

122

123

This correspondence is identified in the correspondence record book of the CEMGFA, corresponding to entry numbers 677 and 678, of December 2 and 9, 1980, and 42, January 22, 1981 - and was revealed by the auditors. All three of these sets of documents have been identified as respecting “EXPORT OF WAR MATERIAL TO IRAN", apparently, according to the entries in the quoted book, of cross-offices between those three organizations, as well as the relevant service notes and information, among other annexes.

This official file, the importance of which was already transmitted to the VIII CPITC, in 2004, however, was never found, apparently there are no more than the mentions in the aforementioned book of correspondence record

AX CPITC deplored the disappearance and the impossibility of analyzing this important documentation, essential to fully clarify its meaning and content, especially when the correspondence occurs on dates of the greatest interest to clarify the attack: 2 and 9 of December 1980 and January 22, 1981. And its simultaneous disappearance - and any copy - of the archives of all three organizations (EMGFA, MDN and MNE), including the letter No. 319 of the SG/MNE of November 28, 1980.

The requesting parliamentary group, the CDS, requested, at the same time, that the Govémment proceeded to “a rigorous urgent investigation as to its possible deviation and disappearance”. IS what will now be done when, unfortunately, according to the latest information received, that "despite all efforts, it was not possible to obtain elements referring to paragraphs b) and c) of letter 154/ XCPITC/2013".

3.5.4.2.

RTP

Following the testimony of Diana Andringa, X CPITC deliberated, based on the authorization of mentioned journalist in having his file regarding the fall of Cessna, requesting RTP the raw images captured on the night of december 4th, namely those collected in Camarate. According to the request submitted, it was requested to “ send the journalistic pieces of December 4, 1980, unedited, as well as all images collected at the accident site and not edited'.

In addition to claiming freedom of the press and the absence of an obligation to disclose sources information, the public company appealed to the Justice, alleging the prescription of the crime that occurred in the skies from Camarate.

Having lost the case at the Lisbon Court of Appeal, which gave reason to the CPI (« relevance of

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

unpublished images "," respect for parliament's decision to set up the commission of inquiry", « Documentary sources and not personal sources » of information »l, the public company appealed to the Supreme Court of Justice, and for these reasons it was decided to suspend the Commission's work.

The Supreme Court of Justice ruled in favor of the questions of the X CPITC, and RTP sent an set of recordings manifestly insufficient in relation to what is public has been shown in television that night. The set of images received did not correspond to the Commission's expectations, as they will not be able to match the footage collected,

123

124

that night in Camarate. You can see, on YouTube, images captured hy RTP reporters that were not sent to the CPI.

3.5.4.3.

Embassies

Following the work of the CPI, namely the hearings held by Farinha Simões, il was set of requirements addressed to the US, UK and British embassies Federal Republic of Germany, in order to obtain some information that corroborates or deny the accusations brought by him to nationals or even to the authorities of those countries. Regarding the United States Embassy in Lisbon, information was requested if Oliver North had been in Portugal in 1980, as well as the whereabouts of William Hasselberg, who will have worked at the embassy that year. No response or information was provided to the Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry.

3.5.4.4.

Witness number two

At the eighth Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry, a witness, known as witness number two, who came to testify under the legal regime for the protection of witnesses. The said witness, whose work would have passed through Explosivos da Trafaria, claimed to have seen company, a report by the Ministry of National Defense on arms trafficking, taking into account also heard General Pinto de Resende say that the matter was serious and that something would have to be done. These words were spoken on October 16, 1980. The witness also stated have encountered Lee Rodrigues and José Esteves, at the Explosivos da Trafaria facilities.

In view of public reports and also addressed by the present Commission, it seemed relevant to hear witness number two again, namely to access a document that it would have delivered to the Supreme Court of Justice on arms trafficking in Portugal, namely in 1985.

mu

two, frustrating the numerous

AX CPITC was unable, howev to contact wi attempts and steps in this direction.

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Time and Memory

It is also important to make a brief consideration of the facts highlighted during the present Commission of Inquiry

More than thirty years after the Camarate attack, it is natural and understandable that memory on the facts that occurred is sparse or even non-existent. However, it was notorious in the work of present Commission the existence of three types of testimonials: the testimonies of those who remembered, the testimonies of those who little remembered and the testimonies of those who everything had been forgotten.

125

Considering that the three postures are understandable given the breadth of the time horizon, it is not even legitimate the attitude of many deponents who, not remembering, did nothing to study on the topic - even when, for example, there were self-made reports about the events, as the evident lack of accountability of some deponents for acts performed by them is not legitimate with the argument that a long time has passed.

Unfortunately, time, combined with a lack of will, may end up not allowing clarification unequivocal of what happened on the night of December 4, 1980.

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Conclusions

4.1. The Parliamentary Commissions of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy

1.

The CPI reproduces the conclusions of the previous commissions, namely those of the V, VI and VIII Parliamentary Commissions of Inquiry into the Camarate Tragedy:

4.2. Initial considerations

II.

Although the work of the present CPI did not focus primarily on the technical details of the attack, testimonies of Professors José Cavalheiro and Henrique Botelho de Miranda concludes and reiterales, once again, that it was due to an attack the fall of the Cessia on the night of December 4, 1980.

4.3. The Overseas Military Defense Fund

III. The FDMU, designed to satisfy charges originated by the Portuguese military forces in the

Overseas, continued to operate after the end of the Overseas War. IV. The annual accounts of the FDMU were not approved in the years 1978, 1979 and 1980 by CEMGFA,

General Ramalho Eanes. Decree Law 548.80 of 18 November refers to the formal extinction of the FDMU, but not the materially extinguishes, having occurred the acts that were in progress after

the entry into force of that law. SAW. Although formally extinguished, the FDMU balance did not integrate the general state accounts,

having been transferred to a private fund created in EMGFA, which had it until 1993. VII. It is possible to say that the FDML' was only extinct, from a material point of view, in 1993.

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VIII.

X

The final balance of the FDMU, coinciding with the initial balance of the private fund of EMGFA, reached approximately 510 million escudos, a value that, today, would correspond to about 27 millions of euros. The final balance of the private fund of EMGFA reached approximately 29 million escudos, in 1993, which today corresponds to around 25 thousand euros. General Ramalho Eanes' answer to the questions asked by members of the X CPITC presented some inconsistencies regarding the facts verified by the audit to the FDMU carried out carried out by the IGF, namely as regards compliance with the financial regularity of the bottom. Between 1982 and 1992, the annual management accounts of the private fund of the EMGFA, wit'st undocumented expenses on works and constructions, others. Between 1982 and 1988 there ire references to Sxpensechasing from the EMGFA private fund. Of these expenses, we highlight transfers to autonomous funds belonging to entities in the branches of the Armed Forces (117 million escudos in 1982 and 8 million escudos) escudos in 1986), for the Army Staff (25 million escudos in 1982), as well as experises with construction and major repairs, by EMGFA (19 million eurus). escudos in 1982 and 2 million escudos in 1986).

XI.

XII.

126

127

XIII.

XIV.

It was not possible to document the veracity of expenditure on works and repairs by the EMGFA. The Revolution Council took the decision, in its own favor and in disagreement with the opinion Constitutional Committee's non-binding legislation on article 3 of DL 548/80, of 18 November, of not declaring the unconstitutionality of this statute by itself prepared and approved. Under the terms of this DL 5-48.80, of November 18, the Revolutionary Council proceeded to extinction of the FDMU, transferring its balance to a private fund managed by the Board of Directors EMGFA Administration. It was not possible to establish a causal link between the FDMU and the Camarate attack.

XV.

XVI.

4.4. Arms exports

XVII. In the late 1980s, arms exports needed government approval,

namely by the Minister of Defense and the Minister for Foreign Affairs. XVIII L'sually, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs would not pronounce itself in favor or in

against arms exports, referring that decision to the Minister of Defense. XIX. The Government led by Francisco Sá Carneiro asked for further clarification regarding

arms exports to countries such as Guatemala, Argentina and Indonesia. XX. Ammunition was transferred from an Israeli aircraft to an Iran Air aircraft in the

Portela airport in 1980. .XXI. lluis occurrence may have been at the origin of the news published in Portugal Today,

entitled "Portuguese Weapons for Iran".

XXII. Following this news, the Portuguese Government issued a joint note stating that

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

XXIII.

XXIV.

neither authorized nor authorized the export of arms to Iran. It was also confirmed that a commercial embargo was in force on April 21, 1980 Iran, which would include arms, and which would have been in force until January 1981, when other European countries lift the said embargo. Alpoim Calvão, called to CPI for his role in the company Explosivos da Trafaria, said he had ammunition overflow has already occurred. It also confirmed that the legal export of arms to Iran in 1981. Adelino Amaro da Costa asked for further clarification on the arms expedition to the Iran, two days before the attack. From the analysis to the entry of correspondence in the CEMGFA Office, it is possible to arms dispatch to Iran on December 9, 1980, five days after the attack. It was also possible to verify the sending of military material to Iran on January 26,

XXV.

XXVI.

XXVII.

1981.

4.5. The death of José Moreira

XXVIII.

XXIX.

José Moreira and Elisabete Silva were found dead on January 5, 1983, having the callse of death was hy carbon monoxide inhalation. José Moreira's testimony was scheduled at the I Commission of Inquiry into the Tragedy of Camarate, testimony that did not happen. The death of José Moreira and Elisabete Silva was considered accidental by the Judiciary Police.

XXX.

127

128

XXXI.

XXXII.

XXXIII.

XXXIV.

The analysis of the tissues, elaborated at the request of the X CPITC by Nuno Duarte Vieira and Rosa Henriques Vieira, from the Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, would end up showing ruptures in the pulmonary alveoli of José Moreira and Hisabete Silva. The rupture of the pulmonary alveoli, in situations of death by carbon monoxide, results of two situations: drowning or mechanical asphyxiation. Excluded the possibility of drowning, the explanation for the rupture of the pulmonary alveoli José Moreira lives only and only in a situation of mechanical asphyxiation. The disposition of the bodies, as well as some marks found on the corpses and the virtual one impossibility for the high levels of carbon monoxide to come from the water heater, indicate that it was not a suicide. Adding to this fact the high levels of carboxyhemoglobin, the simultaneous death José Moreira and Elisabete Silva, the high probability that, even though all the gas taps open, there are not enough carbon monoxide levels to justify the values found in the victims, it is concluded that the death of José Moreira and Elisabete Silva 101 only was it not accidental, it was caused by others. The autopsy of both corpses, prepared by the Thanatologist physician Fernando Fonseca, and whose report was presented on January 19, 1983, has been well done. If this information had been cross-checked with the results of the examinations histological findings, which demonstrated rupture of the pulmonary alveoli and which would only come together to the process on April 11, 1983, it would have been possible to exclude, already in 1983 and to a high degree

XXXV.

XXXVI.

XXXVII,

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

XXXVIII. probability the accidental death theşis.

The results of the exams will not have been made available to the Thanatologist.

histological, a fact whose responsibility is attributed to the Judiciary Police. XXXIX. The investigation of the Judicial Police failed to investigate the causes of José Moreira's death,

namely by not taking into account relevant elements of the histological examination to the

victims' tissues. XI.

The disciplinary investigation conducted by the PGR did not identify any relevant flaws in the

Judiciary Police and Legal Medicine Institute. XLI. The disciplinary investigation produced a report that blatantly omits facts

that could not only confirm a deficient performance by the police Judiciary as resulting in the possibility of excluding Josés accidental death thesis

Moreira and Elisabete Silva. XLII. The report concludes that this omission was deliberate, having as its sole

objective, the corroboration of the initial thesis put forward by the Judiciary Police. XLIII. The disciplinary investigation and its results were endorsed by the then Attorney General of the

Republic, Cunha Rodrigues.

4.6. Other testimonials

XLIV.

The disappearance of the RTP's collection of images captured by the team that confirmed was part of the journalist Diana Andringa on the night of December 4, in Camarate.

128

129

4.7. The Stasi

XLV.

The German authorities replied that they were unable to find, in the archives of the former secret police of the German Democratic Republic, any data relating to the attack which victimized, among others, the Prime Minister and the Minister of Defense.

4.8. The different versions on December 4, 1980

XLVI.

It is not possible to remove from the testimonies of the confessed perpetrators of the Camarate, namely Fernando Farinha Simões, José Esteves and Carlos Miranda any coherent, unambiguous and irreſutable element that allows a beller clarification of the Occurred on December 7, 1980. The right to the good name of the people involved in the accusations of the confessed perpetrators leads the CPI to affirin that the successive statements by Farinha Simões and José Esteves are, above all, an incoherent and unproven version of the tragic events that would lead to the Camarate tragedy, and may be relevant only for the attribution of its

XLVII.

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their own responsibilities, and not with respect to third parties, since they lack other objective elements of support, confirmation and proof.

4.9. Final conclusions

XLVIII.

XLIX.

L.

LI.

The plane crash in Camarate on the night of December 4 was due to an attack. The Overseas Military Defense Fund was formally extinguished, but remained active under the form of a private fund until 1993, with approximately 481 million escudos in this period without any scrutiny. The opening balance of the private fund, in 1981, and calculated to the present day, would be equivalent to about 30 million euros. The final balance, in 1993, would correspond to about 25 thousand euros. The transfer of arms to Iran in 1980 and the export of arms to the same country, at least, in 1980 and 1981, even after the cut of commercial relations with Iran and with the lack of authorization for arms exports by the Minister Defense. The Minister of Defense, Adelino Amaro da Costa, was shown to be concerned about the irregularities in the operation of the Overseas Military Defense Fund and the possible anns trafficking in Portugal. Goverments led by either Diogo Freitas do Amaral or Francisco Pinto Balsemão failed to take the necessary steps to address concerns expressed by Adelino Amaro da Costa. The dispatch of military material to Iran in the 1980s and 1981 is referred to in the audit of the IGF to the accounts of the EMGFA Office, namely as having occurred on 9 December 1980 and on January 26, 1981. It was evidenced that José Moreira and Elisabete Silva were murdered in the beginning of January 1983.

LII.

LIII.

LIV.

129

130

LV.

the

LVI.

Although it is reasonable that the reason for the double homicide is related revelations that José Moreira had said he would produce in his future testimony in Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry, it was not possible to establish a causal link between his death and the attack that killed, among others, the Prime Minister and the Minister of Defense The role of the Judiciary Police in investigating the death of José Moreira and Elisabete Silva was deficient and presented unequivocal gaps, making it difficult to believe that it was only due to any carelessness. The role of the Attorney General's Office, namely in the disciplinary investigation of 1992 to the performance of the Judiciary Police and the Instilute of Legal Aledicine in the case of José's death Moreira and Elisabete Silva was also deficient, with glaring and evident gaps, being It is equally difficult to believe that it was only due to possible carelessness.

LVII.

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Recommendations

The tenth Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry on the Camarate Tragedy ends and after thirty-four years on the attack that killed, among others, the Prime Minister, Francisco Sá Carneiro and Defense Minister, Adelino Amaro da Costa, this report recommends to the Assembly of the Republic the creation of a digitized archive about Camarate, containing the entire documentary collection on the attack and subsequent placing of the entire collection on Parliament's official website.

Likewise, it is considered important to recommend to the Government to safeguard documents of the collection of the Overseas Military Defense Fund, whose historical importance will be assessed with greater temporal distance

At the same time, X CPITC considers it of the utmost importance that the Government determines the opening of a rigorous investigation that will make it possible to fully clarify the disappearance of the EMGTA archives, MDN and MNE of the official cross-correspondence between these three bodies with reference to export of war material to Iran on 2 and 9 December 1980 and 22 January 1981. This correspondence was identified by the IGF in the correspondence record book of the EMGFA Office, with official news that all of the original documents have disappeared and any copies, including the respective attachments.

Assembly of the Republic, 23 June 2015,

The Rapporteur

(Pedro do Ó Ramos)

130

131

Attachments

Despite this final recommendation, a set of documents that are considered essential to

stand the lopic.

Thus, the following are attached to the report:

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf

About FDMU

1. Final Audit to the Overseas Military Defense Fund (FDMU) 2. Minutes of the testimonies of IGF inspectors

About the Export of Military Material

3. Minutes of the statement by Commander Alpoim Calvão 4. News from Portugal lloje , entitled “Portuguese Weapons for Iran" 5. Official note from the Government of Sá Carneiro on the news from Portugal Today 6. Audit Report on the Accounts of the CEMGFA Office from 1974 to 1981

(pages 46/56 and 47:56)

About the Death of José Moreira

7. PGR Disciplinary Inquiry into the role of the Judiciary Police and the Institute of Legal Medicine

in the scope of the investigation of the death of José Moreira 8. Minutes of the testimony of Duarte Nuno Vieira, then President of the Institute of Medicine

Nice 9. Minutes of the testimony of the agent Herculano Morgado 10. Minutes of testimonies of prosecutors João Dias Borges and José Ribeiro Afonso 11. Report of histological exams to José Moreira

Abour RTP

12. Judgment of the Supreme Court of Justice 13. Minutes of Diana Andringa's testimony

About the Camarate Attack

14. Minutes of José Cavalheiro and Henrique Botelho de Miranda

On the hearings of the confessed perpetrators of the Camarate attack

15. Statement by the representatives of the victims' relatives, dated June 24, 2013 16. Tribute due to the Albuquerque Pilot

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From: Date: To: Subject: Attachments:

"Jonas Englund" <jonas-k.englund@polisen.se> 15 May 2020 08:37:45 +0200 "Fureg Palme Skanning" <fureg-palme.skanning@polisen.se> DA-21183-04-M Fwd: Utlovat material

Pol-2020-05-14 DA21183-04-M Camarate-air-crash.pdf